1.         Pergamon and its Multi-Layered Cultural Landscape (Turkey) (C 1457)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  2014

Criteria  (i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1457/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved: USD 0
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1457/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds


Previous monitoring missions


Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Threats identified at the time of inscription of the property:

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1457/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2016

On 3 December 2015, the State Party submitted a report concerning the state of conservation of this property, which is available at the following web address: https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1457/documents/ and provides information on the progress achieved in implementing the recommendations adopted at the inscription of the property on the World Heritage List, as follows:

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

The strong commitment of the State Party to the conservation and management of the property should be noted; as well as the fact that virtually all the recommendations made by the Committee at the time of inscription in 2014 have been acted upon.

It should be noted that the State Party has successfully made progress with regards to the Management Plan and it is currently in its final stages and awaiting approval from the authorities. The need to sustain these efforts to comprehensively address concerns should be underscored, particularly in relation to the efficiency of the management system, state of conservation, and visitor management and public use. The draft Management Plan has been received and it will be the object of an ICOMOS technical review to be submitted separately to the World Heritage Centre.

With regards to the monitoring system of the property, it is noted that the State Party has specified which organization is responsible for each monitoring indicator. It should also be noted that seismic monitoring has also been assigned an organization and that research will be carried out, in the first half of 2016, with Bogazici University Kandilli Observatory and Research Institute to monitor the effects of the seismic waves on archaeological and medieval structures of the site. Financial resources are also being explored for the purchase of the monitoring equipment. This development aims to enhance the knowledge and understanding of the property.

Due to windy weather conditions and resistance from the local population, the restriction of vehicle access to the Acropolis is currently being reviewed. Research is currently ongoing to find other modes of transport as well as whether the restriction of vehicles is feasible in the long-term.

Other conservation issues include the Selinos Brook Amelioration Project, which has been embarked on to prevent floods to the site. A survey and a HIA will be undertaken in conformity with ICOMOS Guidelines on Heritage Impact Assessments for World Heritage cultural properties, and subsequently submitted to the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies for review.

In light of the progress made by the State Party, it is considered that the main concerns of the World Heritage Committee are currently being addressed. It is however recommended that the Committee encourage the State Party to continue with the implementation of all relevant measures and plans, improving protection effectiveness and defining appropriate degrees of intervention for each element of the property, in order to prevent any threats to its OUV.

Decision Adopted: 40 COM 7B.59

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC/16/40.COM/7B,
  2. Recalling Decision 38 COM 8B.38, adopted at its 38th session (Doha, 2014),
  3. Commends the State Party for the actions it has undertaken in response to the World Heritage Committee’s recommendations at the time of inscription to complete the Management Plan for the property, to improve the monitoring system by specifying which organization is responsible for monitoring each indicator, including seismic monitoring, and on its implementation of new height limits to conserve the visual integrity of the property;
  4. Requests the State Party to finalize, as soon as possible, the study on the restriction of vehicles to the Acropolis and submit it to the World Heritage Centre, for review by the Advisory Bodies;
  5. Notes the proposed Selinos Brook Amelioration Project and also requests the State Party to provide the World Heritage Centre with the survey and Heritage Impact Assessment for the project, with a specific section focusing on its potential impact on the Outstanding Universal Value, for review by the Advisory Bodies;
  6. Further requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 December 2017, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above.