1.         Ruins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Ruins of Songo Mnara (United Republic of Tanzania) (C 144)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1981

Criteria  (iii)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger    2004-present

Threats for which the property was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger

Deterioration and decay leading to the collapse of the historical and archaeological structures for which the property was inscribed 

Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger

Adopted, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/1586

Corrective measures identified

Adopted, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/1586

Timeframe for the implementation of the corrective measures

Adopted, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/1586

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/144/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1983-2009)
Total amount approved: USD 46,340
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/144/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

Total amount granted: 201,390 USD from the Norwegian Funds-in-Trust for UNESCO rehabilitation project.

Previous monitoring missions

February 2004: ICOMOS mission; June 2008, March 2009, and December 2013: Joint World Heritage Centre / ICOMOS reactive monitoring missions.

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/144/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2014

A joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS reactive monitoring mission visited the property in December 2013 (mission report available at https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/144/documents/). Subsequently, the State Party submitted a state of conservation report on 27 January 2014. An executive summary of this report is available at https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/144/documents/. The report indicates progress on the following:

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

Significant progress has been made by the State Party in implementing the corrective measures for the property that included the development of the Management Plan and Land Use Plans, the operational management system, the establishment of the boundaries and a buffer zone. The results from the December 2013 monitoring mission that verified the progress in terms of restoration of heritage remains should be noted, together with the actions to halt sea wave erosion and the progress in planning tools for the property, which are expected to conclude by June 2014. The mission also noted that a strong relationship has been established with the local communities and that awareness has been raised with regards to conservation and protection needs.

It is considered that significant progress has been made in the implementation of the corrective measures and that the conditions that justified Danger Listing have largely been addressed. However, the State Party still has to comply with several measures to ensure the long-term success with regards to the protection of the property. These include the final definition of the boundaries of the property and its buffer zones, the updating and adoption of the updated Management Plan and finalisation of the Land Use Plans for Kilwa Kisiwani and Songo Mnara. The management structure currently in place needs to be maintained and reinforced, and resources secured to ensure the sustainability of conservation and maintenance interventions as well as the functioning of the management system. In addition, a sustainable tourism development and management plan needs to be drafted to guide current and future activities.

Given the progress achieved to date, the Committee may consider removing this property from the List of World Heritage in Danger. It might also wish to commend the State Party for the progress made in the conservation of the property.

Decision Adopted: 38 COM 7A.27

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC-14/38.COM/7A,
  2. Recalling Decision 37 COM 7A.22, adopted at its 37th session (Phnom Penh, 2013),
  3. Commends the efforts made by the State Party in the implementation of the corrective measures;
  4. Considers that the State Party has made considerable progress in meeting the Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger;
  5. Notes however that several actions are currently in planning stages, rendering the property vulnerable, and urges the State Party to implement the following:
    1. Finalize the process for establishing the boundaries of the property, of the buffer zones and their regulatory measures and submit, by 1 February 2015, a proposal for a minor boundary modification, in accordance to Paragraphs 163-165 of the Operational Guidelines , for examination by the World Heritage Committee,
    2. Finalize the updated Management Plan, including the formulation of a draft Sustainable Tourism Development Plan, and the elaboration of Land Use Plans for Kilwa Kisiwani and Songo Mnara and provide an electronic and three printed copies of the updated Management Plan for review by the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies,
    3. Maintain and reinforce the management structure and secure resources for its adequate and efficient functioning;
  6. Requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 December 2015, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, including a 1-page executive summary, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 40th session in 2016;
  7. Decides to remove Ruins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Ruins of Songo Mnara (United Republic of Tanzania) from the List of World Heritage in Danger.

Decision Adopted: 38 COM 8C.3

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined the state of conservation reports of properties inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger (WHC-14/38.COM/7A and WHC-14/38.COM/7A.Add),
  2. Decides to remove the following property from the List of World Heritage in Danger: