1.         Budapest, including the Banks of the Danube, the Buda Castle Quarter and Andrássy Avenue (Hungary) (C 400bis)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1987

Criteria  (ii)(iv)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/400/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved: USD 0
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/400/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

Total amount provided: 800 million HUF (ca. 2.7 million EUR) EU support for the “Street of Culture” project 

Previous monitoring missions

March 2005: World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS Advisory mission; November 2007: ICOMOS Advisory mission; February 2013: joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS Reactive Monitoring mission.

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/400/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2015

On 30 January 2015, the State Party submitted a state of conservation report, which is available at https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/400/documents. Progress on a number of issues regarding conservation issues addressed by the Committee at its previous session is presented in the report as follows:

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

The State Party has responded to all the issues raised by the World Heritage Committee and has supplied information about the protection of the property.

It was noted that the Parliament at the recommendation of the government amended Act LXIV of 2001 and its related regulations, as well as that the Gyula National Heritage Preservation and Property Management Center, operating as a mid-level governing body for heritage preservation, provides expert opinions on certain types of procedures affecting the World Heritage area. However, it is still unclear if the appropriate restrictive regulations and rules for concluding agreements by the Municipalities with partners (a Partnership Plan), prior to making town development or regulatory plans, have been established in order to prevent serious deterioration of architectural and urban coherence.

It is noted that progress is now being made on the Management Plan during which process the proposed enlargement of the buffer zone will be examined. 

It is recommended that the Committee commend the State Party for the establishment of the “Historic Property Threat Map” and the Műemlékőr (Monument Watch) programme. However no details were provided on when the map is due for completion. It is also recommended that the map be completed as part of the development of the property’s Management Plan to develop a prioritized works program and framework or action.

The progress made by the authorities and in particular those concerning renovation of historic buildings to prevent further deterioration of the Jewish quarter and Becsi Street is noted.

The State Party provided additional information on the rehabilitation and partial reconstruction of the Royal Castle Garden Pavilions, in the Buda Castle Quarter, including Multipurpose Hall, Exhibit Spaces, Urban Garden and Underground Parking Garage and the Kossuth Square development project with a three-level underground garage and a visitors center projects.

It is noted that a preventive archaeological excavation, as well as all relevant protection measures, including a mobile steel door and mobile aluminum flood protection gate, were accomplished by the authorities within the framework of the Kossuth Square development project.

However, the State Party did not submit HIAs for these projects as it was requested by the Committee. The 2013 Reactive Monitoring mission had reservations on the variety of new services for transport and access planned within the Royal Castle Garden Pavilions to overcome the height differences between the riverside and Royal Palace complexes, and recommended to submit an alternative solution to the World Heritage Centre for review. Regarding the project at Kossuth Square, the mission recommended that the State Party submit detailed reports concerning soils, geology and hydrology. It is recommended that the Committee express its concern that the State Party completed these projects without consulting the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies and without taking into account the decision of the Committee.

ICOMOS has made an initial assessment of the HIA for the Liget Budapest project which is currently in the design competition stage. It is recommended that before a final assessment can be made on the impacts of this project on heritage, the State Party submits the final designs and plans for the project so that a comprehensive evaluation of the impacts can be undertaken. It is finally recommended that the Committee take note of the steps taken by the State Party to improve the protection of all components of the property and its buffer zone and may request that it implements all relevant measures and plans, defining appropriate degrees of intervention for each element of the property, to support the appropriate implementation of its decisions in order to prevent any threats to its Outstanding Universal Value (OUV).

Decision Adopted: 39 COM 7B.79

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC-15/39.COM/7B,
  2. Recalling Decision 37 COM 7B.76, adopted at its 37th session (Phnom Penh, 2013),
  3. Welcomes the efforts made by the State Party to improve the protection of all components of the property and its buffer zone and encourages it to sustain these efforts and secure the necessary resources to ensure that no demolition, inappropriate development or deterioration of historic buildings which could constitute a threat to the property, occur in the property and its buffer zone;
  4. Requests the State Party to finalize, as soon as possible, the Management Plan of the property, including details of the protective measures and reference to decision making framework in regulatory regimes, and submit it to the World Heritage Centre for review by the Advisory Bodies;
  5. Also encourages the State Party to continue the work on the proposed enlargement of the buffer zone;
  6. Notes that the State Party has completed the Royal Garden Bazaar project and the Kossuth Square development project within the property and requests the State Party to provide a detailed report on the implementation of these projects;
  7. Also requests the State Party to submit the final designs and plans for the Liget Budapest project for evaluation by the World Heritage Centre and Advisory Bodies prior to the commencement of the construction phase of the project;
  8. Further requests the State Party to continue its efforts to implement the remaining recommendations of the 2013 Reactive Monitoring mission;
  9. Requests furthermore the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 December 2016, an updated report, including a 1-page executive summary, on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 41st session in 2017.