1.         City of Cuzco (Peru) (C 273)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1983

Criteria  (iii)(iv)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/273/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1986-1997)
Total amount approved: USD 45,000
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/273/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds


Previous monitoring missions

October 1999: World Heritage Centre mission

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/273/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2003


The Municipality of Cuzco opened a call for tender for the renovation of the Plaza de San Francisco. The project includes the construction of an underground parking. The Secretariat requested information on this matter. On 31 January 2003, the State Party informed the World Heritage Centre of the decision to cancel the construction of the parking. By letter dated 25 March 2003, the Director General of Monumental and Historical Heritage (INC, Peru), informed that the draft Master Plan of the Historical Centre of Cuzco was being revised.


ICOMOS has studied the correspondence between the Centre and the State Party regarding the pilot project for the rehabilitation of the Plaza San Francisco de Asís in the heart of Cuzco. Following extensive consultations, it has been decided to carry out the following actions: archaeological investigation; environmental impact assessment; viability assessment, and identification of plant species in the Plaza. It is intended that the project will result in the creation of a green open space in the Plaza, together with the rehabilitation of the surrounding buildings.

One aspect of the project is, however, causing concern: the proposal to create an underground vehicle park beneath the Plaza. The Centre has requested the State Party for more information about this aspect of the project, which is seen as a potential source of traffic congestion in the streets leading into the Plaza. However, this information had not been provided at the time these comments were prepared, nor has the Master Plan for the Historic Centre of Cuzco, which had also been requested since there is no copy at the Centre. ICOMOS shares the Centre’s misgivings about this aspect of the project, and recommends that the Committee should strongly reiterate its requests to the State Party. 

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM


Decision Adopted: 27 COM 7B.98

The World Heritage Committee [60],

1. Takes note of the measures undertaken by the municipality to revise the draft Master Plan for the City of Cuzco;

2. Commends the State Party for its decision to cancel the construction of the parking;

3. Urges the State Party to finalize the Master Plan for the city of Cuzco;

4. Requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre by 1 February 2004 a progress report in order that World Heritage Committee can examine the state of conservation of the property at its 28th session in 2004.

[60]  Decision adopted without discussion.