1.         Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary (Senegal) (N 25)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1981

Criteria  (vii)(x)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger    1984-1988

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/25/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1980-2000)
Total amount approved: USD 209,607
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/25/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

N/A

Previous monitoring missions

September 2000: joint World Heritage Centre / IUCN / Ramsar mission

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Construction of a dam (issue resolved)

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/25/

Information presented to the Bureau of the World Heritage Committee in 2000

Previous deliberations: Djoudj Sanctuary was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger in 1984 (eighth session of the Committee) due to problems caused by the construction of downstream dams which interfered with the water regime of this wetland. Several interventions were made to maintain the water balance in the wetland, some supported by financial contributions from the World Heritage Fund. Due to improvements in the state of conservation of the site, the site was removed from the List of World Heritage in Danger in 1988 (twelfth session of the Committee).

New information: The UNESCO Office in Dakar, Senegal has informed the Centre of the invasion of a species of Hyacinth of the waters of Djoudj Sanctuary. An urgent meeting of the “Comite national de crise” was held on 19 April 2000 at the Ministry of Environment. Discussions of this meeting focused on the advantages of the mechanical and biological options (introduction of insects) for controlling the spread of the invasive species. The meeting decided to set up two separate commissions to study the pros and the cons of the two options. The two commissions were due to meet during 26 - 27 April 2000. UNESCO and IUCN Offices in Dakar are co-operating with the representatives of the Government of the Netherlands in Senegal who have expressed an interest to mitigate the threat posed by the invasion by the water hyacinth once the Government of Senegal has made its choice among the two options. The Centre is in communication with the Ramsar Secretariat on this matter since Djoudj is also a Ramsar site. The Director of the Senegalese National Parks, via his letter of 25 April 2000 has requested that Djoudj be included in the list of World Heritage in Danger, in view of the imminent danger facing the site due to massive invasion by the water hyacinth

Action Required

The Bureau requests the Centre and IUCN to co-operate with the State Party to submit a detailed report on the threat posed by the water hyacinth invasion of the Djoudj Lake. The report should include an analysis of the severity of the threat posed, remedial measures planned to mitigate impacts, a financing plan for implementing the remedial measures and the donor countries providing assistance to the Senegalese Government to protect the site. The report should also recommend whether or not the Committee needs to consider including this site in the List of World Heritage in Danger.

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2000

A joint expert mission by the Centre, IUCN and the Ramsar Bureau was undertaken from 14 – 22 September 2000. The report of the mission calls for urgent financial assistance to deal with salvinia at key points around the Park where defences are likely to burst under the build up of the plant. The Centre received a letter dated 18 August 2000 from the Director of Senegal National Parks in which he expresses great concern over the severe invasion of Salvinia molesta reported by IUCN to the June 2000 Bureau, which has so far invaded over 15,000 hectares of the Park and spread up to 70 kilometres on the Delta.  The Director reported that so far the State Party has been dependent on hand clearing of the species, with a lot of difficulties as the species spreads very quickly.  Attempt was made in June this year to use biological control methods by releasing plant-eating beetles provided by South Africa, but this has proven to be inadequate since the site requires large quantities of insects and also there is the lack of technical knowhow in biological control. IUCN reports that this invasive species has now crossed over the Senegal River and has invaded the Diawling National Park of Mauritania.  IUCN also notes that its Species Survival Commission has prepared guidelines for Invasive Species to be available at the 2000 World Heritage Committee meeting.  Some financial support has been provided by the Senegalese Minister for Tourism, the Republic of China, and the Netherlands through the offices of IUCN and Ramsar. The State Party will co-operate with the Centre to submit an Emergency Assistance request from the financial plan elaborated by the mission for consideration by the twenty-fourth extraordinary session of the Bureau. In view of the imminent danger facing the site, the Director of Senegal National Parks has requested that the site be inscribed in the List of World Heritage in Danger.

 

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre and IUCN

N/A

Decision Adopted: 24 BUR IV.B.38

The Bureau recalled that Djoudj Sanctuary was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger in 1984 due to problems caused by the construction of downstream dams that interfered with the water regime of this wetland. Several interventions had been made to maintain the water balance in the wetland, some supported by financial contributions from the World Heritage Fund. Due to improvements in the state of conservation of the site, it was removed from the List of World Heritage in Danger in 1988.

The Bureau noted that the UNESCO Office in Dakar, Senegal, had informed the Centre of the invasion of a species of Hyacinth in the waters of Djoudj Sanctuary, and that an urgent meeting of the «Comite national de crise» was held on 19 April 2000 at the Ministry of Environment.  Discussions at this meeting focused on the advantages of the mechanical and biological options (introduction of insects) for controlling the spread of the invasive species.  The meeting decided to set up two separate commissions to study the pros and the cons of the two options. The two commissions were due to meet during 26 - 27 April 2000. UNESCO and IUCN Offices in Dakar are co-operating with the representatives of the Government of the Netherlands in Senegal who expressed interest in mitigating the threat posed by the invasion by the water hyacinth once the Government of Senegal has made its choice between the two options. The Bureau further noted that the Centre is in communication with the Ramsar Secretariat on this matter since Djoudj is also a Ramsar site. The Director of the Senegalese National Parks, via his letter of 25 April 2000, has requested that Djoudj be again included in the List of World Heritage in Danger, in view of the imminent danger of the invasion of the water hyacinth facing the site.  IUCN  informed the Bureau that it is willing to support the action, drawing on its Invasive Species Specialist Group.

The Bureau requested the Centre and IUCN to co-operate with the State Party to submit a detailed report on the threat posed by the water hyacinth invasion of the Djoudj Lake. The report should include an analysis of the severity of the threat posed, remedial measures planned to mitigate impacts, a financing plan for implementing the remedial measures and the donor countries providing assistance to the Senegalese Government to protect the site. The report, to be submitted by the 15 September 2000,  should also recommend whether or not the Committee needs to consider including this site in the List of World Heritage in Danger. 

Decision Adopted: 24 COM VIII.22

VIII.22 Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary (Senegal)

The Committee noted the results of the joint expert mission by the Centre, IUCN and the Ramsar Bureau undertaken from 14 - 22 September 2000, which was examined by the Bureau. The report of the mission called for urgent financial assistance to deal with the introduced species Salvinia molesta. In view of the imminent danger facing the site, the Director of Senegal National Parks had requested that the site be inscribed in the List of World Heritage in Danger. IUCN highlighted the seriousness of the threat to both the environment and the economy of the region, and the difficulty of controlling the introduced species. The Delegate of Benin commented that the site is facing a number of threats as discussed by the Bureau, and that danger listing would be an appropriate step to be taken.

The Committee decided to include the site in the List of World Heritage in Danger, in accordance with the expressed wishes of the State Party. The Committee furthermore called on international donor support.

 

Decision Adopted: 24 COM X.4-5

X.4 Following the review of the state of conservation reports and at the recommendations of the Bureau, the Committee decided to inscribe the following natural cultural properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger:

X.5 The Committee did not recommend the deletion of any properties from the List of World Heritage in Danger.

 

Decision Adopted: 24 COM XIV.2

XIV.2 Requests for International Assistance

The Bureau met during the twenty-fourth session of the Committee after the budget for Technical Assistance for year 2001 under Chapter III was approved, to take decisions or recommend decisions to the Committee concerning international assistance requests. The attention of the Committee and Bureau was drawn to document WHC-2000/CONF.204/17 and 6 requests for decision by the Committee and 14 requests for decision by the Bureau were examined and took the following decisions. All decisions taken by the Bureau and Committee concerning these requests are listed below:

 

(ii) Technical Co-operation

Natural Heritage

No. 2001 - 459 Senegal

"Fight against Salvinia molesta in the Delta of the Senegal River at Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary"

Following the recommendation of the Bureau, the Committee approved a sum of US$ 130,475 for implementing phase 1 of the 3-phased mitigation project under the following conditions:

Furthermore, the Committee decided that this sum of US$ 130,475 be allocated from the emergency assistance budget for 2001 rather than from the technical cooperation allocation for natural heritage for the year 2001.

No. 2001-461 Costa Rica

"Education and Protection in the Conservation Area of Guanacaste at the Area de Conservación Guanacaste"

Following the recommendation of the Bureau, the Committee approved US$ 40,000 for this activity for covering expenses for educational (US$ 17,600) and protection (US$ 22,400) activities as proposed by the State Party.

 

Cultural Heritage

No. 2001-439 Cuba

"Continuation of the Consolidation and Rehabilitation of the Ruinous Third Cloister of Santa Clara's Convent of the Old Havana and its Fortifications site"

Taking into account the previous contribution to the renovation of the building of US$ 30,000, the Committee approved a contribution of US$ 35,000 subject to the State Party paying its dues to the Fund, following the recommendation of the Bureau.

No. 2001-446 Dominican Republic

"Study on Cultural Tourism in the Historic Centre of Santo Domingo"

The Bureau approved US$ 24,207 for this activity subject to the State Party paying its dues to the Fund and requesting the State Party to bear the costs of the secretarial costs.