Cliff of Bandiagara (Land of the Dogons) (Mali) (C/N 516)
Year of inscription on the World Heritage List 1989
Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger N/A
Previous Committee Decisions see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/516/documents/
Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved: USD 98,640
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/516/assistance/
UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds
Previous monitoring missions
Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports
- Insufficient site management means
- Illicit traffic of cultural property
Illustrative material see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/516/
Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2014
The State Party submitted a state of conservation report on 24 March 2014, which is available at https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/516/documents/. It also submitted the annual report of activities (2013) and a report from the mission undertaken by the Cultural Mission of Bandiagara. Key issues reported on include:
- Management and conservation arrangements for the property, particularly limited funding for the functioning and implementation of actions by the Cultural Mission, have been strongly affected by the conflict in Mali over the past two years. Also, as noted in 2013, cultural tourism, an essential activity to sustain economic benefits and livelihoods for local communities at the property has also notably decreased. In addition, resources for continued maintenance have also not been secured.
- Acts of vandalism that affected the prehistoric sites at Toloy (in the Sangha region). The short mission undertaken at this sector identified impacts at two altars and collapse at one of the structures below the rock shelter and proposed potential measures to address this damage. It also reports on identified uncontrolled activities that can potentially impact architectural cohesion and impact the integrity of the inscribed landscape. No extensive information has been provided on these acts of vandalism to be able to ascertain at this stage what the impacts are on the Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) of the property.
- Some actions were implemented throughout 2013, largely centred on support of local economic activities, particularly with the organisation and structuring of the Koundou artisans and support for women involved in handicraft activities. Actions were also undertaken to reinforce the capacities of heritage committees.
- Priorities for the property include strengthening the role of heritage into local development programmes and the review of the management and conservation for the property to adapt it to new socio-political and economic conditions. This last action is to be carried out potentially with funding from the World Monuments Fund. A rehabilitation project for three villages in Youga and for the mosque at Nando was developed and it will be implemented in 2014.
Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies
Notwithstanding the limited resources available, the State Party has continued its efforts to manage the property. Resources need to be secured to implement maintenance actions, in collaboration with local communities, before the fabric of heritage locations deteriorates further. Maintenance endeavors can contribute partly to improving conditions. The consideration being made by the State Party in strengthening the role of heritage in development proposals is considered as a positive development. The review of the management plan will be a crucial measure to ensure that adequate heritage provisions are articulated with development planning and used as an opportunity to strengthen community identity and belonging.
Acts of vandalism have been identified and concerns have been expressed by the State Party regarding uncontrolled actions that can potentially impact the integrity of the property. A detailed report is needed to be able to ascertain whether impacts to the OUV of the property have occurred. Sustained monitoring at different component parts of this large property, supported by local communities, is needed for their adequate protection. The process to review the management plan should include the broad participation of different stakeholders so that regulatory measures are identified to better control potential new constructions and development to retain the delicate balance between human occupation and landscape preservation.
Decision Adopted: 38 COM 7B.60
The World Heritage Committee,
- Having examined Document WHC-14/38.COM/7B.Add,
- Recalling Decision 37 COM 7B.34, adopted at its 37th session (Phnom Penh, 2013),
- Welcomes the efforts made by the State Party for the management of the property;
- Notes that conservation and management actions are needed for different component parts of the property and that resources will need to be secured for their full implementation and calls upon the international community to contribute and support the State Party in its efforts;
- Notes with concern the acts of vandalism at the prehistoric sites of Toloy, requests the State Party to provide a detailed report on their effects and potential impact on the Outstanding Universal Value of the property and urges the State Party to enhance monitoring and protection measures at vulnerable sectors;
- Encourages the State Party to commence a participatory planning process for the review of the management and conservation plan to identify a course of action for interventions and to update and articulate regulatory measures and provisions to ensure that the adequate balance between heritage conservation and development is retained, and also urges the State Party to develop a sustainable finance strategy for the implementation of the revised plans;
- Also requests the State Party to provide an electronic and three printed copies of the draft revised management and conservation plan for review by the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies;
- Further requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre by 1 December 2015, an updated report, including a 1-page executive summary, on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 40th session in 2016.