This document is a partial export of the World Heritage Policy Compendium


3    Policies Regarding CONSERVATION of World Heritage Properties

Conservation of cultural and natural heritage is at the core of the Convention. Conservation includes effective and active measures that can be taken by States Parties to ensure the identification, protection, presentation and transmission of heritage.

There is no single definition of conservation in relation to both cultural and natural heritage. However, with regards to cultural heritage ‘all operations designed to understand a property, know its history and meaning, ensure its material safeguard, and, if required, its restoration and enhancement’ could be part of its conservation (Nara Document on Authenticity). Conservation of natural heritage refers to the protection, care, management and maintenance of ecosystems, habitats, wildlife species and populations, within or outside of their natural environments, in order to safeguard the natural conditions for their long-term permanence (IUCN).

The Conservation theme includes policies related to protection, management, monitoring, impact assessments, factors affecting the properties, tourism and sustainable development.

3.5    Factors affecting properties

3.5.2    Transportation infrastructure

The  physical 'footprint' and derived effects of use (includes visitor transportation infrastructure).
Ground transport infrastructure (For example: Roads, Car parks, Railways, including easements). Air transport infrastructure (For example: Airports, Airstrips). Marine transport infrastructure (For example: Harbour & port facilities). Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure (For example: Effects of vehicle traffic on roadways, Effects of shipping traffic in shipping routes, Effects of air traffic).

Case Law

Synthesis based on relevant Committee decisions

The World Heritage Committee requests the State Party to submit, in accordance to Paragraph 172 of the Operational Guidelines, details about any cable car project, including design, technical specifications and precise location of the route, in relation to the inscribed property, together with a HIA and an EIA, well before any irrevocable decisions are taken about the construction of the cable car (based on case law on decisions on the State of Conservation). [1]

ANNEX I. List of documents and texts

Decision 37COM 7B.102 Historic Centre of Lima (Peru) (C 500bis)

Decision 38COM 7B.45 Historic Centre of Puebla (Mexico) (C 416)

Decision 38COM 7B.77 Western Caucasus (Russian Federation) (N 900)

Decision 40COM 7B.91 Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park (Viet Nam) (N 951bis)

Decision 42COM 7B.26 Natural and Culturo-Historical Region of Kotor (Montenegro) (C 125ter)





[1] See for example Decisions 37COM 7B.102 , 38COM 7B.45 , 38COM 7B.77 , 40COM 7B.91 , 42COM 7B.26 .