State of Conservation (SOC)
States PartiesAfghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Argentina Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Bulgaria Cambodia Cameroon Canada Central African Republic Chad Chile China Colombia Congo Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Czech Republic Democratic Republic of the Congo Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt Estonia Ethiopia Fiji France Gabon Georgia Germany Greece Guinea Haiti Honduras Hungary India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Italy Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Lao People's Democratic Republic Lebanon Lesotho Libya Lithuania Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Mali Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Nepal Netherlands Niger Nigeria Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Saint Lucia Senegal Serbia Slovakia Solomon Islands South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Thailand the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Tunisia Turkey Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Uruguay Uzbekistan Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan (472) Housing (253) Illegal activities (189) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation (123) Ground transport infrastructure (117) Management activities (116) Land conversion (112) Legal framework (99) Mining (87) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure (78) Financial resources (64) Human resources (64) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals (63) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community (63) Civil unrest (63) Water infrastructure (61) War (56) Deliberate destruction of heritage (55) Oil and gas (45) Water (rain/water table) (43) Erosion and siltation/ deposition (41) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure (35) Interpretative and visitation facilities (33) Governance (32) Marine transport infrastructure (30) Surface water pollution (29) Solid waste (27) Flooding (26) Invasive/alien terrestrial species (24) Major linear utilities (21) Commercial development (20) Crop production (18) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources (18) Storms (18) Fire (widlfires) (18) Earthquake (17) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system (13) High impact research / monitoring activities (13) Underground transport infrastructure (12) Renewable energy facilities (12) Forestry /wood production (12) Water (extraction) (12) Industrial areas (11) Invasive / alien freshwater species (11) Non-renewable energy facilities (10) Pollution of marine waters (10) Localised utilities (9) Drought (9) Air transport infrastructure (8) Commercial hunting (8) Wind (8) Other climate change impacts (8) Subsistence hunting (7) Air pollution (6) Ground water pollution (6) Quarrying (6) Relative humidity (6) Society's valuing of heritage (6) Avalanche/ landslide (6) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting (5) Invasive / alien marine species (5) Translocated species (5) Input of excess energy (4) Changes to oceanic waters (4) Temperature change (4) Micro-organisms (3) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses (3) Desertification (2) Subsistence wild plant collection (1) Volcanic eruption (1) Hyper-abundant species (1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).