1.         Group of Monuments at Hampi (India) (C 241bis)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1986

Criteria  (i)(iii)(iv)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger    1999-2006

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/241/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 2001-2003)
Total amount approved: USD 92,370
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/241/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

Total amount granted: 25,000 EUR under the France-UNESCO Co-operation Agreement for expert missions (2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009 and 2011).

Previous monitoring missions

2000: World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS Reactive Monitoring mission; 2001: expert technical assessment mission; 2003 and 2004: World Heritage Centre and expert Advisory missions; August 2005: World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS Advisory mission; February 2006: World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS Advisory mission; January 2007: World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS Reactive Monitoring mission; March 2009: UNESCO New Delhi Office technical mission to the property. 

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/241/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2015

On 16 February 2015, the State Party submitted a state of conservation report, which is available at https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/241/documents. Progress on a number of conservation issues is presented in this report, as follows:

- Water-intensive agriculture in the immediate vicinity of monuments could create conservation issues.

- Heavy traffic on the state highway passing through the periphery of the property is a serious concern. A proposal for developing a new bypass to divert traffic from the property, as recommended in the Sectoral Plan - Master Plan, has been submitted to the Government of Karnataka.

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

Significant progress has been made toward the removal of the remains of the collapsed bridge, as well as the organization of an inter-services Workshop on “Site Management for Cultural World Heritage Sites – South Zone: Integrated Management Plan, Hampi” and the preparation of the IMP for Hampi World Heritage Site - the Action Plans for Priority Implementation (including nine Sectoral Plans). In order to consolidate this progress, the State Party should strive to finish as soon as possible all the Sectoral Plans and the process of prioritization and synthesis, and to officially adopt the IMP.

To be noted furthermore are the actions taken by the State Party to remove the encroaching structures previously constructed in the Hampi Bazaar area. In particular, the development of a strategy and action plan for the bazaar area, including necessary legal and planning tools to prevent any further encroachments at the Hampi bazaar, as part of the IMP Sectoral Plans (Master Plan and Rehabilitation for Hampi Bazaar) are positive improvements. Also welcomed is the Comprehensive Conservation Plan for Hampi World Heritage Area developed in line with IMP, which is a component of the conservation strategy of Virupaksha Bazaar.

The State Party has also taken steps to address the issues of seasonal flooding and solid waste management. Continuous follow-up and monitoring will be necessary in order to ensure the sustainability of these efforts.

The irrigation for water intensive agriculture in the area poses a threat, especially to heritage structures located in agricultural fields, which could cause future conservation issues.  However, the topic is sensitive because of the local economy’s reliance on these farming techniques. A strategy for managing this issue should be elaborated in close consultation with local stakeholders.

The Hampi World Heritage Area Management Authority’s proposal to mitigate the impact of heavy traffic on the property through the construction of a bypass to divert traffic should be welcomed. However, it is recommended that the Committee request the State Party to provide more detailed information regarding the proposal.

Decision Adopted: 39 COM 7B.64

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC-15/39.COM/7B,
  2. Recalling Decision 37 COM 7B.61, adopted at its 37th session (Phnom Penh, 2013),
  3. Notes the efforts undertaken to remove the remains of the collapsed bridge and welcomes the impact assessment study for the new location of the bridge;
  4. Also welcomes the development of the Integrated Management Plan (IMP) for Hampi World Heritage Site - Action Plans for Priority Implementation and urges the State Party to finalize all Sectoral Plans as well as an overall prioritization and synthesis and adopt as soon as possible the IMP for Hampi World Heritage Site;
  5. Also notes the progress made by the State Party to develop a strategy and action plan for the bazaar area, including necessary legal and planning tools to prevent any further encroachments at the Hampi bazaar, and the Comprehensive Conservation Plan for Hampi World Heritage Area in line with IMP;
  6. Requests the State Party to provide the World Heritage Centre detailed information regarding the proposed bypass to divert heavy traffic from the property;
  7. Also requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 December 2016, an updated report, including a 1-page executive summary, on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 41st session in 2017.