1.         Ancient Thebes with its Necropolis (Egypt) (C 87)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1979

Criteria  (i)(iii)(vi)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/87/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 2001-2001)
Total amount approved: USD 7,000
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/87/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

Total amount granted: USD 1,131,000from the Japanese Funds-in-Trust 2002-2004 and 2008 (wall paintings restoration in the tomb of Amenophis III).

Previous monitoring missions

2001: ICOMOS mission; 2002: hydrology expert mission; July 2006 and May 2007: World Heritage Centre missions; April 2008: World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS mission; May 2009: World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS mission.

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/87/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2015

On the 29 January 2015, the State Party submitted a state of conservation report, which is available at https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/87/documents/. The report only addresses some of the recommendations made by the World Heritage Committee at its 36th session (Saint-Petersburg, 2012) namely:

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

While the report provides a list of information concerning the ongoing and planned restoration and maintenance works at the property, no further details have been provided. It is not clear to what extent the activities listed constitute essential stabilisation works. No details have been provided on infra-structural projects, as requested by the Committee. Recalling the Committee’s previous recommendations and decisions, as well as previous reports highlighting the vulnerabilities of the property stemming from the lack of an integrated management plan, there is concern about the current situation.

Considering the lack of information provided concerning progress made toward the development of an integrated management plan and the seeming lack of a comprehensive policy for the property, it is considered that this constitutes a threat to the integrity of the property.  In addition, while no further information is available concerning the encroachments and construction activities mentioned in the report and highlighted in previous state of conservation reports, it is recommended that the Committee reiterate its request to the State Party, in accordance with Paragraph 172 of the Operational Guidelines, to provide detailed information on the planning and design of proposed and on-going projects, in particular those related to infrastructure development, for review prior to implementation.

Furthermore, due to the lack of detailed information and in view of the above mentioned concerns, it is recommended that the World Heritage Committee request the State Party to invite a Reactive Monitoring mission to the property to consider these and assist the State Party in elaborating the terms of reference for the development of an integrated management plan.

Decision Adopted: 39 COM 7B.49

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC-15/39.COM/7B,
  2. Recalling Decision 37 COM 7B.48, adopted at its 37th session (Phnom Penh, 2013),
  3. Noting the maintenance and restoration works carried out at the property, as well as proposed site development activities outlined in the state of conservation report,
  4. Expresses its concern about the factors affecting the property and the seeming lack of a comprehensive policy, which constitutes a threat to the integrity of the property;
  5. Urges the State Party to develop, as a matter of priority, an integrated management plan for the property and to reduce all interventions and development measures until such a plan has been developed and adopted;
  6. Reiterates its request to the State Party, in accordance to Paragraph 172 of the Operational Guidelines, to provide detailed information on the planning and design of proposed and on-going projects, in particular those related to infrastructure development, including Heritage Impact Assessments (HIAs), for review by the Advisory Bodies, prior to approval and implementation;
  7. Also requests the State Party to invite a joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS Reactive Monitoring mission to consider the above, evaluate the state of conservation of the property and assist the State Party in elaborating the terms of reference for the development of an integrated management plan;
  8. Further requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 December 2016, an updated report, including a 1-page executive summary, on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 41st session in 2017.