1.         Chan Chan Archaeological Zone (Peru) (C 366)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1986

Criteria  (i)(iii)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger    1986-present

Threats for which the property was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger

Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger

Adopted, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/4647

Corrective measures identified

Adopted, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/4647

Timeframe for the implementation of the corrective measures

Adopted, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/4647

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/366/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1987-1998)
Total amount approved: USD 118,700
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/366/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

N/A

Previous monitoring missions

1997: ICOMOS mission; February 2007: Joint World Heritage Centre / ICOMOS and ICCROM mission; November 2010: Joint World Heritage Centre / ICOMOS reactive monitoring mission.

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/366/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2014

The State Party submitted a state of conservation report on 6 January 2014, which is available at the following address: https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/366/documents.  Progress on the implementation of the corrective measures is reported as follows:

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

It is noted that the State Party has systematically undertaken measures to address the state of conservation of the archaeological heritage and to improve the management system for the property. However, the earthen architecture remains will always be vulnerable to the effects of weathering and other decay factors, but with the measures currently in place these factors have been largely controlled. With the update of the management plan, its continued implementation, and the sustained functioning of the prescribed arrangements, as well as the secure funding provided by the State Party, conditions are in place to ensure that the vulnerable nature of the property is adequately and promptly handled.

The commitment of the State Party is considered to have led to considerable progress in meeting the Desired State of Conservation and the adopted corrective measures. The last remaining issues are important to ensure the long-term conservation and protection of the property. Therefore, the updating of the management plan encompassing integration with municipal planning tools and the final approval of regulatory measures require continuing cooperation with the State Party to ensure that these recommendations are finalised. 

As noted before, the property will remain vulnerable but after 27 years on the List of World Heritage in Danger, the State Party, through its sustained efforts, have put in place management and conservation mechanisms to ensure that deterioration factors and threats are addressed. In light of these considerations, it is recommended that the State Party invite a joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS reactive monitoring mission to the property with a view to assess whether the implementation of the remaining corrective measures may warrant the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger.

Decision Adopted: 38 COM 7A.22

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC-14/38.COM/7A,
  2. Recalling Decision 37 COM 7A.38 adopted at its 37th session (Phnom Penh, 2013),
  3. Commends the State Party for its long-term commitment and efforts to address the deterioration of the earthen architecture remains of the property and to put in place a sustainable and operational management system to continue to handle decay factors and threats;
  4. Considers that the State Party has made considerable progress in meeting the Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger and in the implementation of the corrective measures;
  5. Notes however that the corrective measures, which are currently in planning stages, have to be finalized to ensure the long-term protection of the property and urges the State Party to:
    1. Finalize the update process of the Management Plan and other planning tools for the property at the municipal and provincial level and provide an electronic and three printed copies of the draft revised planning tools for review by the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies,
    2. Finalize the approval process of Law 28261 to ensure that the property is adequately protected from illegal occupation;
  6. Requests the State Party to invite a joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS reactive monitoring mission to the property with a view to assess whether the implementation of the above-mentioned actions may warrant the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger;
  7. Also requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2015, an updated report, including a 1-page executive summary, on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 39th session in 2015;
  8. Decides to retain Chan Chan Archaeological Zone (Peru) on the the List of World Heritage in Danger.

Decision Adopted: 38 COM 8C.2

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined the state of conservation reports of properties inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger (WHC-14/38.COM/7A and WHC-14/38.COM/7A.Add),
  2. Decides to retain the following properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger: