1.         Historic Bridgetown and its Garrison (Barbados) (C 1376)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  2011

Criteria  (ii)(iii)(iv)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1376/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved: USD 0
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1376/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

N/A

Previous monitoring missions

N/A

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1376/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2012

The State Party submitted a report on 1 February 2012 addressing the recommendations of the World Heritage Committee at the time of inscription, specifically that the State Party implement a programme of studies and training on traditional building conservation, crafts and materials, and in collaboration with local tertiary institutions, and implement a programme of measuring and documenting all the listed buildings within the property. The report also addresses the request of the World Heritage Committee for a report on the implementation of the Management Plan.

a) Programme of studies and training in traditional building conservation

The report indicates that in November 2011 a conservator from the PonceMuseum in Puerto Rico was contracted to restore a statue, and also carried out an on-site training session for workers from the Ministry of Transport and Works and the National Conservation Commission responsible for the daily maintenance of statues. This expert has been requested by the Ministry of Family, Culture, Sports and Youth to submit a proposal to provide training on traditional building conservation in 2012. The Ministry is currently awaiting the submission of this proposal. It is also reported that the Ministry has started discussions with the Ministry of Transport and Works to extend this training to incorporate heritage building and restoration.

No details are provided on how this programme might involve collaboration with local tertiary training institutions.

b) Programme for measuring and documenting all listed buildings within the property

The report mentions that other day to day actions have commenced and are carried out to ensure the proper protection of the property. Most of these actions are set out under Section 4 of the property’s Management Plan; however no specific activities are mentioned.

The report indicates that a consultant will be appointed to undertake a programme for measuring and documenting 21 of the 115 listed buildings, and provides some details of the tasks of the consultancy: detailed multi-media information to support the maintenance of the listed buildings; support to the development of a planning process with respect to listed buildings located within the property; and to contribute to the sustainable management of the inscribed property. The consultancy will be divided into two phases. Phase one is expected to last six months. An overall budget of USD 100,000 has been provided, however, it is not stated when this work is expected to start. In the Management Plan submitted with the nomination, it is stated that fifty-three percent of the listed buildings are owned by the Government of Barbados and its various agencies, the remainder of the buildings – twenty-seven percent owned by private commercial entities, seventeen percent by private individuals, and four percent by religious organizations. The World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies consider it important that public and private properties are taken into consideration in terms of conditions of authenticity and integrity in order to avoid threats from future development or interventions.

c) Implementation of the Management Plan

At the time of inscription, the Management Plan had not been adopted or implemented. The report does not specifically address whether the Management Plan has now been officially adopted and the status of its implementation. The report provides details of the development control process currently in place and the legal protection – both of which were acknowledged in the evaluation of the nomination. 

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

The World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies note that arrangements are being planned for a training programme on traditional building conservation. They do, however, consider that such a programme should be led by an expert on traditional craftsmanship and building conservation in view of the concerns regarding the property’s integrity. They also consider that, as requested by the Committee, such a training programme should have links with local tertiary institutions, and that a national programme of studies and training in traditional crafts, material and conservation be developed in collaboration with local or regional universities and technical institutions.

The World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies also note the programme being planned to document listed buildings.

In terms of the Management Plan, the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies note that it is not clear if the Plan has been adopted and what is the status of its implementation. In the nomination dossier it was stated that the funds to implement the Management Plan will come through the annual budgets of the individual agencies involved, from the 2013-2015 Government budget, subject to approval, from the local private sector and from UNESCO international assistance. It is not stated whether these funds have been made available. The World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies consider that the adoption of the Management Plan, which was stated in the nomination as reflecting a paradigm shift in the Caribbean towards a more multi-disciplinary approach to management, is essential to ensuring that an adequate management entity for the property is in place, and that management is directed towards sustaining Outstanding Universal Value.

Decision Adopted: 36 COM 7B.95

The World Heritage Committee,

1.   Having examined Document WHC-12/36.COM/7B,

2.   Recalling Decision 35 COM 8B.42, adopted at its 35th session (UNESCO, 2011),

3.   Notes that a programme for traditional building conservation is being planned; and encourages the State Party to ensure that this is directed by experts trained in traditional building conservation and that there is involvement from local tertiary institutions through the development of a national programme in collaboration with local or regional universities and technical institutions;

4.   Requests the State Party to provide further details of both programmes, including timelines and to submit this information to the World Heritage Centre;

5.   Acknowledges the intention of the State Party to appoint consultants to undertake a comprehensive technical assessment of twenty-one specified listed buildings, and also encourages the State Party to consider enlarging its scope to include non listed buildings within the property;

6.   Also notes that there is no confirmation that the Management Plan has been officially adopted or implemented, nor whether the necessary funding for its implementation has been put in place, and also requests the State Party to provide confirmation of these;

7.   Further requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2014, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 38th session in 2014.

Decision Adopted: 36 COM 8B.65

The World Heritage Committee,

1.   Having examined Document WHC-12/36.COM/8B.Add,

2.   Adopts the following Statements of Outstanding Universal Value for the following World Heritage properties inscribed at the 35th session of the World Heritage Committee (UNESCO, 2011):

-  Ethiopia: Konso Cultural Landscape;

-  Kenya: Fort Jesus, Mombasa;

-  Jordan: Wadi Rum Protected Area;

-  Sudan: Archaeological Sites of the Island of Meroe;

-  United Arab Emirates: Cultural Sites of Al Ain (Hafit, Hili, Bidaa Bint Saud and Oases Areas);

-  Mongolia: Petroglyphic Complexes of the Mongolian Altai;

-  Viet Nam: Citadel of the Ho Dynasty;

-  Germany / Slovakia / Ukraine: Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and the Ancient Beech Forests of Germany;

-  Spain: Cultural Landscape of the Serra de Tramuntana;

-  Ukraine: Residence of Bukovinian and Dalmatian Metropolitans;

-  Barbados: Historic Bridgetown and its Garrison;

-  Colombia: Coffee Cultural Landscape of Colombia.