Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto (South-Eastern Sicily)

Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto (South-Eastern Sicily)

The eight towns in south-eastern Sicily: Caltagirone, Militello Val di Catania, Catania, Modica, Noto, Palazzolo, Ragusa and Scicli, were all rebuilt after 1693 on or beside towns existing at the time of the earthquake which took place in that year. They represent a considerable collective undertaking, successfully carried out at a high level of architectural and artistic achievement. Keeping within the late Baroque style of the day, they also depict distinctive innovations in town planning and urban building.

Villes du baroque tardif de la vallée de Noto (sud-est de la Sicile)

Les huit villes du sud-est de la Sicile -- Caltagirone, Militello Val di Catania, Catane, Modica, Noto, Palazzolo, Raguse et Scicli -- ont toutes été reconstruites après 1693, sur le site ou à côté des villes qui s'y dressaient avant le tremblement de terre de cette même année. Elles représentent une initiative collective considérable, menée à terme à un haut niveau architectural et artistique. Globalement conforme au style baroque tardif de l'époque, elles représentent des innovations marquantes dans le domaine de l'urbanisme et de la construction urbaine.

مدن الفن الباروكيّ المتأخر في وادي نوتو

أعيد بناء مدن جنوب شرق صقلية الثماني كلها – كالتاجيروني، وميليتيلّو فال دي كاتانيا ، وكاتاني، وموديكا، ونوتو، وبالاتزولو، وراغوزي وشيكلي - بعد العام 1693، على الموقع أو إلى جانب المدن الأصلية التي كانت قائمة قبل الهزة الأرضية التي وقعت في تلك السنة. وهي تشكل مبادرة جماعية هائلة، تمّت بمستوى معماري وفنّي عالٍ. وتمثل أيضًا باستجابتها بصورة عامة إلى الأسلوب الباروكيّ في تلك الحقبة، عمليات إبداع مذهلة في ميدان التنظيم المُدني والبناء الحضري.

source: UNESCO/ERI

晚期的巴洛克城镇瓦拉迪那托(西西里东南部)

维琴查城于公元前2世纪修建在意大利北部,在威尼斯人的统治下,维琴查于15世纪早期到18世纪末达到全盛时期。意大利建筑师安德烈亚·帕拉第奥(1508-1580年)对古罗马建筑进行了详细研究,赋予了这座城市独特的风貌。帕拉第奥的市区建筑,以及散布在威尼托区的别墅,对意大利的建筑发展产生了决定性影响。帕拉第奥的建筑作品形成了一个与众不同的建筑风格,就是人们熟知的帕拉迪恩风格,这种建筑风格也传播到了英国、其他欧洲国家和北美。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Города позднего барокко в районе Валь-ди-Ното, юго-восток острова Сицилия

Восемь городов на юго-востоке Сицилии – Кальтаджироне, Милителло-Валь-ди-Катания, Катания, Модика, Ното, Палаццоло, Рагуза и Шикли – были восстановлены после землетрясения 1693 г. на своих прежних местах или поблизости. То был масштабный комплекс совместно выполняемых мероприятий, успешно реализованный на высоком архитектурно-художественном уровне. Выдержанные в стиле позднего барокко, эти города продемонстрировали новаторские для того времени методы планировки и застройки.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Ciudades del barroco tardío del Valle de Noto (sudeste de Sicilia)

Este sitio está formado por ocho ciudades del sudeste de Sicilia –Caltagirone, Militello, Val Di Catania, Catania, Modica, Noto, Palazzolo, Ragusa y Scicli– que fueron reconstruidas in situ, o en sus proximidades, después del terremoto que las destruyó en 1693. Fruto de una iniciativa colectiva de gran envergadura, su reconstrucción se caracterizó por el alto nivel de las obras arquitectónicas y artísticas realizadas. Edificadas en el estilo barroco tardío imperante de la época, estas ciudades son un ejemplo sumamente ilustrativo de toda una serie de innovaciones notables en materia de urbanismo y técnicas de construcción.

source: UNESCO/ERI

ヴァル・ディ・ノートの後期バロック様式の町々(シチリア島南東部)
シチリア島南東部の8つの町(主な都市はノート,カターニア,ラグーザ)は、エトナ火山の噴火によりしばしば大被害を被ってきた。現在の姿はすべて1693年の大地震以降に建て直されたか、当時地震のあった町のそばにつくられたものである。高いレベルの建築的・芸術的な技術をもって再建された、大規模な集合的都市計画の代表例である。当時の後期バロック様式に従いつつ、同時に特色ある都市計画に基づく市街地建築の新機軸をも打ち出している。

source: NFUAJ

Laat-barokke steden van Val di Noto (Zuidoost-Sicilië)

Caltagirone, Militello Val di Catania, Catania, Modica, Noto, Palazzolo, Ragusa en Scicli zijn de acht steden in het zuidoosten van Sicilië die na 1693 stuk voor stuk werden herbouwd op of naast bestaande steden ten gevolge van de aardbeving die plaatsvond in dat jaar. Ze vertegenwoordigen een aanzienlijke collectieve onderneming, met succes uitgevoerd op een hoog architectonische en artistiek nivau. De stedengroep vertegenwoordigt het hoogtepunt en de laatste bloei van de barokke kunst in Europa. De steden verbeelden daarnaast onderscheidende innovaties op gebied van ruimtelijke ordening en stedenbouw, met inachtneming van de late-barokstijl van toen.

Source: unesco.nl

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Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto (South-Eastern Sicily) (Italy) © UNESCO
Outstanding Universal Value

Brief synthesis

The Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto is comprised of components of eight towns located in south-eastern Sicily (Caltagirone, Militello Val di Catania, Catania, Modica, Noto, Palazzolo Acreide, Ragusa andScicli). These historic centres and urban environments reflect the great, post-seismic rebuilding achievement of the decades following the catastrophic earthquake of 1693, which ravaged towns across south-eastern Sicily. The rebuilding, restoration and reconstruction of these communities resulted in the creation of an exceptional group of towns, all reflecting the late Baroque architecture of the 17th century in all its forms and applications.

The eight components of the property differ in size and represent a range of responses to the rebuilding needs. They include the entire old town of Caltagirone, Noto and Ragusa; specific urban areas of Catania and Scicli; and isolated monuments in the historic town centres of Modica, Palazzolo Acreide and Militello Val di Catania. Catania was rebuilt on the site of the original town while others, such as Noto, were rebuilt on new sites. At Ragusa and Palazzolo Acreide, new urban centres were created next to the ancient ones. The centres of Scicli and Modica were moved and rebuilt in adjoining areas already partially urbanized, and Caltagirone was simply repaired.

The towns exhibit a plethora of late Baroque art and architecture of high quality and of a remarkable homogeneity as a result of the circumstances of time, place, and social context in which they were created. However, they also display distinctive innovations in the town planning and urban rebuilding. The property also represents a considerable collective undertaking in response to a catastrophic seismic event.

Criterion (i): The Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto in south-eastern Sicily provide outstanding testimony to the exuberant genius of late Baroque art and architecture.

Criterion (ii): The Late Baroque towns of the Val di Noto represent the culmination and final flowering of Baroque art in Europe.

Criterion (iv): The exceptional quality of the late Baroque art and architecture in the Val di Noto lies in its geographical and chronological homogeneity, and is the result of the 1693 earthquake in this region.

Criterion (v): The eight Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto in south-eastern Sicily are characteristic of the settlement pattern and urban form of this region, are permanently at risk from earthquakes and eruptions of Mount Etna.

Integrity

The property includes all the attributes required to express its Outstanding Universal Value, as it encompasses the most representative centres of the late Baroque period in the Val di Noto. The eight components of the property reflect the range of architectural and town-planning developments resulting from the post-seismic reconstruction in the Val di Noto after the 1693 earthquake. This earthquake created an opportunity for an enormous artistic, architectural, and anti-seismic renewal of the cities. The centres retain their residential function, along with a lively society of inhabitants.

Authenticity

The eight components of the property continue to demonstrate with remarkable homogeneity the late Baroque art and architectural style of south-eastern Sicily in individual buildings and town planning. In particular, the almost completely preserved town plans, which have seen only few alterations, express a variety of reactions to the destruction caused by the earthquake.

Although the property meets the requirements for authenticity, it has been affected by further seismic activity as well as long-term degradation, and a great many buildings and monumental complexes require major restoration, consolidation, and maintenance interventions.

Protection and management requirements

The majority of the properties in all eight components are in private ownership. Other properties are owned by the church, the Italian State and local Government authorities. The Regional Provinces of Catania, Ragusa, and Syracuse, as well as the Municipalities of the eight towns have the responsibility for looking after the urban and architectural heritage in their respective territories. The eight towns are identified in the respective town plans as Homogeneous Territorial Zones or Historic Centres, where the existing urban and architectural heritage can be submitted only to rehabilitation and maintenance works that fully respect the historic and cultural vocation of each town.

The main legal protection and conservation measures are provided by the national and regional legislation for the protection of the artistic, monumental, landscape, naturalistic, seismic, hydro-geological and forestry heritage, in particular by Acts 1089/39, 1497/39, 64/74, 431/85, and Regional Acts 61/81 and 15/91. Numerous buildings (109) falling within the core-zones are bound according to the DL 42/2004 (pursuant to Law 1089/39) because of historical monuments. The historical towns of Ragusa Iblea and Noto and Modica, Scicli, Palazzolo Acreide are subject to landscape protection (under Law 1497/39). All goods falling within urban areas classified as Zone A (historic centre) from the general zoning and applicable planning legislation, are regulated by national and regional laws. The old town of Ragusa Ibla also benefits from a detailed plan and a special law (L.R. 61/81) that promote recovery for restoration of public and private buildings. All work on the property must be approved in advance by local Superintendents and Municipal Administration. The norms that protect the site are dictated by state laws (legislative decree 22 January 2004, Code for cultural heritage and landscape), as well as regional and municipal laws.

At the time of inscription, a Management Plan was developed to coordinate the management of the eight components of the property. The Management Structure is regularly revised.

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