1.         Sangiran Early Man Site (Indonesia) (C 593)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1996

Criteria  (iii)(vi)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/593/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1998-2005)
Total amount approved: USD 40,000
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/593/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds


Previous monitoring missions

September 2006: UNESCO expert mission; January-February 2008: Joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS Reactive Monitoring mission

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/593/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2018

On 29 November 2017, the State Party submitted a detailed report on the state of conservation of the property, which is available at http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/593/documents/, and provides updated information on the following:

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

Over the past year, the State Party, together with the management authorities, has succeeded in addressing the management, conservation, training and monitoring issues at the property and, as such, the completion of the Management Plan is an important accomplishment.

However, it is to be noted that, within the section on Management Mechanisms, the Management Plan points to the fact that the State Party foresees bureaucratic difficulties in establishing a new management entity. Furthermore, it is noted that the Memoranda of Understanding and Cooperation Agreements establishing the cooperation and responsibilities of the stakeholders are under revision. It is therefore of utmost importance that these arrangements be put in place as soon as possible to ensure an adequate protection framework.

In its review of the Management Plan, ICOMOS suggested that stakeholder representatives needed to be appointed and involved in discussions concerning the implementation of the Plan. The long-term management of the property will depend on the well-being and positive motivation of the local communities and residents. Therefore, the Plan should address these issues and ensure their active involvement in the property’s management in order to maximize congruence between tourism development and the involvement and profit of the local community. Recommendations concerning the Management Plan will be provided to the State Party.

Finally, the State Party should be encouraged to continuously monitor the implementation of regulations to control infrastructural and physical developments within the property.

Decision Adopted: 42 COM 7B.8

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC/18/42.COM/7B,
  2. Recalling Decision 40 COM 7B.36, adopted at its 40th session (Istanbul/UNESCO, 2016),
  3. Acknowledges the completion of the 2017 Sangiran Early Man Site Management Plan and requests the State Party to ensure that the new management entity, Memoranda of Understanding and Cooperation Agreements are established as soon as possible, to guarantee an adequate protection framework;
  4. Encourages the State Party to continuously monitor the implementation of regulations to control infrastructural and physical developments within the property, and to ensure the full participation of local communities and residents in its operation;
  5. Also requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 December 2019, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above for review by the Advisory Bodies.