1.         Hatra (Iraq) (C 277rev)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1985

Criteria  (ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/277/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1999-1999)
Total amount approved: USD 3,500
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/277/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds


Previous monitoring missions


Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

major looting of Iraqi archaeological sites

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/277/

Information presented to the Bureau of the World Heritage Committee in 2001

Main issues: Poor state of conservation; Looting

New information:

A staff member of the Secretariat, accompanied by representatives from the Iraqi Ministry of Culture and the Department of Heritage and Antiquities, carried out a mission to Hatra in May 2000, to evaluate its general state of conservation.

Due to the difficult conditions that the country has faced over the last decade, the state of conservation of this very large site is particularly worrying. Among the main factors affecting the property, as stressed also by the Iraqi authorities in their periodical report, are the lack of maintenance, lack of trained personnel and looting. Conservation problems are also caused by the extensive use of cement in past restoration works, which in the presence of raising damp from the water table produces salts efflorescence damaging the original stones of the ancient buildings. Finally, the absence of an reliable survey of the site and its monuments and of regular monitoring prevents the definition of management and conservation plans.

The Iraqi authorities requested verbally assistance to train site staff in identifying conservation priorities, surveying the site, preparing and implementing a long term management plan for the conservation and presentation of Hatra.

The Secretariat intends to send a short expert mission to Hatra to identify the scope, modalities and estimated cost of a training activity to be provided to staff from the Iraqi Department of Heritage and Antiquities through the World Heritage Fund.

Action Required

Note: this report was presented to the Bureau for noting only.

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2001


Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM


Decision Adopted: 25 BUR V.281

V.281     The Bureau took note of information that the Secretariat had provided in the working document on the state of conservation of the following properties:

Noel Kempff Mercado National Park (Bolivia)

Morne Trois Pitons National Park (Dominica)

Huascaran National Park (Peru)

Lake Baikal (Russian Federation) 

Hatra (Iraq)

Hiroshima Peace Memorial (Genbaku Dome) (Japan)

Joya de Ceren Archaeological Site (El Salvador)

Cultural Landscape of Sintra (Portugal)