State of Conservation (SOC)
States PartiesAfghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Argentina Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Brazil Bulgaria Cambodia Cameroon Canada Central African Republic Chad Chile China Colombia Congo Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Czech Republic Democratic Republic of the Congo Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt Ethiopia Fiji France Gabon Georgia Germany Greece Guinea Haiti Honduras Hungary India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Italy Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Lao People's Democratic Republic Lebanon Lesotho Libya Lithuania Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Mali Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Nepal Netherlands Niger Nigeria Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Saint Lucia Senegal Serbia Slovakia Solomon Islands South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Thailand the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Tunisia Turkey Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Uruguay Uzbekistan Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan (364) Housing (189) Illegal activities (147) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation (102) Management activities (91) Ground transport infrastructure (89) Land conversion (89) Legal framework (80) Mining (70) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure (55) War (51) Water infrastructure (50) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals (50) Civil unrest (50) Human resources (48) Financial resources (46) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community (44) Deliberate destruction of heritage (42) Oil and gas (36) Water (rain/water table) (34) Erosion and siltation/ deposition (31) Governance (26) Interpretative and visitation facilities (25) Marine transport infrastructure (23) Surface water pollution (23) Solid waste (22) Flooding (22) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure (21) Invasive/alien terrestrial species (21) Major linear utilities (18) Commercial development (17) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources (15) Fire (widlfires) (14) Storms (13) Crop production (12) Forestry /wood production (12) Earthquake (12) Renewable energy facilities (11) Non-renewable energy facilities (10) Water (extraction) (10) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system (10) High impact research / monitoring activities (10) Industrial areas (8) Underground transport infrastructure (8) Invasive / alien freshwater species (8) Localised utilities (7) Commercial hunting (7) Drought (7) Other climate change impacts (7) Air transport infrastructure (6) Air pollution (6) Pollution of marine waters (6) Subsistence hunting (6) Wind (6) Ground water pollution (5) Quarrying (5) Avalanche/ landslide (5) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting (4) Invasive / alien marine species (4) Input of excess energy (3) Relative humidity (3) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses (3) Society's valuing of heritage (3) Temperature change (3) Translocated species (3) Micro-organisms (2) Changes to oceanic waters (2) Desertification (2) Subsistence wild plant collection (1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).