1.         Lines and Geoglyphs of Nasca and Palpa (Peru) (C 700)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1994

Criteria  (i)(iii)(iv)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/700/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1998-1998)
Total amount approved: USD 50,000
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/700/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds


Previous monitoring missions


Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

a) Damage caused by illegal mining and farming activities

b) Continued vehicle traffic through the geoglyphs

c) Lack of systematic monitoring of the site

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/700/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2007

The World Heritage Centre received a very detailed State of Conservation Report in February 2007. According to the report, the establishment of two permanent police posts along the Pan-American Highway included in the Emergency Plan and approved by the Multisectorial Commission could not be established due to the lack of funds. The report specified that this action will be included in the 2007 project for the conservation of Nasca Lines.

The Ministry of Tourism and Exterior Commerce (MINCETUR) has given specialised equipment for the surveillance of the site. Frequent aerial control monitoring has been carried out in order to detect recent damage to the lines, and according to the State Party no new damage has been detected. However, the World Heritage Centre has received several media reports highlighting significant damage and continuing traffic through the protected area.

A co-operation agreement between the INC (National Institute of Culture) and the Ministry of Tourism and Exterior Commerce, for the funding of the Management Plan, was prepared during 2006 and is to be implemented within the framework of the National Programme for the restoration of Archaeological and Historic Monuments during 2007. The methodology will be the same as that promoted by the Terra Project in the Master Plan for the Conservation and management of the Chan Chan Complex. UNESCO Remote Sensing Unit’s cooperation and assistance will be needed in order to obtain satellite images from the properties and surroundings.

Concerning the illegal settlements in the area of La Pascana, a judicial inspection involving the participation of several national institutions and representatives of the settlers took place in May 2006. After the inspection the illegal settlers are being requested to vacate this area.

Regarding the Cahuachi cemetery, the report states that the Antonini Museum, built in 1999 to host all the discoveries and present information concerning the site, has the INC’s authorisation and inter-institutional agreement for the management of the collections recovered by the Italian institute in charge of the site.

According to the report, the Peruvian Government, represented by MINCETUR and the INC, is working on a new Integrated Plan as part of the National Programme for the Recuperation of Historic and Archaeological Monuments to be financed in 2007. The 5’000,000 nuevos soles required for the implementation of the Plan will be transferred from the fund recently created by Law Nº 27889. This Plan includes the following conservation activities, which are to be implemented in coordination with the Multisectorial Commission:

a) The construction of a road which would complement the already finished La Banda-San Miguel de La Pascana, in order to control the transit through the protected area;

b) The establishment of two permanent police posts with incorporated satellite communication system and eight smaller posts for surveillance in 2007;

c) The conservation and restoration of the damaged geoglyphs;

d) The elaboration of a Management Plan in co-ordination with the INC to be carried out by 2008;

e) The construction of a Site Museum, for which satellite images from UNESCO will be required;

f) Construction of a tourist viewpoint and signage of the property;

g) Construction of a National Airport and Urban Development Plan by the Municipality of Nasca and the Ministry of Transport. 

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM


Decision Adopted: 31 COM 7B.130

The World Heritage Committee,

1.       Having examined Document WHC-07/31.COM/7B,

2.       Recalling Decisions 29 COM 7B.98 and 30 COM 7B.99, adopted at its 29th (Durban, 2005) and 30th (Vilnius, 2006) sessions respectively,

3.       Encourages the State Party to implement the new Integrated Plan, and in particular, the Management Plan for completion by 2008, within the framework of the National Programme for the Recuperation of Historic and Archaeological Monuments with a view to ensuring the conservation of the integrity of the World Heritage property;

4.       Requests the State Party to keep the World Heritage Centre informed of the details of the construction of the roads, provisional or not, as well as of developments concerning the Project for the construction of a National Airport in the area, in accordance to Paragraph 172 of the Operational Guidelines;

5.       Also requests the State Party to inform the World Heritage Centre, by 30 October 2007, of the progress achieved concerning the illegal settlements in the area of La Pascana;

6.       Further requests the State Party to submit a detailed report on the progress achieved in the implementation of the above recommendations to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2009, for examination by the Committee at its 33rd session in 2009.