1.         Petra (Jordan) (C 326)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1985

Criteria  (i)(iii)(iv)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/326/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1987-1995)
Total amount approved: USD 79,500
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/326/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

N/A

Previous monitoring missions

N/A

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/326/

Information presented to the Bureau of the World Heritage Committee in 1996

The Centre was informed of the existence of different construction or road widening projects leading to the site, of the construction or the uncontrolled elevation of houses in the vicinity of the site and in particular at Um-Sayhun, with the aim of accommodating tourists, and the use of cement in the creation of tourist itineraries within the site and in particular for the stairway leading to the Djebel al-Khubta.

Finally, numerous juniper trees were burnt, with negative effects to the natural environment of the site. A mission to the site, foreseen for March, did not take place due to the change of government in Jordan. UNESCO has expressed its concern to the national authorities through its Bureau in Amman, and, by letter of 19 March, has informed the Permanent Delegation of the problem concerning the damage caused by tourists.

Action Required

The Bureau recommends that the Royal Kingdom of Jordan undertake the measures necessary to ensure the long-term conservation of the World Heritage site of Petra, and more particularly that it:

-        halt all projects for the construction of new tourist roads, and carefully evaluate the impacts of the road-widening project of Wadi Musa at Taybeth;

-        carefully evaluate the location of the water purification station;

-        prolong the interdiction of building authorizations for hotels until the zoning regulations as proposed by the UNESCO experts can be adopted;

-        halt all construction of new houses, as at Um-Sayhun, or the elevation of existing houses for tourist purposes and enforce the construction regulations;

-        prohibit the use of reinforced concrete in developing or repairing the site, such as for the stairway leading to Djebel al-Khubta;

-        protect the juniper trees and the vegetation of the natural environment of the site.

The Bureau encourages the national authorities to continue the implementation of effective long-term protection for the site, and the measures advocated by the Petra Management Plan of the UNESCO experts.

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 1996

N/A

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

N/A

Decision Adopted: 20 BUR IV.7

After having taken note of the report of the Secretariat concerning several problems threatening the conservation of Petra, the Bureau recommended that the authorities of the Royal Kingdom of Jordan undertake the measures necessary to ensure the long-term conservation of the World Heritage site of Petra, and more particularly that it:

- halt all projects for the construction of new tourist roads, and carefully evaluate the impacts of the road-widening project from Wadi Musa to Taybeth;

- carefully evaluate the location of the water purification station;

- prolong the interdiction of building authorizations for hotels until the zoning regulations as proposed by the UNESCO experts can be adopted;

- halt all construction of new houses, as at Um-Sayhun, or the elevation of existing houses for tourist purposes and enforce the construction regulations;

- prohibit the use of reinforced concrete in developing or repairing the site, such as for the stairway leading to Djebel al-Khubta;

- protect the juniper trees and the vegetation of the natural environment of the site.

The Bureau encouraged the national authorities to continue the implementation of effective long-term protection for the site, and the measures advocated by the Petra Management Plan of the UNESCO experts.