1.         Borobudur Temple Compounds (Indonesia) (C 592)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1991

Criteria  (i)(ii)(vi)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/592/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved: USD 0
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/592/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

N/A

Previous monitoring missions

N/A

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/592/

Information presented to the Bureau of the World Heritage Committee in 1995

The UNESCO representative to the Third International Experts Meeting on Borobudur, held on site in January 1995 reported that the Expert Group expressed satisfaction on the state of conservation of Borobudur, which has been the object of a UNESCO International Safeguarding Campaign launched in 1972, although the site was only inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1991. The meeting however made, inter alia, the following recommendations:

(i) avoid any future actions or activities that would unnecessarily disturb the traditional appearance of the site, e.g. construction of park features that have little relationship with the local landscape, indigenous plant species; functions which would devalue the dignity of the site;

(ii) develop regulations to protect Zones III,IV and V outside the Borobudur Park boundaries against inappropriate new construction, etc;

(iii) develop mid-term (5 year) and long-term (10 year) strategic planning policies and programmes in consultation with appropriate national, regional and local authorities to identify and prioritize conservation measures; institution-building; quality and quantity of staffing level and their training needs;

(iv) review of information management system;

(v) develop tourism management policy to ensure protection of site and distribution of tourism revenue for conservation activities;

(vi) develop information material including multi-media material; and

(vii) further research and publication on stone conservation and biological growth concerns.

Action Required

The Bureau, having noted the outcome of the International Campaign Review Meeting, commends the Government of Indonesia, UNESCO and their partners for their conservation work over the past two decades and requests the World Heritage Centre to arrange with the Indonesian authorities, the most suitable modalities for the preparation of the periodic state of conservation report to be submitted to the World Heritage Committee in accordance with the agreed procedures.

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 1995

The state of conservation report on Borobudur and Prambanan, both inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1991 was submitted by the Indonesian National Committee for World Cultural and Natural Heritage to the Centre in September 1995 for the attention of the Committee. The systematic monitoring exercise was conducted by the National Committee in July 1995 together with the UNESCO Office in Jakarta as a follow-up to the request of the nineteenth session of the Bureau. The monitoring of the natural properties could not be conducted due to the tragic accident referred to above under Komodo National Park.

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

The Bureau may wish to recommend the Committee to commend the Indonesian World Heritage Committee for the importance it has attached to the systematic monitoring exercise and rapid completion of the state of conservation report on the cultural properties. The Bureau may wish to request the Committee to express their condolences for the demise of the four officials of the Indonesian World Heritage Committee whose dedication to the cause of World Heritage protection and preservation will strengthen the resolve of the Committee to uphold the spirit of the Convention.

Decision Adopted: 19 BUR VI.22

The Secretariat informed the Bureau that the Third International Experts Meeting on Borobudur was held on site in January 1995 and that the Expert Group expressed satisfaction on the state of conservation of Borobudur, which has been the object of a UNESCO International Safeguarding Campaign launched in 1972, although the site was only inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1991. The Centre reported that the meeting made, inter alia, the following recommendations:

(i) avoid any future actions or activities that would unnecessarily disturb the traditional appearance of the site, e.g. construction of park features that have little relationship with the local landscape, indigenous plant species; functions which would devalue the dignity of the site;

(ii) develop regulations to protect Zones III,IV and Voutside the Borobudur Park boundaries against inappropriate new construction, etc;

(iii) develop mid-term (5 year) and long-term (10 year) strategic planning policies ‘and programmes in consultation with appropriate national, regional and local authorities to identify and prioritize conservation measures; institution-building; quality and quantity of staffing level and their training needs;

(iv) review of information management system;

(v) develop tourism management policy to ensure protection of site and distribution of tourism revenue for conservation activities;

(vi) develop information material including multi-media material; and

(vii) further research and publication on stone conservation and biological growth concerns.

The Bureau, having noted the outcome of the International Campaign Review Meeting, commended the Government of Indonesia, UNESCO and their partners for their conservation work over the past two decades and requested the World Heritage Centre to arrange with the Indonesian authorities, the most suitable modalities for the preparation of the periodic state of conservation report to be submitted to the World Heritage Committee in accordance with the agreed procedures.

Decision Adopted: 19 COM VII.C.2.38/39

VII.38 Borobudur (Indonesia)

The Committee noted with appreciation the submission of the state of conservation reports on Borobudur and Prambanan, both inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1991 and commended the Indonesian World Heritage Committee for the importance it has attached to the systematic monitoring exercise and rapid completion of the state of conservation reports on the cultural properties.

With regard to Borobudur, the Committee expressed its wish to receive the detailed plan of the "sound and light" theatre at this site, prior to its construction in view of the important universal cultural values that need to be maintained at this World Heritage site.