1.         Cultural Landscape and Archaeological Remains of the Bamiyan Valley (Afghanistan) (C 208rev)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  2003

Criteria  (i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger    2003-present

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/208/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 2002-2002)
Total amount approved: USD 30,000
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/208/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds


Previous monitoring missions


Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/208/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2004

The Italian firm RODIO has successfully implemented the first phase of the emergency consolidation for the cliffs and niches. The National Research Institute for Cultural Properties, Tokyo, Japan, has begun conservation work on the mural paintings in the Buddhist caves as well as the preparation of a General Master Plan. The Japanese company PASCO has initiated the 3D documentation and mapping of the property.


Furthermore, ICOMOS, financed by the Government of Germany, is currently restoring a Sunni mosque and another building located in the vicinity of the large Buddha. The building is being used to accommodate security staff and to store equipment. UNESCO is presently organising the provision of adequate water and electricity supply for this building.


In addition, UNESCO is assisting the Government of Afghanistan to create a site museum to be located in a traditional mud-brick house, which is currently being restored through contributions from the Government of Switzerland.


With the aim to ensure the coordination of all safeguarding activities in Bamiyan, a second UNESCO/ICOMOS Expert Working Group was held from 18-21 December 2003 in Munich, Germany, in order to evaluate the progress achieved in consolidation, conservation and archaeological excavation activities. The experts attending the working group commended the consolidation method and work carried out by RODIO. They also formulated concrete recommendations for the follow-up and a work-plan for 2004 for the final consolidation of the small Buddha niche and the conservation of the remains of the two Buddha statues, as well as for the preservation of the mural paintings and the coordination of the archaeological activities undertaken by the “Délégation Archéologique Française en Afghanistan” (DAFA) and the National Research Institute for Cultural Properties (NRICP), Japan.

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM


Decision Adopted: 28 COM 15A.22

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Commends the State Party for its dedication to the safeguarding of this property;

2. Thanks the Governments of Japan, Germany and Switzerland for their generous contributions towards the conservation of this property;

3. Reasserts the need for the international community and various organizations involved in the protection of this property to continue their cooperation and assistance to the Afghan authorities;

4. Requests the State Party, with the assistance of UNESCO and ICOMOS, to develop a comprehensive programme to mitigate the threats facing this property, including the development of a Site Management Plan to shape future strategy for protection of the property's outstanding universal value;

5. Reiterates its concern over the significant and persisting danger posed by antipersonnel mines in various areas of the Bamiyan Valley and supports the request from the Afghan authorities that all cultural projects include funds for

6. Requests the State Party, with assistance from the World Heritage Centre, UNESCO Kabul and the Division of Cultural Heritage, to submit a report on the State of Conservation of this property by 1 February 2005 for examination by the Committee at its 29th session in 2005;

7. Decides to retain the property on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

Decision Adopted: 28 COM 15C.2

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Following examination of state of conservation reports of properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger (WHC-04/28.COM/15A Rev),

2. Decides to maintain the following properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger: