Year of inscription on the World Heritage List 1989
Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger N/A
Previous Committee Decisions see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/506/documents/
Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved: USD 35,000
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/506/assistance/
UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds
Previous monitoring missions
Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports
Urban Pressure, Mining, Oil/Gas Exploration; Lack of management mechanism, (including legislation)
Illustrative material see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/506/
Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2004
The World Heritage Centre, in close consultation and cooperation with the State Party, organised a consultant mission from 20 to 29 June to Mauritania to analyse the documents concerning the Environmental Impact Study on petroleum exploitation carried out by the Australian petroleum company Woodside, in the vicinity of Banc d’Arguin National Park. It should be noted that at the present time 60,000,000 tons of petrol are transported each year along the coast of Mauritania (400 tankers). Woodside's activities would add a further 28 tankers to this number. The legal context with regard to environmental matters, within which the proposed development of Woodside's activities is foreseen, is based upon Law N.2000/45 concerning legal environmental matters.
This law foresees that a Technical Committee for Environment and Development (TCED) carries out an evaluation of the environmental compatibility and approves or rejects the proposed project. However, as the decrees for the application of the Law 2000/45 have not yet been approved, this procedure has not been initiated. Furthermore, the risk of environmental damage due to industrial activity has been recognized by Law N.2000/24 with regard to the Banc d'Arguin National Park (BANP). In fact, Article 8 stipulates that all development projects or work likely to cause negative impacts on the ecosystem of the Park "[...] must undergo an impact evaluation providing all guarantees of objectivity [...]". Thus, during the workshop organized by Woodside at Nouakchott in June 2003, based on this law, the company was requested to provide an Environmental Impact Study (EIS).
The project for the exploitation of the Chinguetti field, presented by the Woodside Company, foresees:
(a) the implementation of a Floating Production, Storage and Offloading System (FPSOS);
(b) the creation of 5 production wells and 4 gas reinjection wells;
(c) the installation of risers and flexible drainage pipes;
The installation of the Floating Production, Storage and Offloading System (FPSOS), permanently anchored to a tower, will comprise a big petrol tanker converted into a tanker hull with a capacity of 1.1 million barrels. Through a system of floating offloading pipes anchored at the rear, the oil produced will be transferred to tankers for transport to the final destination.
It is foreseen that the gas produced associated with the oil will be reinjected into an adequate underwater reservoir whereas the formation water associated with the oil production, will be rejected at sea at an estimated maximum volume of 75,000 barrels per day (data provided by Woodside). The greatest risk of accident to be considered in this type of activity is, without any doubt, that of an oil spill at sea. The Woodside Company is not, however, the only petroleum company operating in Mauritanian waters. In fact, two other companies are at present carrying out oil prospecting activities in areas even closer to the Banc d’Arguin National Park boundaries: DANA (independent British company) and the International Petroleum Grouping (IPG, an Anglo-Mauritanian company).
With regard to the environmental impact requirements that all petroleum companies operating in Mauritania must abide by, it should be recalled that:
(a) Woodside - according to information received, the company has drawn up the environment impact studies concerning the different exploitation phases carried out to date (seismic prospecting and well exploration).
(b) IPG - according to information obtained during the meeting on 27 June 2003 with the Director General of IPG, the company has already presented, during a public meeting, its environmental impact study regarding the drilling of short-term exploration wells. The environmental impact study was, at the same time, transmitted to the Ministry of Mines and Industry and a copy was provided to the BANP.
(c) DANA - apart from the proposal made to Woodside to drill the offshore "Thon" wells, it appears that the company, which is not represented in Nouakchott, has not respected the requirements foreseen by the law for environmental impact with regard to petroleum exploration activities carried out so far in 2000 and 2001
The World Heritage Centre has received the Environmental Impact Study (EIS) only from Woodside. This illustrates once again the urgent need to define and approve the decrees for application of the Law N.2000/45 so as to oblige the petroleum companies to submit the petroleum exploration activities foreseen to an environmental impact evaluation by the designated authority.
The BANP Administration should, on its part, encourage the identification and involvement of a recognized scientific structure which will coordinate the environmental monitoring programme executed each year by the Woodside Company and which will evaluate the results.
Finally, administrative action should be initiated to verify the possibility of modifying the sea routes followed by the oil tankers, or any other sea transportation of dangerous materials, in the event of an accident occurring in these maritime lanes which could have negative consequences on the Park. The procedure for the recognition of the Park area as a Particularly Sensitive Sea Area (PSSA) foresees the preparation of a technical document to be submitted to the International Maritime Organization. The State Party has not yet signed the 1992 International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution. The presentation of this documentation, which must necessarily be prepared in cooperation with the scientific staff of the Park Direction (who should provide the base document), could benefit from the availability of “Woodside” to provide the supporting material to the technical documentation. This cooperation could be part of the environmental compensation packet that the company must draw up with the Park administration.
A series of consultation meetings between the Centre, the BANP and Woodside were held during 2003-2004. The elaboration of a capacity-building strategy for national specialists should be studied during the Centre's reactive monitoring mission in June 2004, jointly with the World Bank mission.
Following the Committee's encouragement, the State Party has submitted a request for international assistance for the preparation of analysis documents and studies concerning petroleum prospecting.
With regard to the road construction between Nouakchott and Nouadhibou begun in 2003, the Centre has not received any information concerning the impact evaluation of this road on the Park, according to accepted international standards.
Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre and IUCN
Decision Adopted: 28 COM 15B.7
The World Heritage Committee, 1. Calls upon the State Party to approve, as soon as possible, the decree for the application of the Law 2000/45 concerning the environment; 2. Requests the State Party to proceed with the establishment of an Environment and Development Technical Committee (EDTC), technical governmental body responsible for the technical evaluation and approval of the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) as well as for verifying the application of the environmental management plan; 3. Urgently encourages the State Party to sign the 1992 International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution, enabling it to have access to the International Oil Pollution Compensation Funds (IOPC Funds), as well as to submit a request to the Marine Environment Protection Committee of the International Maritime Organization, responsible for measures to improve security in international maritime transportation and avoid pollution by tankers, and to obtain the status of Particularly Sensitive Sea Area" (PSSA) for the Banc d'Arguin National Park; 4. Invites the State Party to request technical assistance from the World Heritage Centre to elaborate the necessary documentation to obtain the status of Particularly Sensitive Sea Area; 5. Encourages the State Party to organize before the end of 2004, a meeting with all the actors concerned, in co-operation with interested donors to determine a capacity-building strategy for national authorities responsible for the implementation of Law 2000/45 on the environment and Law N.2000/24 concerning the Banc d'Arguin National Park (BANP); 6. Calls upon all the partners, especially the World Bank, to provide the State Party with all necessary assistance in establishing activities to safeguard the ecosystem of the Banc d'Arguin National Park; 7. Requests the State Party to transmit to the World Heritage Centre the report on the environmental impact study for the road Nouakchott-Nouadhibou and to submit to the World Heritage Centre the measures for the mitigation of the impact of this road on the Park; 8. Recommends to the State Party to oblige all petroleum companies operating on its territory to carry out environmental impact studies in conformity with international standards; 9. Further requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2005, a progress report on the implementation of the above-mentioned measures, so that the Committee may examine the state of conservation of the property at its 29th session in 2005.