1.         Manovo-Gounda St Floris National Park (Central African Republic) (N 475)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1988

Criteria  (ix)(x)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger    1997-present

Threats for which the property was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger

Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger

Adopted, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/1761

Corrective measures identified

Adopted, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/1761

Timeframe for the implementation of the corrective measures

Not yet identified

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/475/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 2001-2012)
Total amount approved: USD 225,488
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/475/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

N/A

Previous monitoring missions

May 2001 and April 2009: Joint World Heritage Centre/IUCN Reactive Monitoring missions. 

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/475/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2016

On 7 April 2016, the State Party submitted a state of conservation report on the property, available at https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/475/documents/. The State Party has not yet issued an invitation for a Reactive Monitoring mission requested by the Committee in its Decision 38 COM 7A.34, organised the workshop to assess the feasibility of the reestablishment of the Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) of the property, and prepared an Emergency Action Plan.

The report provides the following information:

On 13 November 2015, the State Party submitted a summary report of the Bangui National Forum relating to the restoration of peace, which took place from 4 to 11 May 2015.

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre and IUCN

The Bangui National Forum represented an important occasion for the State Party and the Central African people to address the political and security crisis. One must hope that the commitments undertaken during this Forum will enable a progressive restoration of peace and an improvement in the security situation throughout the country, including in the region where the property is located. However, it will take time before stability is restored, meanwhile the security in and around the property remains a problem.

Confirmation of European Commission funding for the ECOFAUNE + Project is favourably welcomed, as well as the activities related to land use, security, and the enhancement of the VCZs foreseen in the framework of the CABCP-PCAE. However, it must be recalled that during the 39th session of the Committee, the World Heritage Centre and IUCN noted that despite the continued efforts of the State Party in the implementation of the ECOFAUNE + Project in the North-east region of the country in a difficult security situation, no surveillance activity was possible in the majority of the areas of the project and notably inside the property. The State Party report, in invoking the difficulties encountered in the implementation of the corrective measures, indicates that the situation inside the property remains serious as regards security and the effects of transhumance and trans-border poaching. It is recommended that the Committee request the State Party to provide additional information on security, fight against poaching and restructuration activities currently ongoing inside the property.

The commitment of the State Party to continue the implementation of the ECOFAUNE + and CABCP – PCAE project should be warmly welcomed and encouraged. However, with continuing insecurity and extremely important pressures threatening the property, and in the absence of data enabling an analysis of the current situation, the perspectives for the restoration of the Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) of the property still appear questionable. It is therefore recommended that the Committee reiterate its request to the State Party to organize a workshop to assess the feasibility for the restoration of the OUV of the property under the current security conditions and, based on the conclusions of this workshop, prepare an emergency action plan focused on the corrective measures adopted by the Committee at its 33rd session (Sevilla, 2009). Recalling the concerns expressed by the Committee since its 38th session (Doha, 2014) regarding the possible loss of OUV of the property, it is also recommended that the Committee reiterate its request to the State Party to invite a joint World Heritage Centre/IUCN Reactive Monitoring mission as soon as the security situation permits, to assess the state of conservation of the property and to determine if there are perspectives for the regeneration of the characteristics of the property justifying its OUV, or whether the removal of the property from the World Heritage List should be envisaged.

Currently, it is recommended that the Committee maintain the property on the List of World Heritage in Danger and continue to apply the Reinforced Monitoring Mechanism.    

Decision Adopted: 40 COM 7A.34

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC/16/40.COM/7A.Add,
  2. Recalling Decision 38 COM 7A.34 and 39 COM 7A.1 adopted respectively at its 38th (Doha, 2014) and 39th (Bonn, 2015) sessions,
  3. Takes note of the Bangui National Forum relating to the restoration of peace and expresses the hope that the commitments undertaken as a result of this Forum will enable a progressive improvement of the security situation in the country, including in the zone where the property is located;
  4. However, notes with concern that insecurity continues to complicate the implementation of the corrective measures adopted by the Committee at its 33rd session (Seville, 2009);
  5. Reiterates its deep concern regarding the probable loss of most of the flagship species of large mammals in the property, due to poaching and impact from grazing cattle;
  6. Also reiterates its continuing concern regarding the fact that the property has already lost its Outstanding Universal Value (OUV), which could result in its removal from the World Heritage List, in conformity with Paragraph 176d) of the Operational Guidelines;
  7. Warmly welcomes the commitment of the State Party to pursue the implementation of the ECOFAUNE + Project with the support of the European Union, as well as the land use and security activities foreseen in and around the property in the framework of the Central Africa Biodiversity Conservation Programme – Protecting Central Africa’s Elephants funded by the African Development Bank and encourages the State Party to continue its efforts;
  8. Reiterates its request to the State Party to organize a workshop to assess the feasibility for the restoration of the OUV of the property under the current security conditions and based on this, to prepare an emergency action plan, focused on the adopted corrective measures;
  9. Also reiterates its request to the State Party to invite a joint World Heritage Centre/IUCN Reactive Monitoring mission as soon as the security situation permits to assess the state of conservation of the property and determine whether there remain perspectives for the regeneration of the characteristics of the property justifying its OUV, or if a removal of the property from the World Heritage List in accordance with Paragraph IV.C of the Operational Guidelines should be envisaged;
  10. Requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2017, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 41st session in 2017;
  11. Decides to continue to apply the Reinforced Monitoring Mechanism for this property;
  12. Also decides to retain Manovo-Gounda St Floris National Park (Central African Republic) on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

Decision Adopted: 40 COM 8C.2

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined the state of conservation reports of properties inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger (WHC/16/40.COM/7A, WHC/16/40.COM/7A.Add and WHC/16/40.COM/7A.Add.2),
  2. Decides to retain the following properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger: