Year of inscription on the World Heritage List 2003
Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger 2003-present
Threats for which the property was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger
Corrective measures identified
a) Relocation or cancellation of the dam project
b) Emergency excavations and protective measures against seepage
c) Establishment of a local management unit on the site
d) Preparation and implementation of a conservation and management plan
e) Protection and consolidation of fragile mud brick structures
Timeframe for the implementation of the corrective measuresNo specific timeframe has yet been set by the World Heritage Committee or State Party, which mainly depends upon the evolution of the situation in the country.
Previous Committee Decisions see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1130/documents/
Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved: USD 50,000
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1130/assistance/
UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds
Total amount provided to the property: USD 6,000 from the Italian Funds-in-Trust.
Previous monitoring missions
November 2002: UNESCO mission for the Makhool Dam project; January 2011: World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS Reactive Monitoring mission
Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports
Illustrative material see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1130/
Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2011
The State Party submitted a short report on the state of conservation of the property on 29 December 2010 in response to the Decision made by the World Heritage Committee at its 34th session (Brasilia, 2010).
The report indicates that the negotiations have continued with the Ministry of Water Resources to construct a jetty for the protection of the city which is expected to be concluded by the end of 2011. However, it reiterates that the construction of the dam has only been postponed and not definitely cancelled. Work has also continued on the restoration of the Tabira gate and the surrounding area; the conservation of collapses and cracks at the arch to stabilise it, in addition to removal of debris and consolidation of the debris. Additional interventions at the Ziggurat, temples and the main palace of the city are foreseen for 2011. No technical specifications have been submitted for these proposed interventions. The State Party also indicates that a management and restoration plan is in the process of preparation; no timeframe for completion has been provided. The UNESCO Office for Iraq has been assisting in trying to organise the reactive monitoring mission requested by the World Heritage Committee but at the time of drafting this report, no date had been established for the mission. Finally, the State Party requests that the property remain in the List of World Heritage in Danger as the conditions that warranted its inscription have not been addressed in full.
Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM
The World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies note the efforts made by the State Party in addressing the conservation of the property but wish to underline that its current state of conservation has not been comprehensively addressed, in particular the dam project that is still under consideration which constitutes a threat to the property. They also note that the Statement of Outstanding Universal Value, the identification of boundaries and the proposal for the Desired state of conservation have yet to be developed and/or finalised. They reiterate the need to carry out a reactive monitoring mission to ascertain present conditions and to identify measures for a holistic conservation proposal. They also reiterate the invitation to the State Party to submit an International Assistance request for the development of a conservation and management plan and the implementation of priority conservation measures.
Decision Adopted: 35 COM 7A.20
The World Heritage Committee,
1. Having examined Document WHC-11/35.COM/7A.Add,
2. Recalling Decision 34 COM 7A.18, adopted at its 34th session (Brasilia, 2010),
3. Notes the efforts made by the State Party in addressing the conservation of the property and encourages it to continue its work for the protection of the property, in particular the implementation of the identified corrective measures;
4. Requests the State Party to submit, as per Paragraph 172 of the Operational Guidelines, detailed and updated technical information on the proposed jetty for the protection of the property and on the conservation interventions foreseen for the property;
5. Invites the State Party to submit an International Assistance request for the development of a conservation and management plan and for the implementation of priority conservation measures;
6. Reiterates its request to the State Party to develop, in consultation with the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies, a proposal for the Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger, and to finalise the retrospective Statement of Outstanding Universal Value for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 36th session in 2012, as well as to provide a detailed map of the boundaries of the property;
7. Further requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2012, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 36th session in 2012;
8. Decides to retain Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat) (Iraq) on the List of World Heritage in Danger.
Decision Adopted: 35 COM 8C.2
The World Heritage Committee,
1. Following the examination of the state of conservation reports of properties inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger (WHC-11/35.COM/7A, WHC-11/35.COM/7A.Add and WHC-11/35.COM/7A.Add.Corr),
2. Decides to maintain the following properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger: