1.         Sangay National Park (Ecuador) (N 260)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1983

Criteria  (vii)(viii)(ix)(x)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger    1992-present

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/260/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1985-1993)
Total amount approved: USD 58,500
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/260/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

N/A

Previous monitoring missions

March 1989: IUCN

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/260/

Information presented to the Bureau of the World Heritage Committee in 1997

At its last session (Merida, 1996), while commending the Park administration's (Instituto Ecuadoriano Forestal y de Areas Naturales y Vida Silvestre, (INEFAN)) actions and reports, the Committee reiterated its serious concerns about road construction activities, poaching and colonization, and its request for an Environmental Impact Assessment. The Committee requested Ecuador to provide a report by 15 April 1997, for consideration by the Bureau. No such report had been received at the time of preparation of this document.

IUCN has informed the Centre that it will provide a written report on Sangay for the Bureau meeting. A representative of Ecuador is expected to submitted a status of conservation report on Sangay at the World Heritage Workshop, to be convened during the First Latin American Parks Congress, in Santa Marta, Columbia (21-28 May, 1997).

Action Required

The Bureau, based on new information that may be available at the time of its meeting, may review the state of conservation of Sangay and make appropriate recommendations for the consideration of the Committee.

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 1997

At its last session (Merida, 1996), the Committee reiterated its concerns regarding road construction, poaching and colonisation and its call for Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) of the road construction project. The Bureau, at its twenty-first ordinary session in June 1997, was informed that colonisation in the Guamboya Valley and along the River Palora, and small scale mining activities had been stopped, a new management plan was nearing finalization and that several conservation projects funded by WWF had begun. IUCN is currently studying, with WWF, the feasibility for fielding a site visit to discuss and design measures for mitigating impacts of the Guamote Macas road construction projects and other threats to the integrity of Sangay.

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre and IUCN

N/A

Decision Adopted: 21 BUR IV.A.5

 The Bureau recalled that the Committee at its twentieth session, commended the Park administration's (Instituto Ecuadoriano Forestal y de Areas Naturales y Vida Silvestre, (INEFAN)) actions and reports, but reiterated its serious concerns about road construction activities, poaching and colonization, and recalled its request for an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA). The Bureau noted that INEFAN has submitted a report to the Centre that identifies the Guamote Macas road construction to be the main problem and that colonisation in the Guamboya valley and along the River Palora, and small-scale mining activities have been stopped. The new management plan is close to finalization and government institutions and NGOs have expressed interest in participating in its implementation.

IUCN informed the Bureau that the implementation of a number of conservation projects at Sangay, including several funded by WWF and the European Union have begun.

The Bureau commended INEFAN for its report and action, but reiterated it's calls for an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) of the Guamote Macas road construction project. The Bureau recommended that the Committee retain the site on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

Decision Adopted: 21 COM VII.B.15

VII.15 Sangay National Park (Ecuador)

At its last session (Merida, 1996), the Committee reiterated its concerns regarding road construction, poaching and colonisation and its call for an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) of the road construction project. The Bureau, at its twenty-first session in June 1997, was informed that colonisation, and small scale mining activities had been stopped, a new management plan was nearing finalisation and that several conservation projects funded by WWF had begun.

The Committee decided to retain Sangay National Park in the List of World Heritage in Danger and urged the Centre, in collaboration with IUCN, agreement with the State Party and possible support from WWF, to plan and organise a site visit to address the problem of the Guamote Macas road construction and other threats to the integrity of the site.

The Delegate of Ecuador welcomed the decision by the Committee to field a mission to the site and stated that the construction of the road is currently paralyzed and that the impact studies still have to be completed.