This document is a partial export of the World Heritage Policy Compendium


3    Policies Regarding CONSERVATION of World Heritage Properties

Conservation of cultural and natural heritage is at the core of the Convention. Conservation includes effective and active measures that can be taken by States Parties to ensure the identification, protection, presentation and transmission of heritage.

There is no single definition of conservation in relation to both cultural and natural heritage. However, with regards to cultural heritage ‘all operations designed to understand a property, know its history and meaning, ensure its material safeguard, and, if required, its restoration and enhancement’ could be part of its conservation (Nara Document on Authenticity). Conservation of natural heritage refers to the protection, care, management and maintenance of ecosystems, habitats, wildlife species and populations, within or outside of their natural environments, in order to safeguard the natural conditions for their long-term permanence (IUCN).

The Conservation theme includes policies related to protection, management, monitoring, impact assessments, factors affecting the properties, tourism and sustainable development.

3.5    Factors affecting properties

3.5.10    Climate change and severe weather events

Storms (For example: Tornadoes, Hurricanes/cyclones, Gales, Hail damage, Lightning strikes, River/stream overflows, Extreme tides). Flooding. Drought. Desertification. Changes to oceanic waters (For example: Changes to water flow and circulation patterns al local, regional or global scale, Changes to pH, Changes to temperature). Temperature change. Other climate change impacts.

Case Law

Synthesis based on relevant Committee decisions

At site-level, the World Heritage Committee recommends to monitor the impacts of global climate change and to develop adaptive management strategies and mitigation and adaptation measures to ensure the long-term protection of the Outstanding Universal Value of the properties in response to climate and other environmental change (based on Case law further to decisions on the State of Conservation). [1]

ANNEX I. List of documents and texts

Decision 33 COM 7B.7

Decision 33 COM 7B.11

Decision 33 COM 7B.23

Decision 34 COM 7B.14

Decision 35 COM 7B.22

Decision 36 COM 7B.4

Decision 37 COM 7B.14

Decision 38 COM 7A.29





[1] See for example Decisions 33 COM 7B.11 , 33 COM 7B.23 , 33 COM 7B.7 , 34 COM 7B.14 , 35 COM 7B.22 , 36 COM 7B.4 , 37 COM 7B.14 , 38 COM 7A.29 .