World Heritage Centre https://whc.unesco.org?cid=305&l=en&&searchDecisions=&search_session_decision=18&action=list&mode=rss World Heritage Centre - Committee Decisions 90 en Copyright 2024 UNESCO, World Heritage Centre Sat, 20 Apr 2024 04:08:29 EST UNESCO, World Heritage Centre - Decisions https://whc.unesco.org/document/logowhc.jpg https://whc.unesco.org 5 COM I.1 Introduction The fifth session of the World Heritage Committee was held in Sydney, Australia (26-30 October 1981) at the kind invitation of the Government of Australia. The meeting was attended by the following States Members of the World Heritage Committee: Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Egypt, France, Federal Republic of Germany, Guinea, Iraq, Italy, Jordan, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Nepal, Pakistan, Switzerland, Tunisia and the United States of America.

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https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/5225 wh-support@unesco.org Mon, 26 Oct 1981 00:00:00 EST
5 COM I.2 Introduction Representatives of the International Centre for Conservation in Rome (ICCROM), the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS), and the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) attended the meeting in an advisory capacity.

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https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/5226 wh-support@unesco.org Mon, 26 Oct 1981 00:00:00 EST
5 COM I.3 Introduction Observers from seven States Parties to the Convention not members of the Committee, namely Canada, Chile, India, Iran, Malta, Poland and Portugal also participated in the session, as well as observers from one intergovernmental organization, the Arab Educational, Cultural and Scientific Organisation (ALECSO) and two international non-governmental organizations, the International Council of Museums (ICOM); and the International Federation of Landscape Architects (IFLA). The full list of participants will be found in Annex I to this report

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https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/5227 wh-support@unesco.org Mon, 26 Oct 1981 00:00:00 EST
5 COM II.4 Opening of the session The meeting was formally opened by the Prime Minister of Australia, The Rt. Hon. Malcolm Fraser, who welcomed delegates and observers to his country. The Prime Minister referred to the concept of a World Heritage as a profound expression of co-operation between people and a willingness to share, and stated that the World Heritage Convention was an important milestone in the modern history of man's concern, not only for his environment, but also for his cultural roots and origins. The Prime Minister also spoke of the first nominations by Australia for the World Heritage List and of the environmental and conservation concerns of the Australian authorities. The Prime Minister concluded by referring to the challenging task of the Committee in trying to ensure that univers- ally valuable sites and properties from all countries could find a secure place on the World Heritage List.

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https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/5228 wh-support@unesco.org Mon, 26 Oct 1981 00:00:00 EST
5 COM II.5 Opening of the session  In reply, the representative of the Director-General of Unesco, Mr. G. Bolla, thanked the Prime Minister for his welcome and expressed the profound gratitude of the participants for the kind invitation to hold the meeting in Sydney and for the generous hospitality of the Australian people. He also recalled the concern of Mr. Amadou Mahtar M'Bow, Director- General of Unesco, for the conservation of the cultural and the natural heritage and expressed the Director-General's appreciation for the active participation of Australia in all the activities of Unesco.

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https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/5229 wh-support@unesco.org Mon, 26 Oct 1981 00:00:00 EST
5 COM III.6 Election of the Chairman Professor R. O. Slatyer (Australia) was elected Chairman of the Committee by acclamation and he delivered a brief address.

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https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/5230 wh-support@unesco.org Mon, 26 Oct 1981 00:00:00 EST
5 COM IV.7-9 Adoption of the agenda 7. The Committee adopted the agenda for the session.

8. A delegate suggested that two working groups be set up in order to examine a number of questions of principle relating to the implementation of the Convention, and, in particular, the procedures for the evaluation of nominated properties and the way to strike a better balance between the cultural heritage and the natural heritage.

9. The Chairman suggested that this proposal be examined by the Bureau as soon as it was established. It was subsequently decided to set up two working groups, one to study the procedure for the evaluation and examination of nominations to the World Heritage List as well as the question of protecting world heritage properties and another to examine technical co-operation requests and to propose a budget for the forthcoming year.

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https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/5231 wh-support@unesco.org Mon, 26 Oct 1981 00:00:00 EST
5 COM IX.17 Proposed modification of the Rules of Procedure of the Committee At its fourth session (Paris, 1-5 September 1980), the Committee elected five Vice-Chairmen including the representatives of Ghana and Yugoslavia. However, at the Third General Assembly of States Parties to the World Heritage Convention, which met in Belgrade on 7 October 1980, Ghana and Yugoslavia, whose term of office was due to expire at the end of the 21st session of the General Conference, were not candidates for re-election to the Committee and thus ceased to be members. Therefore, in accordance with Rule 12.1 of the Rules of Procedure of the Committee, these two Vice-Chairmen could no longer remain in office after the end of the 21st session of the General Conference. In consequence, at the fifth session of the Bureau (Paris, May 4-7 1981) the members of the Bureau were reduced in number.

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https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/5238 wh-support@unesco.org Mon, 26 Oct 1981 00:00:00 EST
5 COM IX.18 Proposed modification of the Rules of Procedure of the Committee To avoid a repetition of this situation a number of proposals were put forward, in particular to amend the Rules of Procedure of the Committee. At the end of the debate, the Committee was of the opinion that Rule 12.1 of the Rules of Procedure should not be amended. It decided that henceforth, in the year when the General Assembly of States Parties to the Convention is held, the ordinary session of the Committee should be held as soon as possible after the meeting of this Assembly.

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https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/5239 wh-support@unesco.org Mon, 26 Oct 1981 00:00:00 EST
5 COM V.10 Election of Vice-Chairman and Rapporteur The Committee thereafter elected by acclamation the delegates of the following States members of the Committee as Vice-Chairmen: the Federal Republic of Germany, Brazil, Bulgaria, Guinea and Nepal. Mr Azedine Beschaouch (Tunisia) was re-elected Rapporteur by acclamation.

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https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/5232 wh-support@unesco.org Mon, 26 Oct 1981 00:00:00 EST
5 COM VI.11 Report of the fifth session of the Bureau of the World Heritage Committee The Rapporteur, Mr A. Beschaouch, referred to the main points of the report on the fifth session of the Bureau of the Committee, held in Paris from 4 to 7 May 1981. In particular, he draw attention to the twenty-seven properties recommended for inclusion in the World Heritage List.

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https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/5233 wh-support@unesco.org Mon, 26 Oct 1981 00:00:00 EST
5 COM VII.13-14 Nominations to the World Heritage List 13. The Committee examined one by one the nominations of those properties which the Bureau had recommended for inclusion on the World Heritage List. In each case, the Committee took note of the comments of the representatives of ICOMOS and/or IUCN, who had made an evaluation of each property in relation to the criteria for inscription. The Committee also noted, for each case, the point of view of the Bureau as presented by the Rapporteur.

14. The Chairman informed the Committee that he had received a letter from an Australian non-governmental organization asking to address the Committee on one nomination and to provide material to the Committee concerning the Australian site in question. On the recommendation of the Bureau, the Committee decided that such groups would not be authorized to address the Committee direct nor to circulate material in the meeting room and that they should be requested to contact their national delegations.

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https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/5234 wh-support@unesco.org Mon, 26 Oct 1981 00:00:00 EST
5 COM VII.12 Rapport of the Representative of the Director-General  In reporting on the activities undertaken during the last twelve months relating to the implementation of the Convention, the representative of the Director-General informed the Committee that a total of sixty-one States had now adhered to the Convention. There were however some regions in which only a few countries had ratified the Convention and the Secretariat assured the Committee that it would do its utmost to urge other countries to participate in this activity. Eighty-six sites, proposed by twenty-nine countries, had already been inscribed on the World Heritage List, but there were twenty-four States Parties which had so far not submitted any nomination to the List. He also reported on the activities undertaken in implementation of the decisions taken by the Committee at its fourth session and on the financial situation of the World Heritage Fund which could be considered satisfactory. He indicated, in particular, that as at 31 August 1981, the cash in hand amounted to $1,907,600.75.

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https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/5235 wh-support@unesco.org Mon, 26 Oct 1981 00:00:00 EST
5 COM VIII.15 Nominations to the World Heritage List (inscribed sites) The Committee decided to include in the World Heritage List all the properties recommended by the Bureau. Two nominations, the Fort of Lahore and Shalimar Gardens in Lahore were combined and thus the following twenty-six properties were inscribed :

Name of Property Nomination submitted by Id No.
  • Los Glaciares
Argentina 145
  • Kakadu National Park
Australia 147

NB The Committee noted that the Australian Government intended to proclaim additional areas in the Alligator River Region as part of Kakadu National Park and recommended that such areas be included in the site inscribed on the World Heritage List and that in the Region the environmental protection measures specified in the relevant legislation continue to be enforced.

   
  • The Great Barrier Reef
Australia 154
NB The Committee noted that only a small proportion of the area nominated for the World Heritage List had been proclaimed within the Great Barrier Reef Region as defined in the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Act, 1975, and the Committee requested the Australian Government to take steps to ensure that the whole area is proclaimed under relevant legislation as soon as possible and that the necessary environmental protection measures are taken.    
 
  • Willandra Lakes Region
Australia 167
NB The Committee would like to see a management plan rapidly established for the whole area.  
 
  • Anthony Island 
Canada 157
  • Head-Smashed-in Bison Jump
Canada 158
  • Speyer Cathedral
Federal Republic of Germany 168 
  • Wurzburg Residence with the Court Gardens and Residence Square
Federal Republic of Germany 169
  • Palace and Park of Fontainebleau 
France  160 
  • Chateau and Estate of Chambord
France 161
  • Amiens Cathedral 
France 162
  • The Roman Theatre and its surroundings and the "Triumphal Arch" of Orange
France 163
  • Roman and Romanesque Monuments of Arles
France  164 
  • Cistercian Abbey of Fontenay
France  165
 
  • Archaeological Park and Ruins of Quiriguá
Guatemala 149 
NB The Committee recommended that the authorities of Guatemala take the necessary steps to protect the cultural property at the site.    
  •  Nimba Strict Nature Reserve
Guinea  155 
 NB The Committee recommended that Guinea, the Ivory Coast and Liberia establish close co-operation for the safeguarding of the whole of the natural ecosystems of the Nimba mountain which stretch over territory within these three countries.    
  • The Medina of Fez
Morocco 170
  • Historical monuments of Thatta
Pakistan 143
  • Fort and Shalimar Gardens at Lahore
Pakistan 171 &172 
  • Darien National Park
Panama 159
  • Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary
Senegal 25 
NB The Committee expressed the hope that on the basis of the Unesco Consultants' Report (1981) the Government of Senegal would take the protective measures necessary to maintain the integrity of this World Heritage site in spite of the construction of a series of dams by the O.M.V.S.    
  • Niokolo-Koba National Park
Senegal 153 
NB The Committee urged the Government of Senegal to formulate a comprehensive management plan for the park which would take fully into account the need to integrate it into socio-economic development programmes for the region. The Committee requested the Government of Senegal to take all necessary steps to avoid adverse impacts of water resource development on this World Heritage site.    
  • Ruins of Kilwa Kisiwani and ruins of Songa Mnara
Tanzania 144 
  • Serengeti National Park
Tanzania 156
NB The Committee urged the competent authorities of Tanzania to consider adding the Maswa Game Reserve to this World Heritage site.    
  • Mammoth Cave National Park
United States of America 150 
  • Olympic National Park
United States of America 151 
NB The Committee urged the competent authorities of the United States of America to take steps to include in this World Heritage site the coastal strip, which is owned by the State of Washington.    

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https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/5236 wh-support@unesco.org Mon, 26 Oct 1981 00:00:00 EST
5 COM VIII.16 Nominations to the World Heritage List The Committee took note of the decision of the Bureau to defer twenty nominations because additional information was required. The meeting was informed that the Australian Government had withdrawn the nomination of the Sydney Opera House in its setting and that it hoped to submit a revised nomination in due course. In addition, the Rapporteur and the Secretariat informed the Committee that the Algerian Authorities intended to revise the nomination relating to the Dey's Palace at Algiers in order to extend it to cover the whole of the Casbah; this revised nomination would be submitted when the necessary preparatory studies had been completed. Furthermore, the Committee took note of the submission by Italy of a tentative list which would enable the Bureau to examine the nomination of the Convent of Santa Giulia - San Salvatore at its next session.

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https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/5237 wh-support@unesco.org Mon, 26 Oct 1981 00:00:00 EST
5 COM X.19-20 Public Information activities 19. The Secretariat reported on public information activities under- taken in implementation of the decisions taken by the Committee at its fourth session. The attention of the Committee was drawn, in particular, to the problem of obtaining adequate visual material on World Heritage sites . With respect to future activities the Secretariat proposed to continue the implementation of the programme as undertaken and to focus a major part of its efforts on the establishment in each State Party of private foundations or associations for the purpose of promoting the objectives of the World Heritage Convention, as advocated by Article 17 of the Convention. Such private groups would be in a position to adapt the information provided by the Secretariat to the specific needs of the different categories of the population of their country, and this would enable a much larger public to be reached than has been so far.

20. During the discussion several delegates informed the Committee of initiatives undertaken in order to make the Convention known in their country and declared themselves ready to assist in the dissemination of the series of slides produced by the Secretariat. It was suggested in particular that an exhibition of the existing information material be organized for the next meeting of the Committee. The representative of IUCN announced that during the World National Parks Congress to be held in Bali, Indonesia, in 1982 a whole session would be devoted to the implementation of the World Heritage Convention. This congress, which will bring together over 400 of the world's experts on the manage- ment of protected areas, will boost the progress of the establishment of a tentative list of sites eligible for the World Heritage List. He also pointed out that several articles on the Convention had already appeared in the magazine "Parks" which is published by IUCN. Similarly, the representative of ICOMOS informed the Committee that from now onwards a notable place would be given to the Convention and its implementation in the ICOMOS periodical "Monumentum". At the close of the discussion, the Committee took note of the future activities proposed by the Secretariat in document CC-81/CONF/003/3 and in the note entitled "Philately at the service of the World Heritage Convention" and gave them its full support.

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https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/5240 wh-support@unesco.org Mon, 26 Oct 1981 00:00:00 EST
5 COM XI.21 Procedure for the evaluation and examination of Nominations to the World Heritage List The Committee heard the report of the working group set up to examine the above agenda items as well as the question of protecting world heritage properties. After discussing the different recommendations formulated by the working group, the Committee adopted the following guidelines relating to these questions :

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https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/5241 wh-support@unesco.org Mon, 26 Oct 1981 00:00:00 EST
5 COM XI.22 Procedure for the evaluation and examination of Nominations to the World Heritage List The Committee agreed that there was a need for a statement on the dual concepts of representativeness and selectivity to guide the Committee in the development of the World Heritage List. During the discussion, many delegates spoke of the need to ensure that the List was fully representative of all natural systems and cultures. Whilst it was acknowledged that the Convention itself implied selectivity and that in the short term at least there were other important reasons for limiting the overall size of the List, several delegates argued that the form of words used should not carry any suggestion of restriction on the range and variety of properties which might be inscribed in the List. It was therefore agreed that the concept of selectivity was best expressed by reference to the requirement in the Convention that properties should be "of outstanding universal value" and to the criteria adopted by the Committee for the inscription of natural and cultural properties. The statement adopted by the Committee is as follows:

"The World Heritage List should be as representative as possible of all cultural and natural properties which meet the Convention's requirement of outstanding universal value and the cultural and natural criteria adopted by the Committee in its operational guidelines."

It should be noted that some 90 Member States of Unesco have not yet adhered to the Convention and that nominations to the List have been received from only 37 of the 61 States that have adhered. Therefore, the List cannot yet be fully representative of the heritage of the whole world.

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https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/5242 wh-support@unesco.org Mon, 26 Oct 1981 00:00:00 EST
5 COM XI.23 Procedure for the evaluation and examination of Nominations to the World Heritage List The Committee agreed to support the holding of meetings which could :

  • help to create interest in the Convention within the countries of a given region ;
  • create a greater awareness of the different issues related to the implementation of the Convention to promote more active involvement in its application ;
  • be a means of exchanging experiences ;
  • stimulate critical evaluation and comparative assessments prior to the submission of tentative lists and nominations ;
  • stimulate joint promotional activities.

The Committee agreed to make funds available for this activity from the World Heritage Fund and expressed the hope that States would contribute to the cost and management of such meetings.

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https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/5243 wh-support@unesco.org Mon, 26 Oct 1981 00:00:00 EST
5 COM XI.24 Procedure for the evaluation and examination of Nominations to the World Heritage List The Committee decided to remind States Parties of the desirability of submitting tentative lists which should contain the following information :

  • the name of the property
  • the geographical location of the property
  • a brief description of the property
  • a brief justification of the outstanding universal value of the property in accordance with the criteria set out in the Operational Guidelines (including a comparative assessment of similar properties inside and outside State boundaries).

The Committee also recommended that natural properties should be grouped according to biogeographical provinces and cultural properties should be grouped according to cultural periods or areas. Furthermore, the Committee decided that States which had already submitted tentative lists should be invited to complete them in the light of the above requirements.

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https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/5245 wh-support@unesco.org Mon, 26 Oct 1981 00:00:00 EST