1.         Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls (Jerusalem (Site proposed by Jordan)) (C 148rev)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1981

Criteria  (ii)(iii)(vi)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger    1982-present

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/148/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1982-1982)
Total amount approved: USD 100,000
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/148/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds


Previous monitoring missions

February-March 2004, World Heritage Centre-ICOMOS-ICCROM

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/148/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2005

At the 28th session of the Committee (Suzhou, 2004), the World Heritage Centre presented a report on the state of conservation of the Old City of Jerusalem based on previous reports by the Special Advisers to the Director-General of UNESCO for Jerusalem, and on the report of the mission carried out in February-March 2004 by UNESCO, the Director-General of ICCROM and the President of ICOMOS (Document WHC-04/28.COM/15A).

This issue has been also examined by the Executive Board and the General Conference of UNESCO. 32 C/Resolution 39 (adopted by the General Conference in October 2003) reiterated “its support for the initiative announced by the Director-General at the 31st session of the General Conference to prepare a comprehensive plan of action to safeguard the cultural heritage of the Old City of Jerusalem”. Paragraph 7 of 170 EX/Decision 3.6.1. adopted by the Executive Board in October 2004, encouraged the Director-General “to continue his efforts for the establishment, as soon as possible, of the international committee of independent experts, highly qualified technically and professionally, entrusted with proposing the guidelines of the programmed plan of action and proposals for its implementation and to do so in consultation with the parties concerned”.

Therefore,the Director-General of UNESCO invited aCommittee, composed of twelve high level experts, to meet at UNESCO Headquarters on 26 and 27 January 2005. The experts first reviewed the factors affecting the state of conservation of the cultural heritage of the Old City of Jerusalem. On this basis, the experts defined the approach for UNESCO’s action and identified possible activities, stressing the need for immediate concrete and visible projects focusing on awareness-raising, community participation and capacity-building. A set of guidelines was agreed upon, providing UNESCO with a framework for elaborating the Action Plan. Based on the guidelines set and proposals made by the Committee of experts, and taking into account the level of resources which will be made available, the Secretariat has started elaborating the Action Plan, and will do so in close consultation with all the concerned parties. Thanks notably to financial contributions expected from the Governments of Italy and Spain, new developments towards safeguarding activities in the Old City of Jerusalem are foreseen in the near future.

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM


Decision Adopted: 29 COM 7A.31

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Having examined Document WHC-05/29 COM/7A.Add,

2. Recalling Decision 28 COM 15A.31 adopted at its 28th session (Suzhou, 2004),

3. Referring to 171 EX/Decision 18, taken at the 171st session of the Executive Board of UNESCO (April 2005), notably “affirming that nothing, in the present decision, which aims at the safeguarding of the cultural heritage of the Old City of Jerusalem, shall in any way affect the relevant United Nations resolutions and decisions, in particular the relevant Security Council resolutions on the legal status of Jerusalem”,

4. Reiterates its concern as to the threats to the cultural heritage of the Old City of Jerusalem, as stated in Decision 28 COM 15A.31;

5. Takes note with satisfaction of the continuing efforts of the Director-General of UNESCO in pursuing a comprehensive initiative for the safeguarding of the cultural heritage of the Old City of Jerusalem;

6. Welcomes and supports the preparation by UNESCO of an Action Plan based on the set of guidelines provided by the International Committee of Experts, as well as proposals for its implementation, in coordination with the concerned parties;

7. Requests the World Heritage Centre to report on the progress of these recommendations for examination by the Committee at its 30th session (Vilnius, 2006);

8. Decides to retain the Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

Decision Adopted: 29 COM 8C.2

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Having examined the of state of conservation reports of properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger (WHC-05/29.COM/7A and WHC-05/29.COM/7A.Add),

2. Decides to maintain the following properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger: