1.         Nubian Monuments from Abu Simbel to Philae (Egypt) (C 88)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1979

Criteria  (i)(iii)(vi)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/88/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved: USD 0
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/88/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds


Previous monitoring missions


Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/88/

Information presented to the Bureau of the World Heritage Committee in 1999

Summary of previous deliberations: Not applicable except the following history of the International Safeguarding Campaign 1960’ – 1970’ for information:

The Campaign was launched to safeguard the site from the construction of the Aswan High Dam in Egypt, which would flood the valley containing the Abu Simbel Temples, a treasure of ancient Egyptian civilization. In 1959, UNESCO decided to launch an international campaign after an appeal from the Governments of Egypt and Sudan. Archaeological research in the areas to be flooded was accelerated. Above all, the Abu Simbel and Philae Temples were dismantled, moved to dry ground and reassembled.

New information: In early 1999, the Centre was informed that new structures were being built in front of the Abu Simbel Temples, which would seriously affect the value of the site. Immediately upon receipt of the news, the Centre requested the UNESCO Cairo Office to investigate the situation at the site. Consequently, the Office reported to the Centre on 29 April that the Egyptian authorities had ordered the constructions to be interrupted. On 20 May, the Office delivered further information to the Centre that the Minister of Culture had given orders to demolish the construction works of the building facing the Abu Simbel Temples. The Centre has requested the Egyptian Government to confirm the demolition of the constructions.

Action Required

The Bureau having examined the state of the conservation of the property, commends the Egyptian authorities for this speedy decision and recommends that an integrated management plan of this important and monumental site be prepared.

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 1999


Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM


Decision Adopted: 23 BUR IV.B.57

The Secretariat informed the Bureau that the structure erected opposite the Abu Simbel Temple for a sound and light project had been removed.  Consequently, after examination of the state of conservation of the site, the Bureau congratulated the Egyptian authorities on this rapid action and recommended the preparation of an integrated management plan for this important ensemble of monuments.