1.         Fortifications on the Caribbean Side of Panama: Portobelo-San Lorenzo (Panama) (C 135)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1980

Criteria  (i)(iv)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger    2012-present

Threats for which the property was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger

Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger

Adopted, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/4763

Corrective measures identified

Adopted, see https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/4763 

Timeframe for the implementation of the corrective measures

Adopted, see https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/4763

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/135/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1980-1993)
Total amount approved: USD 76,800
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/135/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

N/A

Previous monitoring missions

November 2001: joint World Heritage Centre / ICOMOS Reactive Monitoring mission; March 2010: joint World Heritage Centre / ICOMOS Reactive Monitoring mission; February 2014: ICOMOS Advisory mission.

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/135/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2016

On 29 January 2016, the State Party submitted a state of conservation report, available at https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/135/documents/ and which provides progress on a number of issues.

The report provides a comprehensive analysis of the past decisions, the Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger (DSOCR) and corrective measures adopted by Decision 36 COM 7B.102. It states that due to various circumstances, the State Party was unable to implement the corrective measures within the established timeframe 2012-2015 and that it is now committed to implement the corrective measures in the timeframe 2016-2019.

The State Party ensures that while the management of the property is entrusted to the Patronato de Portobelo y San Lorenzo, the National Institute for Culture (INAC) remains the responsible national institution and that it will closely monitor the implementation of the corrective measures.

As for the factors affecting the property that substantiated the inscription of the property on the List of World Heritage in Danger, the report states that following the ICOMOS Advisory mission in 2014, a number of measures were implemented such as the preparation of an Emergency Plan, the adoption of the law that allocates State funding to the Patronato de Portobelo y San Lorenzo and the delimitation of the property components.

The report also presents a detailed strategy, programme and timeframe for the implementation of the corrective measures organized around four groups, as follows:

  1. Emergency Plan: budget allocation and implementation of urgent consolidation works as defined in Emergency Plan of 2014;
  2. National Laws and policies: identification of buffer zone at Portobelo and legal definition of boundaries of World Heritage property components and their buffer zones;
  3. Management Plans/Master Plans: update of the management plan of 2013 for the period 2018-2022; annual plans for the consolidation and conservation programmes;
  4. Operational and Participatory Management System: reactivation of the National Commission of World Heritage; approval of the territorial and urban development plans; inter-institutional arrangements for their implementation.

The timeframe is established for a three-year period as follows:

Finally, the report includes a very detailed report on the activities implemented by the Patronato in 2015 and those programmed for 2016.

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

The previous Committee Decision 39 COM 7A.46 expressed very serious concern about the progress made in the implementation of the corrective measures. While it remains regrettable that the timeframe 2012-2015 established by the Committee was not respected, it is now encouraging to note the well-structured strategy, programme and work plan that is submitted for the period 2016-2019.

The State Party report confirms in clear terms the commitment of the national authorities and institutions for cultural heritage and the Patronato de Portobelo y San Lorenzo to implement this programme.

It is therefore recommended that the Committee appreciate the State Party’s efforts and urge it to ensure the necessary budgetary, personnel and institutional provisions for the timely implementation of the corrective measures 2016-2019. It is also recommended that the Committee make a clear statement that, on the basis of the state of conservation reports the State Party will submit during the coming years, it will strictly monitor if the planned goals and activities are achieved and if sufficient progress is made in the achievement of the DSOCR.

Decision Adopted: 40 COM 7A.3

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC/16/40.COM/7A,
  2. Recalling Decision 39 COM 7A.46, adopted at its 39th session (Bonn, 2015),
  3. While regretting that the set of corrective measures adopted at the time of inscription of the property on the List of World Heritage in Danger was not implemented within the timeframe 2012-2015, appreciates the State Party’s renewed commitment to take all necessary measures for the proper conservation and management of the property;
  4. Welcomes the strategy, programme and timeframe that are now submitted by the State Party that will ensure the implementation of the corrective measures in the period 2016-2019 with the aim of achieving the Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger (DSOCR) in 2019;
  5. Urges the State Party to take all the necessary legal, institutional, managerial and financial measures to ensure the full implementation of the corrective measures and to inform the Committee in its annual reports on the progress made;
  6. Requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2017, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 41st session in 2017;
  7. Decides to retain the Fortifications on the Caribbean Side of Panama: Portobelo-San Lorenzo (Panama) on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

Decision Adopted: 40 COM 8C.2

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined the state of conservation reports of properties inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger (WHC/16/40.COM/7A, WHC/16/40.COM/7A.Add and WHC/16/40.COM/7A.Add.2),
  2. Decides to retain the following properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger: