1.         Sangay National Park (Ecuador) (N 260)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1983

Criteria  (vii)(viii)(ix)(x)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger    1992-present

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/260/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1985-1993)
Total amount approved: USD 58,500
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/260/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds


Previous monitoring missions

IUCN missions in 1989, 1994 and 1999.

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Poaching, illegal livestock grazing, encroachment along the park's perimeter, unplanned road construction.

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/260/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2005

As requested by the Committee at its 28th session (Suzhou, 2004), IUCN undertook a mission to the property from 20 February until 2 March 2005. The mission reviewed the implementation of the recommendations from the 1999 mission to the property, and reports significant improvements since the last monitoring mission. The report notes that sections of the park experiencing any sort of human intervention (hunting, mountain climbing, livestock) are less than 2 or 3% of the entire area and that all the factors that led to inscription of the property on the List of World Heritage in Danger have either been addressed or affect only a very small percentage of the total World Heritage property or the park’s buffer zone. It needs to be noted that at the time of inscription, the park covered a total area of 271,925 ha. In 1992 the park boundaries were extended to the south to encompass a total of 502,065, but the World Heritage property was not extended. Thus, the World Heritage property now encompasses about 54% of the park.

On the different threats, the monitoring mission came to the following conclusions:

a) The construction of the 117 km Guamote-Macas Road, 8 km of which pass through the park, is now being carried out by the Army Corps of Engineers following rigorous international environmental standards (ISO 9001 and 14001), including mitigation and restoration measures;

b) While there are still low levels of hunting and livestock grazing around certain areas at the park border, these are insignificant and are not threatening the values for which the property was listed;

c) While illegal timber harvest continues at low levels in a few sections of the park buffer zone, none is taking place within the property itself;

d) Relations between the park administration and other stakeholders are increasingly positive, and no threats were detected from new colonization, oil/mineral exploration or extraction.

It is therefore recommended that future interventions should focus on management effectiveness and sustainable financing, as a follow up to the IUCN/UNESCO/UNF “Enhancing our Heritage” project that aims to improve management effectiveness in World Heritage properties. The mission noted that this project has shifted park management focus to a more strategic level and contributed to significant success in terms of raising public awareness. The positive change in environmental concern and management, specific mitigation measures, and regular evaluations of the Army Corps of Engineers and the Ministry of Public Works was reported as highly impressive and exceeding Ministry of the Environment requirements. The mission further found that the administration of Sangay National Park had in recent years suffered severe budget and personal cuts but states that at the same time a more coordinated response to conservation and the management of the property had developed in provinces and municipalities, the Army Corps of Engineers and a number of other stakeholders.

The 2004 report of the Enhancing Our Heritage Project notes further improvements in the management of the property, including revision of how the conservation of the values for which the property was inscribed on the World Heritage List are better addressed by the park’s management objectives, using a broadly inclusive process involving government, NGOs, scientists, indigenous and local communities. A new management strategy has been prepared for the park, involving the management agency, NGOs and the National Environmental Fund (FAN). This plan has been presented to the Ministry for approval and includes a funding strategy, which identifies the financial needs to implement the three year strategy.

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre and IUCN


Decision Adopted: 29 COM 7A.11

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Having examined Document WHC-05/29COM/7A,

2. Recalling its Decision 28 COM 15A.12, adopted at its 28th session (Suzhou, 2004),

3. Congratulates the State Party of Ecuador on the progress made in addressing and minimizing the threats to the property, including mitigation of the environmental damage of the Guamote-Macas road;

4. Urges the State Party to provide an adequate and sustained budget and staffing for the management of the property;

5. Recommends that the State Party work closely with the “Enhancing Our Heritage” project and the Fundacion Natura to further implement the new management strategy and identify the necessary funding for it;

6. Requests the State Party to submit a report by 1 February 2006 on the progress in the implementation of the management strategy and measures taken to ensure adequate levels of funding and staff for the management of the property;

7. Decides to remove Sangay National Park (Ecuador) from the List of World Heritage in Danger.

Decision Adopted: 29 COM 8C.3

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Following examination of state of conservation reports of properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger (WHC-05/29.COM/7A and WHC-05/29.COM/7A.Add),

2. Decides to remove the following properties from the List of World Heritage in Danger: