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Walled City of Baku with the Shirvanshah's Palace and Maiden Tower

Azerbaijan
Factors affecting the property in 2016*
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
  • Changing urban fabric due to the demolition of buildings and uncontrolled construction within the Walled City (issue resolved)
  • Overall lack of any management system and in particular insufficient coordination between the national and municipal authorities (issue resolved)
  • Absence of a comprehensive management plan that addresses conservation problems, urban development control and tourism activities (issue resolved)
UNESCO Extra-Budgetary Funds until 2016

Total amount provided to the property: USD 30,000 (American Funds Special Account, 2005/06); USD 22,000 (Netherlands Funds-in-Trust, 2005/06) 

International Assistance: requests for the property until 2016
Requests approved: 1 (from 1998-1998)
Total amount approved : 15,000 USD
Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2016

The State Party submitted a state of conservation report on 10 December 2015, a summary of which is available at https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/958/documents/. The report provides information on measures implemented by the Administration of the State Historical-Architectural Reserve “Icherisheher” (SHAHAR) in response to the decisions of the World Heritage Committee as follows:

  • Formulating and adopting guidance for a consistent conservation and maintenance approach to the buildings within the property through development and adoption of relevant rules and guidelines;
  • Improvement of the management model and development of the Integrated Area Management Action Plan (IAMAP) and General Detailed Conservation Master Plan of the Historical Centre of Baku (CMP), thereby maintaining the adequate state of conservation of historical-architectural monuments. SHAHAR is collaborating with other state agencies on the “Greater Baku Regional Development Plan” project, which is informed by the Historic-Urban Landscape approach;
  • Strengthening of the effective implementation of the moratorium on further construction, elevation and inappropriate transformation of historical buildings within the property by undertaking regular inspections and monitoring, as well as by upgrading 24/7 CCTV control and security service on the territory. SHAHAR is also working closely with local residents to facilitate voluntarily removal of illegal constructions;
  • The “Living City” approach has successfully been applied to improve and maintain better living conditions within the Walled City of Baku, and necessary actions to initiate and support rehabilitation of decayed historic buildings are being taken.
Analysis and Conclusion by World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies in 2016

The World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies are of the view that the state of conservation of the property is being adequately addressed by the State Party. The State Party is encouraged to continue with the implementation of all relevant measures and plans, defining appropriate degrees of intervention for each element of the property, and giving consideration to defining a larger protection zone, in order to prevent any threats to its Outstanding Universal Value.

Decisions adopted by the Committee in 2016
40 COM 7B.105
Omnibus Decision

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC/16/40.COM/7B,
  2. Takes note with satisfaction of the measures taken by the States Parties concerned to address its previous requests to mitigate the threats on the Outstanding Universal Value of the following World Heritage properties:
    • Walled City of Baku with the Shirvanshah's Palace and Maiden Tower (Azerbaijan),
    • Bolgar Historical and Archaeological Complex (Russian Federation),
    • New Lanark (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland),
    • Monumental Earthworks of Poverty Point (United States of America);
  3. Encourages the States Parties concerned to pursue their efforts to ensure the conservation of World Heritage properties;
  4. Recalling the benefits to States Parties of systematically utilizing Heritage Impact Assessments (HIAs) and Environmental Impact Assessments (EIAs) in the review of development projects, also encourages States Parties to integrate the EIA/HIA processes into legislation, planning mechanisms and management plans, and reiterates its recommendation to States Parties to use these tools in assessing projects, including assessment of cumulative impacts on the Outstanding Universal Value of properties, as early as possible and before any final decision is taken;
  5. Reminds the States Parties concerned to inform the World Heritage Centre in due course about any major development project that may negatively impact the Outstanding Universal Value of a property, before any irreversible decisions are made, in line with Paragraph 172 of the Operational Guidelines.
Draft Decision: 40 COM 7B.105

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC/16/40.COM/7B,
  2. Takes note with satisfaction of the measures taken by the States Parties concerned to address its previous requests to mitigate the threats on the Outstanding Universal Value of the following World Heritage properties:
    1. Walled City of Baku with the Shirvanshah's Palace and Maiden Tower (Azerbaijan),
    2. Bolgar Historical and Archaeological Complex (Russian Federation),
    3. New Lanark (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland),
    4. Monumental Earthworks of Poverty Point (United States of America);
  3. Encourages the States Parties concerned to pursue their efforts to ensure the conservation of World Heritage properties;
  4. Recalling the benefits to States Parties of systematically utilizing Heritage Impact Assessments (HIAs) and Environmental Impact Assessments (EIAs) in the review of development projects, encourages States Parties to integrate the EIA/HIA processes into legislation, planning mechanisms and management plans, and reiterates its recommendation to States Parties to use these tools in assessing projects, including assessment of cumulative impacts on the Outstanding Universal Value of properties, as early as possible and before any final decision is taken;
  5. Reminds the States Parties concerned to inform the World Heritage Centre in due course about any major development project that may negatively impact the Outstanding Universal Value of a property, before any irreversible decisions are made, in line with Paragraph 172 of the Operational Guidelines.
Report year: 2016
Azerbaijan
Date of Inscription: 2000
Category: Cultural
Criteria: (iv)
Danger List (dates): 2003-2009
Documents examined by the Committee
SOC Report by the State Party
Report (2015) .pdf
arrow_circle_right 40COM (2016)
Exports

* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.


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