1.         Sanganeb Marine National Park and Dungonab Bay – Mukkawar Island Marine National Park (Sudan) (N 262rev)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  2016

Criteria  (vii)(ix)(x)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/262/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 2010-2010)
Total amount approved: USD 29,500
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/262/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

N/A

Previous monitoring missions

N/A

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Factors identified at the time of inscription in 2016:

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/262/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2018

On 26 November 2017, the State Party submitted a report on the state of conservation of the property, a summary of which is available at http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/262/documents/, and which reports the following:

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre and IUCN

The progress achieved with the development of high quality maps and a draft IMP for the whole property should be welcomed, as should the increase in staffing levels and budget although these remain insufficient. It is recommended that the Committee encourage the State Party to commit to increased resources for the management of the property and to finalize, adopt and implement the IMP.

The activities undertaken to identify additional areas with potential OUV for proposed inclusion in the property are also appreciated and consistent with Decision 40 COM 8B.6 at the time of inscription. It is recommended that the Committee also encourage the State Party to continue this work, and to seek technical advice from IUCN, if required. It should be noted that any extensions to the property should follow the relevant procedures for boundary modification or re-nomination, as laid out in the Operational Guidelines.

It is noted that Sudanese dive operators follow an informal set of rules, including the practice to anchor dive boats on sand away from the actual dive sites. It is of concern that foreign dive operators are not following these same rules, causing damage to coral reefs and disturbance to wildlife, which is also reported to have an impact on visitor experience. It is therefore recommended that the Committee request the State Party to establish, in close consultation with local dive operators and other stakeholders, a code of conduct including formal rules and regulations for all dive operators and ensure their enforcement, to reach out to foreign dive operators to raise awareness about these rules and regulations, and to establish appropriate mechanisms (such as fines and licensing systems) to avoid violations. It is further recommended that the State Party ensure regular patrolling to monitor any vessels operating within either component of the property.

The World Heritage Centre is organizing a technical workshop in Port Sudan for July 2018, in view of bringing together key expertise from the UNESCO Marine World Heritage Network and contribute to building local capacities for the management of the property.

Decision Adopted: 42 COM 7B.99

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC/18/42.COM/7B,
  2. Recalling Decision 40 COM 8B.6, adopted at its 40th session (Istanbul/UNESCO, 2016),
  3. Welcomes the progress achieved with the development of high quality maps and a draft Integrated Management Plan (IMP), the recruitment of additional staff, and the increase in resources;
  4. Requests the State Party to finalize, adopt and start implementing the IMP as soon as possible, and encourages it to provide further ressources for the management of the property;
  5. Noting with appreciation the activities undertaken to identify additional areas of potential Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) and the State Party’s intention to propose such areas for inclusion as part of the property, recalls that any proposed extensions should follow the appropriate procedures for boundary modification and/or re-nomination as laid out in the Operational Guidelines, and also encourages the State Party to continue this work and to seek technical advice from IUCN if required;
  6. Notes with concern the reported activities of foreign dive operators who cause damage to coral reefs, disturbance to wildlife, and negative impacts on visitor experience, and also requests the State Party to establish, in close consultation with local dive operators and other stakeholders, a code of conduct including formal rules and regulations for all dive operators and to ensure compliance, including by:
    1. Reaching out to dive operators, both national and foreign, to raise awareness about these rules and regulations and encourage best practice in line with international standards,
    2. Establishing appropriate mechanisms, such as, fines and a licensing system, to avoid violations,
    3. Ensuring regular patrolling to monitor any vessels operating within either component of the property;
  7. Further requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 December 2020, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 45th session in 2021.