1.         Los Katíos National Park (Colombia) (N 711)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1994

Criteria  (ix)(x)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger    2009-present

Threats for which the property was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger

Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger

Adopted, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/4628

Corrective measures identified

Adopted, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/4628

Timeframe for the implementation of the corrective measures

Not yet identified

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/711/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 2002-2009)
Total amount approved: USD 73,000
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/711/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

N/A

Previous monitoring missions

November 2011: Joint World Heritage Centre / IUCN reactive monitoring mission to Bogota in lieu of visit to the property.

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/711/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2014

The State Party submitted a state of conservation report on 30 January 2014, which is available at https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/711/documents. The State Party report details progress towards achieving the Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger (DSOCR), as follows:

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre and IUCN

There has been significant progress with the implementation of the corrective measures. There is a well-documented and promising basis to ensure a future of the indigenous settlement within the property, compatible with both community rights and World Heritage status. However, user agreements remain to be negotiated and are likely to remain an integral and potentially contentious element of the future management of the property. The ongoing process therefore is fully adequate and of major conceptual and practical interest to the World Heritage Convention.

While illegal activities are not fully under control, the increased governmental presence at the property has considerably reduced illegal logging. The efforts to better understand and regulate fishing in the Tumaradó swamps and the Atrato River are likewise encouraging. Even though catch by unit of effort is reported to indicate acceptable catch levels, further agreements remain to be negotiated and complied with in practice.

No major projects are currently planned within the property, however impacts on OUV, as understood in the Operational Guidelines, do not require physical location of a project within the property. The information on the electricity transmission corridor between Colombia and Panama provided by the State Party does not permit any conclusion on its potential impacts on the OUV of the property. The ongoing Environmental and Social Impact Assessments (ESIA) conducted for this project should include an assessment of potential impacts on the OUV of the property, as well as the OUV of the adjacent Darien National Park in Panama, in line with IUCN’s World Heritage Advice Note on Environmental Assessment, and its results should be submitted for review by the World Heritage Centre and IUCN as soon as they are available.

The State Party has made important further progress with regaining control of critical parts of the property. The consolidation of management translates into a systematically growing compliance with the indicators set for the DSOCR. Funding and staffing levels have been increased and that additional support could be rallied through projects. While encouraging, this raises the question of the long term availability of adequate resources. It is recommended that the Committee request the State Party to make a clear commitment to the long term maintenance of the increased level of attention, funding and management in order to ensure that further progress in restoring and securing the OUV of the property can be maintained beyond the achievement of the DSOCR.

Recalling the recommendations of the 2011 reactive monitoring mission to the property, the State Party is encouraged to formalize a buffer zone for the inscribed property. Such a step would formally acknowledge that challenges and management responses to them cannot be strictly separated from the surroundings of the property, as recognized by the legal and policy framework in Colombia.

In view of the significant progress reported by the State Party towards achieving the DSOCR, it is recommended that the Committee request the State Party to invite an IUCN reactive monitoring mission to the property, in order to assess progress with achieving the indicators of the DSOCR and with the implementation of the corrective measures, with the possibility to make a recommendation regarding the possible removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger at the Committee’s 39th session in 2015.

Decision Adopted: 38 COM 7A.32

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC-14/38.COM/7A,
  2. Recalling Decision 37 COM 7B.17, adopted at its 37th session (Phnom Penh, 2013),
  3. Welcomes the progress reported by the State Party in the implementation of the updated corrective measures and towards achieving the indicators established for the Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger (DSOCR);
  4. Requests the State Party to make a clear commitment to the long-term securing of adequate funding, management and staffing levels, in order to ensure that progress in restoring and securing the Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) of the property can be sustained beyond the eventual achievement of the DSOCR;
  5. Encourages the State Party to formalize a buffer zone around the property according to paragraphs 163-165 of the Operational Guidelines , as a minor boundary modification for review by the World Heritage Committee, and as a means to further embed the conservation and management of the property into a broader landscape approach;
  6. Notes with appreciation the external support already granted to the property, invites the international community to further support the State Party to effectively address the existing and potential threats to the property, and urges the States Parties of Colombia and Panama to ensure enhanced coordination and cooperation between the property and the contiguous World Heritage property of Darien National Park in Panama;
  7. Also requests the States Parties of Colombia and Panama to ensure that the ongoing Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) of the electricity transmission corridor include a specific assessment of potential impacts on the OUV of the property, as well as the OUV of the contiguous Darien National Park in Panama, in line with IUCN’s World Heritage Advice Note on Environmental Assessment, and to submit the results of the ESIA to the World Heritage Centre as soon as they are available, in line with Paragraph 172 of the Operational Guidelines ;
  8. Further requests the State Party to invite an IUCN reactive monitoring mission to the property, in order to assess progress with the implementation of the corrective measures and towards achieving the indicators of the DSOCR, and regarding the status of the property on the List of World Heritage in Danger;
  9. Requests furthermore the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2015, a detailed report, including a 1-page executive summary, on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 39th session in 2015;
  10. Decides to retain Los Katíos National Park (Colombia) on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

Decision Adopted: 38 COM 8C.2

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined the state of conservation reports of properties inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger (WHC-14/38.COM/7A and WHC-14/38.COM/7A.Add),
  2. Decides to retain the following properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger:

Decision Adopted: 38 COM 8D

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC-14/38.COM/8D,
  2. Recalling Decision 37 COM 8D, adopted at its 37th session (Phnom Penh, 2013),
  3. Acknowledges the excellent work accomplished by States Parties in the clarification of the delimitations of their World Heritage properties and commends them for their efforts to improve the credibility of the World Heritage List;
  4. Recalls that the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies will not be able to examine proposals for minor or significant modifications to boundaries of World Heritage properties whenever the delimitations of such properties as inscribed are unclear;
  5. Takes note of the clarifications of property boundaries and areas provided by the States Parties in response to the Retrospective Inventory, as presented in the annexes of Document WHC-14/38.COM/8D:

ASIA AND THE PACIFIC:

EUROPE AND NORTH AMERICA:

LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARRIBBEAN:

6. Requests the States Parties which have not yet answered the questions raised in the framework of the Retrospective Inventory to provide all clarifications and documentation as soon as possible and by 1 December 2014 at the latest.

Decision Adopted: 38 COM 8E

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC-14/38.COM/8E,
  2. Congratulates the States Parties for the excellent work accomplished in the elaboration of retrospective Statements of Outstanding Universal Value for World Heritage properties in their territories;
  3. Adopts the retrospective Statements of Outstanding Universal Value, as presented in the Annex of Document WHC-14/38.COM/8E, for the following World Heritage properties:
ASIA AND THE PACIFIC:

    EUROPE AND NORTH AMERICA:

    LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARRIBBEANS:

    4.  Decides that retrospective Statements of Outstanding Universal Value for World Heritage properties in Danger will be reviewed by the Advisory Bodies in priority;
    5.  Further decides that, considering the high number of retrospective Statements of Outstanding Universal Value to be examined, the order in which they will be reviewed by the Advisory Bodies will follow the Second Cycle of Periodic Reporting, namely:

    6.  Takes note that the World Heritage Centre is in the process of harmonising all sub-headings in the adopted Statements of Outstanding Universal Value and, as appropriate, reflects name changes of World Heritage properties throughout the text of the Statements as requested by the Committee at its 37th session, and requests the World Heritage Centre to also update the size of the property and/or its buffer zone, as appropriate, following subsequent Decisions of the World Heritage Committee concerning Minor Boundary Modifications.
    7.  Requests the States Parties to provide support to the World Heritage Centre for translation of the adopted Statements of Outstanding Universal Value into English or French respectively, and finally requests the Centre to upload the two language versions on its website.