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Royal Palaces of Abomey

Factors affecting the property in 2003*
  • Management systems/ management plan
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
  • Storm in 1984 (issue resolved)
  • Need for a management and conservation plan for the site
International Assistance: requests for the property until 2003
Requests approved: 5 (from 1985-1997)
Total amount approved : 113,000 USD
Missions to the property until 2003**

April 1985: UNESCO mission; July 1995: experts mission

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2003


The World Heritage Centre has been informed by the Cultural Heritage Division of the Culture Sector of UNESCO of the rehabilitation work currently going on in the Royal Palaces of Abomey in the King Behanzin's Palace.

These activities include: inventory, drainage, earthworks, restoration, re-building of sections of surrounding walls on site, and theoretical and practical training for 15 craftsmen on: building and bas-reliefs, framework and roofing techniques, and maintenance techniques.

One of the Royal Palaces of Abomey, King Behanzin's Palace is not included within the perimeter inscribed on the World Heritage List. However, the authorities of Benin envisage requesting the enlargement of this perimeter in order to include this palace, as soon as it has been restored.

King Behanzin’s Palace symbolises and synthesises three centuries of Danxomè’s history, a history that shows relationships between Europe, Africa and America. 

Decisions adopted by the Committee in 2003
27 COM 7A.15
Royal Palaces of Abomey (Benin)

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Thanking the Government of Japan for their financial contribution to the restoration of King Behanzin's Palace,

2. Requests the World Heritage Centre and ICOMOS in co-operation with the State Party to undertake an evaluation mission to the property in view of preparing a report by 1 February 2004 for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 28th session in 2004 on the state of conservation of this property to enable the World Heritage Committee to decide whether or not to remove it from the List of World Heritage in Danger;

3. Decides to retain Royal Palaces of Abomey on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

27 COM 8B.2
Properties maintained on the List of World Heritage in Danger

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Following examination of state of conservation reports of properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger (WHC-03/27.COM/7A),;

2. Decides to maintain the following properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger:

  • Minaret and Archaeological Remains of Jam, Afghanistan (27 COM 7A.21)
  • Butrint, Albania (27 COM 7A.26 )
  • Tipasa, Algeria (27 COM 7A.17)
  • Royal Palaces of Abomey, Benin (27 COM 7A.15)
  • Angkor, Cambodia (27 COM 7A.22)
  • Manovo-Gounda St. Floris National Park, Central African Republic (27 COM 7A.12 )
  • Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve, Côte d'Ivoire/Guinea (27 COM 7A.4)
  • Virunga National Park, Democratic Republic of the Congo (27 COM 7A.2)
  • Garamba National Park, Democratic Republic of the Congo (27 COM 7A.2)
  • Kahuzi-Biega National Park, Democratic Republic of the Congo (27 COM 7A.2)
  • Okapi Wildlife Reserve, Democratic Republic of the Congo (27 COM 7A.2) 
  • Salonga National Park, Democratic Republic of the Congo (27 COM 7A.2)
  • Sangay National Park, Ecuador (27 COM 7A.13)
  • Abu Mena, Egypt (27 COM 7A.18)
  • Simien National Park, Ethiopia (27 COM 7A.3)
  • Rio Platano Biosphere Reserve, Honduras (27 COM 7A.14)
  • Manas Wildlife Sanctuary, India (27 COM 7A.9)
  • Group of Monuments at Hampi, India (27 COM 7A.23)
  • Old City of Jerusalem & its Walls (27COM7A.29)
  • Timbuktu, Mali (27 COM 7A.16)
  • Air & Ténéré Natural Reserves, Niger (27 COM 7A.5)
  • Bahla Fort, Oman (27 COM 7A.19)
  • Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore, Pakistan (27 COM 7A.242)
  • Chan Chan Archaeological Zone, Peru (27 COM 7A.28)
  • Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras, Philippines (27 COM 7A.25)
  • Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary, Senegal (27 COM 7A.6)
  • Ichkeul National Park, Tunisia (27 COM 7A.8)
  • Rwenzori Mountains National Park, Uganda (27 COM 7A.7) 
  • Everglades National Park, United States of America (27 COM 7A.11)
  • Historic Town of Zabid, Yemen (27 COM 7A.20)
Draft 27 COM 7 (a) 15

The World Heritage Committee,

1 .Noting that the World Heritage Site of Royal Palace of Abomey could potentially be extended to include King Behanzin's Palace;

2. Invites the State Party and the World Heritage Centre to study the feasibility of extending the Royal Palaces of Abomey to include the King Behanzin's Palace.

Report year: 2003
Date of Inscription: 1985
Category: Cultural
Criteria: (iii)(iv)
Danger List (dates): 1985-2007
Documents examined by the Committee
arrow_circle_right 27COM (2003)

* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.