1.         Complex of HuĂ© Monuments (Viet Nam) (C 678)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1993

Criteria  (iv)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/678/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1994-1994)
Total amount approved: USD 128,000
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/678/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

N/A

Previous monitoring missions

N/A

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/678/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 1995

The 8th Session of the Hue-UNESCO Working Group for the Safeguarding of Hue held in August 1995 in Hue attended by a number of international technical advisers, including Dr Adul Wichiencharoen, Chairperson of the World Heritage Committee, issued a set of recommendations upon a review of the activities carried out over the past year. Among the issues addressed was the threat on the World Heritage protected area by the increasing urbanization of Hue, fast becoming one of the major tourist destinations of Southeast Asia. The Working Group endorsed the recommendations of the Workshop on World Heritage Preservation and Sustainable Tourism Development-Planning for Hue, organized in May 1995 by the Government in cooperation with the UNESCO Bangkok Office and the World Heritage Centre with funding support from UNDP, Norwegian Development Agency (NORAD) and the UNESCO Regular Programme.

The Vietnamese authorities confirmed that the many projects for the upgrading and construction of new roads will not be affecting the World Heritage area of Hue despite numerous rumours concerning the upgrading of a road cutting through the site. The Working Group adopted inter alia, a recommendation to protect the integrity of the site and its surrounding landscape as a whole by redefining the boundaries under World Heritage protection for eventual submission to the Committee, as well as the promulgation and enforcement of strict building codes for not only Zone I but also for Zones II and III constituting the buffer zone.

The Geographical Information System (GIS) on the Hue Monuments established thanks to earmarked contributions to the World Heritage Fund by Soka Gakkai (Japan) and the Republic of Korea, will be expanded to cover the entire province of Thua Thien-Hue through a multi-bilateral cooperation arrangement with the French Government DATAR Mission in VietNam. The utility of the GIS as a planning and management tool was widely recognized and the limited training activities conducted by UNESCO are expected to be further developed by DATAR.

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

The Bureau may wish to recommend the Committee to express its concern over the impact of road upgrading and rapid tourism development on the Hue World Heritage site and commend the Vietnamese Government for the integrated development approach it is adopting to address both the safeguarding and development concerns of the region.

Decision Adopted: 19 COM VII.C.2.49

VII.49 Hue (Viet Nam)

The Committee noted with satisfaction the Secretariat's report on the considerable efforts made by the Vietnamese authorities in the conservation of the Complex of Hue Monuments and the achievements made by the Hue-UNESCO Working Group in revitalizing the International Campaign for the Safeguarding of the Hue World Heritage site.

The Secretariat reported on the formation by the Vietnamese authorities of an inter-ministerial coordination mechanism to monitor and ensure the safeguarding of Hue and the Committee shared the Vietnamese authorities' concern that rapid economic, infrastructure and tourism development could adversely affect the site.

The Committee took note of the strategic Workshop on World Heritage Preservation and sustainable Tourism Development-Planning for Hue, organized in May 1995 by the Government in cooperation with the UNESCO Bangkok Office and the World Heritage Centre with funding support from UNDP, Norwegian Development Agency (NORAD) and the UNESCO Regular Programme.

The Committee received with satisfaction the assurance from the Vietnamese authorities, as reported by the Secretariat, that the many projects proposed for the upgrading and construction of new roads in, around and through the Hue area will in no way intrude on or otherwise negatively affect the area protected as the World Heritage site.

The Committee expressed its concern over the future possible impact of road upgrading and rapid tourism development on the Hue World Heritage site and commended the Vietnamese Government for the integrated development approach it is adopting to address both the safeguarding and development concerns of the region.