1.         Simien National Park (Ethiopia) (N 9)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1978

Criteria  (vii)(x)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger    1996-present

Corrective measures identified

(a) the realignment of the boundary of the Park to exclude the villages along the boundary of the Park;

(b) the extension of the Park to include at least Mesarerya and Lemalino Wildlife Reserves;

(c) significant and sustainable reduction in the human population density within the Park, especially within the core area; and

(d) effective conservation within the extended National Park of a larger population of Walia Ibex and Simien Fox.

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/9/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1978-1996)
Total amount approved: USD 233,171
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/9/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

N/A

Previous monitoring missions

N/A

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Agricultural Pressure; Logging; Poaching/Hunting; Lack of capacity in conservation techniques; Lack of management mechanism (including legislation); Lack of monitoring system; Lack of human or financial resources; Lack of institution coordination

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/9/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2004

At the time of the preparation of the document, the State Party had not submitted the report requested by the Committee at its 27th session to provide additional information on progress made on the state of conservation of the property, particularly in relation to the benchmarks for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger and other recommendations outlined in the IUCN/UNESCO mission report of April 2001.

 

However IUCN has received a report dated 12 March 2004 from the “Simien Mountains National Park Integrated Development Project” a project funded by the Austrian Government. This project operates in and around the Park focusing on five major issues: strengthening Park management; community based tourism development; agricultural intensification; natural resource rehabilitation and conservation and enhancing the capacity of communities and institutions. The report provides figures on the increase in the population of wildlife, specifically the Walia Ibex and Simien Fox. Numbers of Walia Ibex are said to have increased from 514 in 2001 to 558 in 2002 and to 579 in 2003, indicating a significant and continuous increase compared to the 1995 figure of 270. Simien Fox numbers show an increase from 41 in 2001 to 45 in 2002 and 2003, a significant increase from the 1997 estimate of 20 to 30 individuals. These numbers concur with the numbers reported in last years report by the State Party. IUCN is currently seeking input from the Canid Specialist Group of the IUCN Species Survival Commission to verify the increase in numbers reported.

 

The report notes that the construction and installation of different tourist facilities has increased the number of tourists, which in turn increases the income of the community in and around the Park. It is stated that the introduction of new technologies of crop production, vegetable and tree seedling production have decreased the agricultural expansion and deforestation within the World Heritage property and that awareness campaigns to inform local communities about the use of the Park, tourism and natural resources have created a sense of ownership and support for the Park.

 

The report provides no information with regard to other benchmarks set by the Committee at its 25th session, which are included in the draft decision.

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre and IUCN

N/A

Decision Adopted: 28 COM 15A.4

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Commends the Austrian Government for its support to the property through the Simien Mountains National Park Integrated Development Project;

2. Reiterates its request to the State Party to provide by 1 February 2005, a report on the state of conservation of the property for examination by the Committee at its 29th session in 2005, specifically on progress made in relation to the benchmarks set by the 25th session of the Committee for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger on the following issues:

a) realignment of the Park’s boundary to exclude the villages along the boundary,

b) extension of the Park to include at least Mesarerya and Lemalino Wildlife Reserves,

c) significant and sustainable reduction in the human population density within the Park, especially within the core area,

d) Effective conservation within the extended National Park of a larger population of Walia ibex and Simien Fox;

3. Decides to retain Simien National Park on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

Decision Adopted: 28 COM 15C.2

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Following examination of state of conservation reports of properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger (WHC-04/28.COM/15A Rev),

2. Decides to maintain the following properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger: