This document is a partial export of the World Heritage Policy Compendium


3    Policies Regarding CONSERVATION of World Heritage Properties

Conservation of cultural and natural heritage is at the core of the Convention. Conservation includes effective and active measures that can be taken by States Parties to ensure the identification, protection, presentation and transmission of heritage.

There is no single definition of conservation in relation to both cultural and natural heritage. However, with regards to cultural heritage ‘all operations designed to understand a property, know its history and meaning, ensure its material safeguard, and, if required, its restoration and enhancement’ could be part of its conservation (Nara Document on Authenticity). Conservation of natural heritage refers to the protection, care, management and maintenance of ecosystems, habitats, wildlife species and populations, within or outside of their natural environments, in order to safeguard the natural conditions for their long-term permanence (IUCN).

The Conservation theme includes policies related to protection, management, monitoring, impact assessments, factors affecting the properties, tourism and sustainable development.

3.2    Monitoring

3.2.1    General

Case Law

Synthesis based on relevant Committee decisions

The World Heritage Committee recommends establishing key monitoring indicators to relate more directly to the Outstanding Universal Value to allow for judgment of changes in state of conservation, and adding specific indicators, periodicity and institutional responsibilities (based on Case law on decisions on Nominations). [1]

ANNEX I. List of documents and texts

Decision 38 COM 8B.37

Decision 39 COM 8B.25

Decision 39 COM 8B.33

Decision 41 COM 8B.26

Decision 41 COM 8B.27

Decision 41 COM 8B.28

Decision 41 COM 8B.31

Decision 41 COM 8B.33

Decision 41 COM 8B.38





[1] See for example Decisions 38 COM 8B.37 , 39 COM 8B.25 , 39 COM 8B.33 , 41 COM 8B.26 , 41 COM 8B.27 , 41 COM 8B.28 , 41 COM 8B.31 , 41 COM 8B.33 , 41 COM 8B.38 .