1.         Baalbek (Lebanon) (C 294)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1984

Criteria  (i)(iv)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/294/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1998-1999)
Total amount approved: USD 10,000
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/294/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds


Previous monitoring missions


Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/294/

Information presented to the Bureau of the World Heritage Committee in 1999

New information: In March 1999, the Centre was requested by the Lebanese Director-General of Antiquities to assist them in evaluating the restoration works of the Umayyads Mosque located in front of the Roman ruin. The Centre will organise an expert mission in June as a reactive monitoring of the site. The result will be presented to the members of the Bureau at its twenty-third session. As for the stone analysis of the Temple of Bacchus, the preliminary survey on the monument was carried out and the data was transmitted to laboratories in France. Upon receipt of the results, proposals for the protection of the Temple of Bacchus will be prepared.

Action Required

The Bureau may wish to examine information that will be provided at the time of its session and take the appropriate decision thereupon. For the Temple of Bacchus, the Bureau may wish to request the Secretariat to continue collaboration for the preservation of the monument. Finally, the Bureau may wish to remind the Lebanese authorities of the necessity of producing a management plan.

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 1999


Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM


Decision Adopted: 23 BUR IV.B.65

After having examined the report of the Secretariat on the protection of the stones of the Temple of Bacchus and the results of the mission carried out to evaluate the restoration of the Great Mosque, the Bureau requested that the Secretariat continues co-operation for the conservation of the Temple of Bacchus.  The Bureau also recommended to the Lebanese authorities that work should not recommence at the Great Mosque and no transformation should be envisaged.  It also recommended the Lebanese authorities to provide a management plan of the site before the end of September for submission to the twenty-third session of the World Heritage Committee.