1.         Kyiv: Saint-Sophia Cathedral and Related Monastic Buildings, Kyiv-Pechersk Lavra (Ukraine) (C 527bis)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1990

Criteria  (i)(ii)(iii)(iv)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/527/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1998-2009)
Total amount approved: USD 44,720
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/527/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

N/A

Previous monitoring missions

May 1999: ICOMOS expert mission; April 2006: expert mission (Italian Funds-in-Trust); November 2007: World Heritage Centre information meeting for site managers; March 2009 and November 2010: joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS reactive monitoring missions; April 2013: joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS reactive monitoring mission.

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/527/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2014

On 30 January 2014, the State Party submitted a state of conservation report, available athttps://whc.unesco.org/en/list/527/documents/. The State Party submitted a draft Management Plan for review by ICOMOS.

The State Party acknowledged that some inappropriate high rise developments have had an adverse impact on the property’s setting and reported that draft legislation imposing a moratorium on high rise development within the property and buffer zone has been introduced. The State Party reported that a recently completed independent expert assessment of the Dneiper river landscape had been used in developing the Management Plan and creating appropriate zoning regulations within the property and confirmed that the Urban Master Plan has been completed. The State Party provided a summary report on a research project into significant views, panoramas and visual features of buildings, which included an assessment of the adverse impact of some recent high rise development, and recommendations for development control to protect significant views to and from the property including proposed height restrictions for new buildings in different zones of the property. A plan for a creative lighting effect to reduce the impact of the tall bulding on Klovsky descent is being studied.

The State Party also reported that in 2013 the Plan for Kyiv-Perchersk Lavra area was compiled with special reference to preparedness against landslide risk. The report lists the conservation projects undertaken recently, with an inventory of buildings in the property itemising their conservation status, and incorporates a progress report on the conservation of Varangian caves. In 2012 the plan for the Saint Sophia complex was compiled with an inventory of assets, incorporating monument protection zones and guiding conservation proposals. The State Party reported that plans are being developed to protect the buffer zone by the introduction of zoning, permitting only development appropriate for specific areas.

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

The progress made by the authorities and in particular those concerning conservation projects is noted. However, all documents, regulations and measures still require urgent validation and implementation to prevent any inappropriate development.

ICOMOS will provide a separate technical review of the draft Management Plan for the State Party. The methods for the implementation of the Management Plan and for the involvement of stakeholders and specialists are unspecified.

The importance of enhancing effective protection and management of the property, its buffer zone and setting, as well as of reinforcing its regular monitoring should be highlighted.

It is recommended that the Committee reiterate its regret that the building on Klovsky descent has been completed despite the requests made at its previous sessions, and its concern that, rather than by modifying its height, mitigation through lighting effects are now being considered. The Committee may also wish to reiterate its request to the State Party to reduce its adverse effect by demolishing constructed levels to an appropriate scale.

Finally, it is recommended that the Committee request the State Party to implement all relevant measures specified in its previous mission recommendations and Committee’s decisions in order to prevent any potential threats to the property’s OUV.

Decision Adopted: 38 COM 7B.33

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC-14/38.COM/7B,
  2. Recalling Decisions 35 COM 7B.112, 36 COM 7B.90 and 37 COM 7B.88, adopted at its 35th (UNESCO, 2011), 36th (Saint-Petersburg, 2012) and 37th session (Phnom Penh, 2013) sessions respectively,
  3. Acknowledges the detailed information provided by the State Party on the progress made in the implementation of its previous decisions;
  4. Reiterates its regret that the building on Klovsky descent has been completed despite the requests made at its previous sessions, and that, instead of modifying its height, mitigation through a lighting effect is envisaged, and also reiterates its request to the State Party to reduce its adverse effect by demolishing constructed levels to an appropriate scale;
  5. Urges the State Party to finalize and adopt documents, regulations and measures specified in all its previous decisions to prevent any inappropriate development and potential threats to the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (OUV);
  6. Also urges the State Party to complete development and ratification of the new cultural heritage legislation and the plans for the protection of the buffer zone, to complete and issue the Urban Master Plan, including zoning regulations with particular emphasis on the establishment of no-construction zones, strict limits to development rights, which should take into consideration the OUV of the property, its specific landscape setting, as well as important views and inter-visibility lines, and to implement the moratorium on high rise and inappropriate constructions;
  7. Encourages the State Party to continue its efforts with the finalization of the Management Plan taking into account the recommendations made by the ICOMOS technical review and to clarify methods of implementation, and requests the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies to advise the State Party on completing the Management Plan;
  8. Also requests the State Party to ensure the implementation of the Management Plan by a qualified management team underpinned by effective consultation with local stakeholders, specialists and conservation experts;
  9. Also encourages the State Party to continue monitoring, conservation and repair works within the property, and, in particular, the stabilisation work on the Varangian caves;
  10. Further requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre by 1 February 2015, a progress report, including a 1-page executive summary, on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 39th session in 2015.

Decision Adopted: 38 COM 8E

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC-14/38.COM/8E,
  2. Congratulates the States Parties for the excellent work accomplished in the elaboration of retrospective Statements of Outstanding Universal Value for World Heritage properties in their territories;
  3. Adopts the retrospective Statements of Outstanding Universal Value, as presented in the Annex of Document WHC-14/38.COM/8E, for the following World Heritage properties:
ASIA AND THE PACIFIC:

    EUROPE AND NORTH AMERICA:

    LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARRIBBEANS:

    4.  Decides that retrospective Statements of Outstanding Universal Value for World Heritage properties in Danger will be reviewed by the Advisory Bodies in priority;
    5.  Further decides that, considering the high number of retrospective Statements of Outstanding Universal Value to be examined, the order in which they will be reviewed by the Advisory Bodies will follow the Second Cycle of Periodic Reporting, namely:

    6.  Takes note that the World Heritage Centre is in the process of harmonising all sub-headings in the adopted Statements of Outstanding Universal Value and, as appropriate, reflects name changes of World Heritage properties throughout the text of the Statements as requested by the Committee at its 37th session, and requests the World Heritage Centre to also update the size of the property and/or its buffer zone, as appropriate, following subsequent Decisions of the World Heritage Committee concerning Minor Boundary Modifications.
    7.  Requests the States Parties to provide support to the World Heritage Centre for translation of the adopted Statements of Outstanding Universal Value into English or French respectively, and finally requests the Centre to upload the two language versions on its website.