1.         Tyre (Lebanon) (C 299)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1984

Criteria  (iii)(vi)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/299/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1986-2001)
Total amount approved: USD 29,000
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/299/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

Total amount provided to the property: USD 19,173 from 1997 to 2001 for the International Safeguarding Campaign 

Previous monitoring missions

2004: Evaluation mission by the UNESCO Office in Beirut; September 2006: UNESCO mission following the 2006 summer conflict; February 2009: World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS reactive monitoring mission; 2011: joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS reactive monitoring mission

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/299/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2011

The State Party has not submitted a state of conservation report as requested by the World Heritage Committee at its 34th session (Brasilia, 2010).

In the absence of a state of conservation report from the State Party, there is a lack of any indication that the recommendations made by the World Heritage Committee or those arising from earlier sessions have been addressed. These relate in particular to the following concerns:

Information was received by the World Heritage Centre indicating that important works were currently undertaken in the port of Tyre, in contradiction with Decision 28 COM 15B.48. A letter was addressed by the World Heritage Centre to the State Party on 29 March 2011 requesting detailed information on these alleged developments. No answer was received at the time of drafting this report.

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

The World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies would like to reiterate that no report has been submitted by the State Party and that the joint mission requested by the World Heritage Committee at its last session could not be organized. They note the lack of management measures for the property and the threats to its Outstanding Universal Value as identified in the Reactive Monitoring Mission Report of 2009, which describes “the overall state of conservation of the site of the Ancient City is in an alarming condition.”

None of the recommendations of the 2009 World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS reactive monitoring mission appear to have been addressed, nor the decisions of the World Heritage Committee at its 30th (Vilnius, 2006), 31st (Christchurch, 2007), 32nd (Quebec City, 2008), 33rd (Seville, 2009) and 34th (Brasilia, 2010) sessions. 

Decision Adopted: 35 COM 7B.51

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Having examined Document WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add,

2. Recalling Decision 34 COM 7B.57, adopted at its 34th session (Brasilia, 2010),

3. Takes note that the State Party has provided a state of conservation report for the property, and additional information on the management plan, on improved institutional mechanisms, and information and studies related to ongoing developments at the property, as requested since 2006, and specifically Decisions 32COM7B.60, 33COM7B.57 and 34COM7B.57;

4. Strongly encourages the State Party to establish as soon as possible a buffer zone to protect the property from excessive development and to submit a request for boundary modification to this end according to paragraphs 163-165 of the Operational Guidelines;

5. Requests the State Party to invite as soon as possible the joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS reactive monitoring mission to the property in order to evaluate, at its 36th session in 2012, the progress accomplished;

6. Also requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2012, a report on the implementation of the above for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 36th session in 2012 with a view to considering, in the case of confirmation of the ascertained or potential danger to Outstanding Universal Value, the possible inscription of the property on the List of World Heritage in Danger.