1.         Chan Chan Archaeological Zone (Peru) (C 366)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1986

Criteria  (i)(iii)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger    1986-present

Threats for which the property was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger

Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger

Adopted, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/4647

Corrective measures identified

 Adopted, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/4647

Timeframe for the implementation of the corrective measures

Adopted, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/4647

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/366/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1987-1998)
Total amount approved: USD 118,700
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/366/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

N/A

Previous monitoring missions

1997: ICOMOS mission; February 2007: Joint World Heritage Centre / ICOMOS and ICCROM mission; November 2010: Joint World Heritage Centre / ICOMOS Reactive Monitoring mission; December 2014: Joint World Heritage Centre / ICOMOS Reactive Monitoring mission 

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/366/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2016

On 16 February 2016, the State Party submitted a state of conservation report; a summary of which is available at https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/336/documents. The report answers to the matters raised in Decision 39 COM 7A.47 and to the corrective measures as follows:

Regarding the implementation of the corrective measures:

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

The report gives a detailed account of the important progress achieved by the State Party on the implementation of most of the corrective measures adopted by the World Heritage Committee at its 36th session (Saint-Petersburg, 2012). It is important to note that most of them have achieved the expected results and have administrative, financial and management resources that guarantee their long-term implementation.

In this regard, the site museum renovation is considered as an important initiative undertaken by the State Party, and in this instance an Interinstitutional Cooperation Agreement for the execution of the project has been submitted to the National COPESCO Plan in 2015. 

The engagement to update the Archaeological Intervention Manual and the Integral Risk Prevention Plan in the course of 2016, as requested by the Committee at its last session, is also noted. Their submission to the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies is expected as soon as they become available for review.

The numerous research, conservation and maintenance activities implemented at the property are also noted with appreciation, particularly those developed in the framework of the ENSO. Likewise, the significant efforts invested by the local, regional and national authorities, as well as the international and interinstitutional cooperation agreements signed in order to jointly implement these activities are welcomed.

The establishment of an Earthen Architecture Laboratory is welcomed. It is expected that the results of these studies initiated will contribute to the better monitoring, evaluation and adaptation of the conservation works in place at the property.

Moreover, the reinforcement of the management structure for the property through the creation of Executing Unit 009 is welcomed, in particular as it will enable the enhancement of the interinstitutional cooperation between the Special Chan Chan Archaeological Complex Project (PECACH) and the Decentralized Directorate of Culture of La Libertad.

However, it is recommended that the Committee urge the State Party to finalize the approval of the draft regulation of Law 28261 and the Master Plan in order to properly address pressing matters at the property. Likewise, the finalization of the delimitation process of the buffer zone of the property and the elaboration of its regulatory measures becomes an urgent issue to be solved.

The finalization of these processes should be feasible in a one to two-year period. If the draft regulation of Law 28261, the Master Plan and the definition of the buffer zone with its respective regulatory measures, are approved the World Heritage Committee would then be in the position to assess if the Desired state of conservation of this property has been reached and its removal from the List of World Heritage in Danger can be considered.

Decision Adopted: 40 COM 7A.4

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC/16/40.COM/7A,
  2. Recalling Decision 39 COM 7A.47, adopted at its 39th session (Bonn, 2015),
  3. Commends the State Party for the implementation of most of the corrective measures towards achieving the Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger (DSOCR) and encourages the State Party to continue its efforts for their implementation;
  4. Notes with appreciation the significant efforts invested by the local, regional and national authorities, as well as the international and interinstitutional agreement for the implementation of research, conservation and maintenance activities for the conservation of the property, in particular in the framework of the El Niño Southern Oscillation Prevention Programme (ENSO);
  5. Welcomes the establishment of an Earthen Architecture Laboratory, the development of studies of construction technologies and materials, and meteorological research, as well as the creation of Executing Unit 009 to reinforce the management of the property and the interinstitutional cooperation between the Special Chan Chan Archaeological Complex Project (PECACH) and the Decentralized Directorate of Culture of La Libertad;
  6. Notes the submission of the Interinstitutional Cooperation agreement for the renovation of the site museum and also encourages the State Party to finalize its approval and start its implementation;
  7. Acknowledges the commitment expressed by the State Party to develop the updating of the Archaeological Intervention Manual and the Integral Risk Prevention Plan as requested by Decision 39 COM 7A.47 and requests the State Party to submit them to the World Heritage Centre as soon as they become available, for review by the Advisory Bodies;
  8. Also notes the progress achieved in the definition of the delimitation process of the property’s buffer zone and urges the State Party to finalize this process and elaborate its regulatory measures in collaboration with all concerned stakeholders;
  9. Reiterates its request to the State Party to finalize the approval process of:
    1. the updated version of the Master Plan for the Conservation and Management of the property as soon as possible, taking into account the views of all stakeholders, an electronic copy and three printed copies of which should be provided to the World Heritage Centre, for review by the Advisory Bodies,
    2. Law 28261, to ensure that the property is adequately protected from illegal occupation and seek for supplementary solutions to this issue;
  10. Also requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2017, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 41st session in 2017;
  11. Decides to retain Chan Chan Archaeological Zone (Peru) on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

Decision Adopted: 40 COM 8C.2

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined the state of conservation reports of properties inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger (WHC/16/40.COM/7A, WHC/16/40.COM/7A.Add and WHC/16/40.COM/7A.Add.2),
  2. Decides to retain the following properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger: