1.         Chavin (Archaeological Site) (Peru) (C 330)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1985

Criteria  (iii)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/330/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1988-1998)
Total amount approved: USD 48,750
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/330/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

N/A

Previous monitoring missions

N/A

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

 

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/330/

Information presented to the Bureau of the World Heritage Committee in 1998

The National Institute of Culture of Peru informed the Secretariat about the delicate state of conservation of the Chavin Archaeological Site and the threat posed to it by the El Nino phenomenon. It was reported that torrential rains had occurred in early 1998 and that an imminent danger existed of flooding and infiltration of water in underground galleries. With the support of the World Heritage Emergency Fund (US$ 37,250 approved by the Chairperson on 3 March 1998), preventive measures are being undertaken, including improvement of the drainage system, construction of protective structures, application of cappings on the walls and filling in of old excavations.

Action Required

The Bureau takes note of the information on the emergency situation at Chavin caused by the El Nino phenomenon. It requests the Peruvian authorities to keep the Committee informed on the measures taken in this respect as well as on the impact of El Nino on the site. It also encourages the authorities to plan for long-term preventive measures and the stabilization of the site in the context of a comprehensive management plan for the site.

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 1998

In 1998, Emergency Assistance was provided to the Peruvian National Institute for Culture for taking protective measures at the archaeological site of Chavin against the possible impact of the El Nino phenomenon. The Emergency Assistance has enabled to improve the drainage system at the site and to improve the stability of the galleries in the temple, preventing their possible collapse.

The works at the site and a preliminary technical report from the expert who supervised the execution of the works show that this site had never been the subject of a specific conservation and maintenance programme and that the state of conservation of the major structures was very bad. The report identifies a great number of factors that possibly affect the site, such as climatic conditions, structural instability, topography, characteristics of the materials used in the construction, badly managed tourism etc.

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

The Bureau took note of the successful implementation of the Emergency Assistance for the site. It expressed concern, however, about the overall state of conservation of the site and encouraged the Secretariat and the advisory bodies to provide expertise to update the monitoring report prepared in 1993. This should enable the Peruvian authorities to draw up a project for the preparation of a comprehensive master plan for the site, making use of the expertise that has been obtained in the preparation of similar plans for other archaeological sites in Peru, such as Chan Chan.

Decision Adopted: 22 BUR V.B.56

The Bureau took note of the information on the emergency situation at Chavin caused by the El Nino phenomenon and that the Chairperson had approved emergency assistance to take corrective measures at the site. It requested the Peruvian authorities to keep the Committee informed on the measures taken in this respect as well as on the impact of El Nino on the site. It also encouraged the authorities to plan for long-term preventive measures and the stabilization of the site in the context of a comprehensive management plan.