1.         City of Vicenza and the Palladian Villas of the Veneto (Italy) (C 712bis)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1994

Criteria  (i)(ii)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/712/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved: USD 0
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/712/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds


Previous monitoring missions

Joint UNESCO/ICOMOS mission 2005

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

a) Construction project of a highway extension in the vicinity of Villa Saraceno;

b) Uncontrolled development in the Veneto region.

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/712/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2006

On 1 February 2006, the State Party submitted a detailed report responding to the decisions by the Committee at its 29th session. A second summary report was submitted in late March 2006 to the World Heritage Centre. This report contained some new information concerning the construction of the highway affecting the property. In an additional report dated 9 March 2006 the State Party also referred to the changes of the project design (relocation of the infrastructure about 800 m, construction of a trench gallery etc.), already indicated in 2005, to be considered an acceptable mitigation measure.

In essence, the State Party report underlined three points:

a) The process of preparing the management plan instruments requested by the Committee, given the great number of municipal authorities involved (21 in four different provinces), is very complex and takes much longer than the time suggested by the Committee as appropriate for the work. The State Party also pointed out that the component of the management plan being developed by Vicenza was well advanced. Concerning the development of the management plans for the villas, the State Party notes that on “19 July 2005 most of the organizations involved signed a Memorandum of Understanding for the Drafting of the management plan”, and that “in October 2005 a management plan Steering Committee was set up”, and that progress was being made.

b) The State Party also noted that due to the suspension of the approval procedures, the detailed engineering drawings requested by the Committee have not been prepared and that as soon as they are ready, they will be submitted to the World Heritage Centre. However, the report also noted that the Council of State on 14 October 2005 “accepted the appeal of the “Società Autostrada Brescia Padova” company, thus cancelling the effects of the previous sentence of the Veneto Regional Administrative Court in May 2005”, and allowing the continuation of the construction of the highway.

c) The State Party further noted efforts to better protect the immediate environment of the Villa Saraceno, through identification of a buffer zone surrounding the villa (map provided by the State Party) in order to “maintain its rural appearance, providing for the conservation of the existing traditional architectural structures and the landscape of the countryside”. The State Party reported that the procedure for imposing the restriction on the area has been initiated, and can be expected to be in place by the end of 2006. The State Party further noted the administrative endorsement by the Regional Directorate for the “Park of the Plain” between Berici and Euganei, “envisaged by the Veneto Region as a necessary and preliminary condition to the creation of the road infrastructure in a landscape protection context”, becoming operative.

The World Heritage Centre and ICOMOS note the complexity of the management situation in the region and that the production of a management plan involving public and stakeholder consultations adequate to build trust, confidence and support for the results, will take several years to complete. The World Heritage Centre and ICOMOS also note that the decision of the Council of State should be accompanied by adequate efforts to control and review the project design in line with the recommendations by the joint UNESCO/ICOMOS mission of March 2005. 

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM


Decision Adopted: 30 COM 7B.85

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Having examined Document WHC-06/30.COM/7B,

2. Recalling Decision 29 COM 7B.66, adopted at its 29th session (Durban, 2005),

3. Notes the efforts made by the authorities to strengthen control on developments in the immediate environment of the Villa Saraceno;

4. Requests the State Party to provide to the World Heritage Centre further clarification on how the proposed buffer zone planned near the Villa Saraceno would ensure the control of development processes and the integrity of the setting near the World Heritage property and encourages the State Party to submit the revised buffer zone in accordance with the procedures established in the Operational Guidelines;

5. Acknowledges the progress being made in the development of the management and conservation plans (including buffer zones), however, regrets that the management and conservation plan for the area concerning the Villa Saraceno has not been finalized as requested (Decision 29 COM 7B.66 paragraph 6);

6. Reiterates its request to the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, as soon as available, the detailed technical drawings concerning the highway, and notably of the interchange infrastructure foreseen in the section closest to the Villa Saraceno, so as to assess its impact on the integrity of the landscape, before proceeding with the construction of the section of the highway closest to the Villa Saraceno;

7. Encourages the State Party to continue the efforts towards the finalization of the management and conservation plans, including the establishment of appropriate buffer zones, to reflect the cultural setting, for all the components of this serial World Heritage property;

8. Further requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2007, a progress report on the implementation of the management and conservation plan for the World Heritage property and its buffer zones, as well as detailed designs and drawings of the interchanges, and of the landscaping of the highway in the vicinity of the Villa, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 31st session in 2007.