Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg (Austria) (C 784)
Year of inscription on the World Heritage List 1996
Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger N/A
Previous Committee Decisions see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/784/documents/
Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved: USD 0
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/784/assistance/
UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds
Previous monitoring missions
January 2009: joint World Heritage Centre / ICOMOS Reactive Monitoring mission; April 2013: ICOMOS Advisory mission
Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports
- Urban development pressure, high-rise projects
- Hydroelectric power station Salzburg-Lehen
- Train station project outside the buffer zone
- Integrated approach towards management
Illustrative material see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/784/
Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2015
On 10 February 2015, the State Party submitted a state of conservation report, which is available at https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/784/documents and addresses the recommendations of the World Heritage Committee as follows:
- Residential Area Dr.Franz-Rehrl Platz (Residential Buildings City Life Rehrlplatz): The Heritage Impact Assessment (HIA) was carried out. Following consultations with ICOMOS International and the local population, the project was revised and amended by the Municipal Council in mid-2014. The project construction permit was submitted in February 2015.
- Modification of development projects: Of the three projects for which the Committee requested modifications, in line with the 2013 mission report, information has been provided on :
- Project at Schwarzstrasse 45 / Ernest-Thunstr. 2: The City of Salzburg tried to discuss with the developer a reduction of the height by one floor of the seven storey building, however the developer filed a suit in the Constitutional Court as the construction plan had already been authorized. No update has been provided on the requested re-design.
- The Nelböck Viaduct Rainerstrasse / Bahnhofsvorplatz: No information has been provided regarding the request to abandon a building of 16 metres above the permitted height limit.
- Residential Building Priesterhausgarten: It is reported that the architectural competition has been concluded. There is no mention of the mission recommendation to reverse or substantially reduce development in this former important early Baroque garden.
- Other projects: Details are provided on eleven other projects within the property and five in the buffer zone. The following three were the subject of recommendations by the 2013 mission:
- Public Indoor Swimming Pool Paracelsusbad: The tender for obtaining building permission for this pool is not expected before the end of 2015. There is no mention of the need to reduce the height of the proposed building or to respect the recommendations of ICOMOS Austria which were considered by the mission.
- Enlargement of the Parking Area Mönchsberggaragen: It is reported that an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) has been initiated and the project’s compatibility with the World Heritage status was considered unproblematic by the Advisory mission in 2013. New exits are now being considered.
- Revision of draft Management Plan: A project to revise the plan was launched in December 2014 and should be completed by mid-2015. A new structure has been put in place for the property, however no further details have been provided. It is also reported that ICOMOS Austria will formally monitor development within the property and its wider setting and provide advice to the City of Salzburg.
- Legislative and planning mechanisms: The boundary of Protection Zone 1 has been brought into line with the boundary of the property.
Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM
Although it is stated that the Residential Area Dr. Franz-Rehrl-Platz project has been amended taking into account the recommendations made by ICOMOS International and the local population, ICOMOS International has not been formally involved in the discussions concerning the amendment of the project. No details have been received of the final plans that have been submitted for planning permission.
No information has been provided on whether the proposed Nelböck Viaduct Rainerstrasse / Bahnhofsvorplatz project next to the central station has been reduced in height, as requested by the Committee.
Third parties have provided further details on the Ernst-Thun Strasse project, which have been shared with the State Party. According to the information provided, permission has been granted for a modified version that would nearly address the mission’s concerns and the Committee’s requests. As the developer is not satisfied with this, an application has been made for a third version, which is only a very slight variation on the original project. Meanwhile, work has started on the underground elements of the original plans. The original project has drawn much criticism from local residents, 27,000 of whom have signed a petition.
For the Residential Building Priesterhausgarten and the Public Indoor Swimming Pool Paracelsusbad, it is not clear whether the recommendations of the mission have been followed.
While it is also noted that the administrative and organizational structure of the World Heritage affairs of Salzburg have been changed, it will be important to receive information as to how the changes strengthen the management of the property and improve the consultation and coordination processes between the different authorities.
With regard to the Management Plan, it is noted that the process for revision which is an outstanding issue since 2009, is expected to be completed by mid-2015. Apart from aligning the boundary of the Protective Zone 1 with the boundary of the property, no further progress has been reported concerning strengthening legislative and planning mechanisms through the development of a comprehensive urban land-use plan, as recommended by the mission.
Difficulties in controlling developments which can threaten the Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) of the property will persist until adequate planning and management mechanisms are put in place.
Decision Adopted: 39 COM 7B.76
The World Heritage Committee,
- Having examined Document WHC-15/39.COM/7B,
- Recalling Decision 37 COM 7B.72, adopted at its 37th session (Phnom Penh, 2013),
- Notes that amendments have been made to the proposed new development at Residential Area Dr.Franz-Rehrl Platz (Residential Buildings City Life Rehrlplatz) and requests the State Party to submit copies of the final plans to the World Heritage Centre for review;
- Also notes that the recommendations of the World Heritage Committee in relation to the new development at Schwarzstrasse 45 / Ernest-Thunstr. 2 have not been implemented and that this case is currently pending in court;
- Also requests the State Party to provide information on the Nelböck Viaduct Rainerstrasse / Bahnhofsvorplatz project as well as details on the Residential Building Priesterhausgarten and the Public Indoor Swimming Pool, Paracelsusbad with regard to the implementation of the recommendations of the 2013 mission;
- Further notes that steps have been taken to harmonize the boundary of the property with the Protection zone I and that the revision of the Management Plan should be completed by mid-2015, and strongly encourages the State Party to pursue to include provisions in the Management Plan to ensure adequate protection and conservation of all attributes which convey the Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) of the property and its setting;
- Reiterates its concern about the apparent lack of adequate legislative and planning mechanisms to protect the property from the various proposed urban and infrastructure developments and further requests the State Party to:
- develop a comprehensive urban land use plan which includes provisions for protection mechanisms and regulatory measures to ensure the adequate protection and control of the property and its landscape setting,
- strengthen legal mechanisms for the protection of monuments in their setting,
- carry out Heritage Impact Assessments (HIAs) for all major projects which may threaten the OUV for the property, in conformity with the ICOMOS Guidelines on HIAs for World Heritage cultural properties;
- implement the recommendations of the 2013 ICOMOS Advisory mission;
- Requests furthermore the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 December 2016, an updated report, including a 1-page executive summary, on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 41st session in 2017.