State of Conservation (SOC)

  • Results
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  • Exports
176
Reports
178
Properties
90
States Parties
Site State Party Year Threats* Danger List
aflaj irrigation systems of omanAflaj Irrigation Systems of Oman oman Oman 2009 Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
abu menaAbu Mena egypt Egypt 2009 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), Yes
air and tenere natural reservesAir and Ténéré Natural Reserves niger Niger 2009 Civil unrest, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Forestry /wood production, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Poverty
Yes
alejandro de humboldt national parkAlejandro de Humboldt National Park cuba Cuba 2009 Mining, No
ancient ksour of ouadane, chinguetti, tichitt and oualataAncient Ksour of Ouadane, Chinguetti, Tichitt and Oualata mauritania Mauritania 2009 Financial resources, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Other climate change impacts, Society's valuing of heritage, No
ancient city of damascusAncient City of Damascus syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 2009 Housing, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Poor state of conservation
No
ancient thebes with its necropolisAncient Thebes with its Necropolis egypt Egypt 2009 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Flooding, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), No
archaeological site of cyreneArchaeological Site of Cyrene libya Libya 2009 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste,
Other Threats: Inadequate on-site security and control systems
No
archaeological site of panamá viejo and historic district of panamáArchaeological Site of Panamá Viejo and Historic District of Panamá panama Panama 2009 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Financial resources, Governance, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Severe deterioration of historic buildings that threatens the Outstanding universal value of the property
No
architectural, residential and cultural complex of the radziwill family at nesvizhArchitectural, Residential and Cultural Complex of the Radziwill Family at Nesvizh belarus Belarus 2009 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Management activities, No
ashur (qal'at sherqat)Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat) iraq Iraq 2009 Flooding, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Fragile mud brick structures
Yes
auschwitz birkenau german nazi concentration and extermination camp (1940-1945)Auschwitz Birkenau
German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945)
poland Poland 2009 Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Slow process of consultation with local communities.
No
bagrati cathedral and gelati monasteryBagrati Cathedral and Gelati Monastery georgia Georgia 2009 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: General need for interior and exterior conservation work on the monuments
No
bahla fortBahla Fort oman Oman 2009 Housing, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the earthen structures of the Fort
No
bam and its cultural landscapeBam and its Cultural Landscape iran (islamic republic of) Iran (Islamic Republic of) 2009 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
banc d'arguin national parkBanc d'Arguin National Park mauritania Mauritania 2009 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Financial resources, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Human resources, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Oil and gas, No
belize barrier reef reserve systemBelize Barrier Reef Reserve System belize Belize 2009 Forestry /wood production, Land conversion, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, No
belovezhskaya pushcha / białowieża forestBelovezhskaya Pushcha / Białowieża Forest belarus,poland Belarus
Poland
2009 Forestry /wood production, Illegal activities, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: a) Alterations of the hydrological regime; b) Border fence impeding mammal movements
No
bordeaux, port of the moonBordeaux, Port of the Moon france France 2009 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Ground transport infrastructure, No
borobudur temple compoundsBorobudur Temple Compounds indonesia Indonesia 2009 Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
brasiliaBrasilia brazil Brazil 2009 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
budapest, including the banks of the danube, the buda castle quarter and andrássy avenueBudapest, including the Banks of the Danube, the Buda Castle Quarter and Andrássy Avenue hungary Hungary 2009 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Housing,
Other Threats: Lack of conservation of residential housing in the area inscribed as World Heritage
No
butrintButrint albania Albania 2009 Housing, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Slow progress on the implementation of the recommendations of the joint missions
No
cape floral region protected areasCape Floral Region Protected Areas south africa South Africa 2009 Financial resources, Fire (widlfires), Invasive/alien terrestrial species, No
cathedral, alcázar and archivo de indias in sevilleCathedral, Alcázar and Archivo de Indias in Seville spain Spain 2009 Housing, No
champaner-pavagadh archaeological parkChampaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park india India 2009 Management systems/ management plan, No
chan chan archaeological zoneChan Chan Archaeological Zone peru Peru 2009 Crop production, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Continuous deterioration of earthen architecture structures and decorated surfaces from lack of conservation and maintenance practices
Yes
chavin (archaeological site)Chavin (Archaeological Site) peru Peru 2009 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Management systems/ management plan, Micro-organisms, Relative humidity, Temperature, Wind, No
city of bathCity of Bath united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2009 Housing, Interpretative and visitation facilities, No
city of graz – historic centre and schloss eggenbergCity of Graz – Historic Centre and Schloss Eggenberg austria Austria 2009 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
city of quitoCity of Quito ecuador Ecuador 2009 Management activities, No
city of vallettaCity of Valletta malta Malta 2009 Commercial development, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
city of vicenza and the palladian villas of the venetoCity of Vicenza and the Palladian Villas of the Veneto italy Italy 2009 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, No
coiba national park and its special zone of marine protectionCoiba National Park and its Special Zone of Marine Protection panama Panama 2009 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Legal framework, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Marine transport infrastructure, No
colonial city of santo domingoColonial City of Santo Domingo dominican republic Dominican Republic 2009 Air pollution, Earthquake, Housing, Human resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Land conversion, Legal framework, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Society's valuing of heritage, Storms, No
comoe national parkComoé National Park cote d'ivoire Côte d'Ivoire 2009 Civil unrest, Crop production, Fire (widlfires), Illegal activities, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, War, Yes
complex of hue monumentsComplex of Hué Monuments viet nam Viet Nam 2009 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, No
coro and its portCoro and its Port venezuela (bolivarian republic of) Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 2009 Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: a) Serious deterioration of materials and structuresb) Deterioration of the architectural and urban coherence and integrity of the property
Yes
cultural landscape and archaeological remains of the bamiyan valleyCultural Landscape and Archaeological Remains of the Bamiyan Valley afghanistan Afghanistan 2009 Civil unrest, Deliberate destruction of heritage, Illegal activities,
Other Threats: a) Risk of imminent collapse of the Giant Buddha nichesb) Irreversible deterioration of the mural paintingse) Anti-personnel mines and unexploded ordinances (i.e. munitions)
Yes
cultural landscape of sintraCultural Landscape of Sintra portugal Portugal 2009 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: b) Lack of conservation of parks and palaces;
No
danube deltaDanube Delta romania Romania 2009 Localised utilities, Surface water pollution,
Other Threats: b) Deepwater navigation waterway through the Bystroe mouth of the Danube River;
No
dja faunal reserveDja Faunal Reserve cameroon Cameroon 2009 Commercial hunting, Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, No
djoudj national bird sanctuaryDjoudj National Bird Sanctuary senegal Senegal 2009 Financial resources, Human resources, Invasive / alien freshwater species, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Subsistence hunting, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Salinisation of soils
No
dresden elbe valleyDresden Elbe Valley germany Germany 2009 Ground transport infrastructure, Yes
east rennellEast Rennell solomon islands Solomon Islands 2009 Commercial hunting, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Forestry /wood production, Mining, No
ferto / neusiedlersee cultural landscapeFertö / Neusiedlersee Cultural Landscape austria,hungary Austria
Hungary
2009 Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, No
fort and shalamar gardens in lahoreFort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore pakistan Pakistan 2009 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
fortifications on the caribbean side of panama: portobelo-san lorenzoFortifications on the Caribbean Side of Panama: Portobelo-San Lorenzo panama Panama 2009 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration and destruction of the fabric of the property by environmental factors, lack of maintenance, as well as polluted water
No
galápagos islandsGalápagos Islands ecuador Ecuador 2009 Governance, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: h) Educational reform not implemented
Yes
garamba national parkGaramba National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2009 Civil unrest, Illegal activities, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, War, Yes
golden mountains of altaiGolden Mountains of Altai russian federation Russian Federation 2009 Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Major linear utilities, Oil and gas, No
gough and inaccessible islandsGough and Inaccessible Islands united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2009 Invasive/alien terrestrial species, No
group of monuments at hampiGroup of Monuments at Hampi india India 2009 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
gunung mulu national parkGunung Mulu National Park malaysia Malaysia 2009 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Water infrastructure, No
ha long bayHa Long Bay viet nam Viet Nam 2009 Financial resources, Housing, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Industrial areas, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic areas of istanbulHistoric Areas of Istanbul turkey Turkey 2009 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Continued degradation of the vernacular architecture within the protected zones (particularly Ottoman-period timber houses in the Zeyrek and Süleymaniye core areaslack of impact studies before large-scale developments are implemented
No
historic cairoHistoric Cairo egypt Egypt 2009 Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Dilapidated infrastructure; Neglect and lack of maintenance
No
historic centre (old town) of tallinnHistoric Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn estonia Estonia 2009 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Impact of the transportation of hazardous materials to the Old Town
No
historic centre of bruggeHistoric Centre of Brugge belgium Belgium 2009 Housing, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management activities, No
historic centre of český krumlovHistoric Centre of Český Krumlov czech republic Czech Republic 2009 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, No
historic centre of limaHistoric Centre of Lima peru Peru 2009 Management systems/ management plan, No
historic centre of macaoHistoric Centre of Macao china China 2009 Housing, No
historic centre of mexico city and xochimilcoHistoric Centre of Mexico City and Xochimilco mexico Mexico 2009 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic centre of naplesHistoric Centre of Naples italy Italy 2009 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: lack of continuous maintenance of the urban fabric
No
historic centre of pragueHistoric Centre of Prague czech republic Czech Republic 2009 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic centre of rigaHistoric Centre of Riga latvia Latvia 2009 Housing, Legal framework, No
historic centre of saint petersburg and related groups of monumentsHistoric Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments russian federation Russian Federation 2009 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic centre of the city of salzburgHistoric Centre of the City of Salzburg austria Austria 2009 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, No
historic centre of viennaHistoric Centre of Vienna austria Austria 2009 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, No
historic centres of berat and gjirokastraHistoric Centres of Berat and Gjirokastra albania Albania 2009 Housing, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: a) Fire; b) Lack of specific monitoring indicator; c) Lack of adequate firefighting arrangements in the historic urban zone; d) Lack of a programme of archaeological excavation
No
historic ensemble of the potala palace, lhasaHistoric Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa china China 2009 Housing, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management activities, No
historic monuments of ancient naraHistoric Monuments of Ancient Nara japan Japan 2009 Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, No
historic quarter of the city of colonia del sacramentoHistoric Quarter of the City of Colonia del Sacramento uruguay Uruguay 2009 Commercial development, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure, No
historic sanctuary of machu picchuHistoric Sanctuary of Machu Picchu peru Peru 2009 Avalanche/ landslide, Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Financial resources, Governance, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic town of zabidHistoric Town of Zabid yemen Yemen 2009 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: a) Serious degradation of the city’s heritage (many houses and the ancient souq are in an alarming deterioration state);
Yes
historical centre of the city of arequipaHistorical Centre of the City of Arequipa peru Peru 2009 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Earthquake, Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Flooding, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community,
Other Threats: Material decay and abandonment of buildings, as well as the effect of heavy traffic on historic buildings
No
historical centre of the city of yaroslavlHistorical Centre of the City of Yaroslavl russian federation Russian Federation 2009 Housing, Management activities,
Other Threats: Changes in the built fabric
No
historical monuments at makli, thattaHistorical Monuments at Makli, Thatta pakistan Pakistan 2009 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: a) Significant decay of the property caused by local climatic conditions and alluvial erosionb) Stability of the foundations (earth mechanics) of the Jam Nizamuddin tombd) Lack of monitoring
No
historical monuments of mtskhetaHistorical Monuments of Mtskheta georgia Georgia 2009 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Land conversion, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: f) Loss of authenticity
No
humberstone and santa laura saltpeter worksHumberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works chile Chile 2009 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Management systems/ management plan, Wind,
Other Threats: a) Extremely fragile nature of the industrial buildings that were constructed using local materials such as timber for frames, corrugated iron sheets for roofs and some walls, in addition to stucco and lightweight constructionb) Lack of maintenance over the past 40 years c) Corrosion of metal cladding and dismantlement of some of the structural elements. A few buildings, such as the Leaching house, are liable to structural collapse if no support is givend) Very little conservation work carried out
Yes
ibiza, biodiversity and cultureIbiza, Biodiversity and Culture spain Spain 2009 Marine transport infrastructure, No
ilulissat icefjordIlulissat Icefjord denmark Denmark 2009 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Subsistence hunting, Temperature change, No
imperial palaces of the ming and qing dynasties in beijing and shenyangsummer palace, an imperial garden in beijingtemple of heaven: an imperial sacrificial altar in beijingImperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shenyang
Summer Palace, an Imperial Garden in Beijing
Temple of Heaven: an Imperial Sacrificial Altar in Beijing
china China 2009 Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation,
Other Threats: c) Lack of documentary evidence and clearly formulated principles to guide the conservation works.
No
island of goreeIsland of Gorée senegal Senegal 2009 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities,
Other Threats: Risk of collapse of historic buildings;
No
island of mozambiqueIsland of Mozambique mozambique Mozambique 2009 Financial resources, Housing, Human resources, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste,
Other Threats: Growing number of collapsed or seriously dilapidated buildings;
No
island of saint-louisIsland of Saint-Louis senegal Senegal 2009 Housing, Human resources, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Extremely poor state of conservation of numerous derelict buildings endangering occupants;
No
jelling mounds, runic stones and churchJelling Mounds, Runic Stones and Church denmark Denmark 2009 Temperature, Water (rain/water table), Wind,
Other Threats: surface deterioration of two runic stones, part of the overall property
No
kahuzi-biega national parkKahuzi-Biega National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2009 Civil unrest, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Mining, War, Yes
kasbah of algiersKasbah of Algiers algeria Algeria 2009 Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Underground transport infrastructure,
Other Threats: b) Lack of maintenance of dwelling places;
No
kaziranga national parkKaziranga National Park india India 2009 Financial resources, Ground transport infrastructure, Human resources, Illegal activities, No
keoladeo national parkKeoladeo National Park india India 2009 Invasive / alien freshwater species, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Management systems/ management plan, Water (extraction) , Water infrastructure, No
kiev: saint-sophia cathedral and related monastic buildings, kiev-pechersk lavraKiev: Saint-Sophia Cathedral and Related Monastic Buildings, Kiev-Pechersk Lavra ukraine Ukraine 2009 Housing, No
kizhi pogostKizhi Pogost russian federation Russian Federation 2009 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Structural integrity of the Church of the Transfiguration
No
kremlin and red square, moscowKremlin and Red Square, Moscow russian federation Russian Federation 2009 Housing,
Other Threats: Erection of a monument in honour of Marshal G. Zhukov
No
ksar of ait-ben-haddouKsar of Ait-Ben-Haddou morocco Morocco 2009 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: a) Partial abandonment of the property;
No
l'viv – the ensemble of the historic centreL'viv – the Ensemble of the Historic Centre ukraine Ukraine 2009 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste, No
lake baikalLake Baikal russian federation Russian Federation 2009 Ground water pollution, Housing, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Legal framework, Major linear utilities, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Oil and gas, No
lamu old townLamu Old Town kenya Kenya 2009 Financial resources, Housing, Human resources, Industrial areas, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure, Oil and gas, Solid waste,
Other Threats: Fire
No
laurisilva of madeiraLaurisilva of Madeira portugal Portugal 2009 Air transport infrastructure, Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, No
lines and geoglyphs of nasca and pampas de jumanaLines and Geoglyphs of Nasca and Pampas de Jumana peru Peru 2009 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Mining,
Other Threats: Lack of systematic monitoring of the site
No
liverpool – maritime mercantile cityLiverpool – Maritime Mercantile City united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2009 Commercial development, Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
los katios national parkLos Katíos National Park colombia Colombia 2009 Civil unrest, Ground transport infrastructure, Ground water pollution, Illegal activities, Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Major linear utilities, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure, No
lumbini, the birthplace of the lord buddhaLumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha nepal Nepal 2009 Housing, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: b) Impact on the archaeological remains, as well as on the visual integrity of the property by the Maya Devi Temple constructed in 2002
No
manas wildlife sanctuaryManas Wildlife Sanctuary india India 2009 Civil unrest, Crop production, Illegal activities,
Other Threats: b) Forced evacuation of Park staff
Yes
manovo-gounda st floris national parkManovo-Gounda St Floris National Park central african republic Central African Republic 2009 Civil unrest, Financial resources, Human resources, Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Mining, Yes
maya site of copanMaya Site of Copan honduras Honduras 2009 Air transport infrastructure, High impact research / monitoring activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration of construction materials due to natural decay phenomena
No
medieval monuments in kosovoMedieval Monuments in Kosovo serbia Serbia 2009 Civil unrest, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: e) Unsatisfactory state of conservation and maintenance of the property
Yes
meidan emam, esfahanMeidan Emam, Esfahan iran (islamic republic of) Iran (Islamic Republic of) 2009 Commercial development, Housing, Underground transport infrastructure, No
melaka and george town, historic cities of the straits of malaccaMelaka and George Town, Historic Cities of the Straits of Malacca malaysia Malaysia 2009 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
minaret and archaeological remains of jamMinaret and Archaeological Remains of Jam afghanistan Afghanistan 2009 Civil unrest, Deliberate destruction of heritage, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: b) Inclination of the Minaret;
Yes
mount kenya national park/natural forestMount Kenya National Park/Natural Forest kenya Kenya 2009 Illegal activities, Land conversion,
Other Threats: Community-wildlife conflict
No
mount nimba strict nature reserveMount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve cote d'ivoire,guinea Côte d'Ivoire
Guinea
2009 Financial resources, Forestry /wood production, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Yes
natural and culturo-historical region of kotorNatural and Culturo-Historical Region of Kotor montenegro Montenegro 2009 Earthquake, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
natural system of wrangel island reserveNatural System of Wrangel Island Reserve russian federation Russian Federation 2009 Management systems/ management plan, No
ngorongoro conservation areaNgorongoro Conservation Area tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 2009 Crop production, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Invasive / alien freshwater species, Land conversion, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, No
niokolo-koba national parkNiokolo-Koba National Park senegal Senegal 2009 Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Mining, Translocated species, Water infrastructure, Yes
okapi wildlife reserveOkapi Wildlife Reserve democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2009 Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Mining, Yes
old and new towns of edinburghOld and New Towns of Edinburgh united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2009 Housing,
Other Threats: Fire
No
old bridge area of the old city of mostarOld Bridge Area of the Old City of Mostar bosnia and herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina 2009 Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure,
Other Threats: b) Cracks appearing on the surface of the bridge
No
old city of jerusalem and its wallsOld City of Jerusalem and its Walls jerusalem (site proposed by jordan)Jerusalem (Site proposed by Jordan) 2009 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Governance, High impact research / monitoring activities, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: a) Natural risk factorse) Deterioration of monuments
Yes
old city of salamancaOld City of Salamanca spain Spain 2009 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
old town of galle and its fortificationsOld Town of Galle and its Fortifications sri lanka Sri Lanka 2009 Housing, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure, No
old town of lijiangOld Town of Lijiang china China 2009 Commercial development, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: a) Progressive loss of integrity and authenticity
No
old town of regensburg with stadtamhofOld town of Regensburg with Stadtamhof germany Germany 2009 Housing, Management activities, No
palace and gardens of schonbrunnPalace and Gardens of Schönbrunn austria Austria 2009 Housing, No
palace of westminster and westminster abbey including saint margaret’s churchPalace of Westminster and Westminster Abbey including Saint Margaret’s Church united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2009 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
parthian fortresses of nisaParthian Fortresses of Nisa turkmenistan Turkmenistan 2009 Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
pirin national parkPirin National Park bulgaria Bulgaria 2009 Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
pitons management areaPitons Management Area saint lucia Saint Lucia 2009 Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, No
prambanan temple compoundsPrambanan Temple Compounds indonesia Indonesia 2009 Earthquake, No
pre-hispanic city of teotihuacanPre-Hispanic City of Teotihuacan mexico Mexico 2009 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
prehistoric sites and decorated caves of the vezere valleyPrehistoric Sites and Decorated Caves of the Vézère Valley france France 2009 Micro-organisms, No
pyrenees - mont perduPyrénées - Mont Perdu france,spain France
Spain
2009 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
qal’at al-bahrain – ancient harbour and capital of dilmunQal’at al-Bahrain – Ancient Harbour and Capital of Dilmun bahrain Bahrain 2009 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Land conversion, Marine transport infrastructure, No
rainforests of the atsinananaRainforests of the Atsinanana madagascar Madagascar 2009 Commercial hunting, Fire (widlfires), Illegal activities, Land conversion, Mining, No
rice terraces of the philippine cordillerasRice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras philippines Philippines 2009 Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system, Financial resources, Housing, Human resources, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Society's valuing of heritage, Water infrastructure, Yes
richtersveld cultural and botanical landscapeRichtersveld Cultural and Botanical Landscape south africa South Africa 2009 Mining, No
rio plátano biosphere reserveRío Plátano Biosphere Reserve honduras Honduras 2009 Illegal activities, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure, No
robben islandRobben Island south africa South Africa 2009 Human resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: d) Difficulties with operational aspects of maintenance and conservation implementation including lack of preventive maintenance funding and programminge) Lack of appropriate conservation of the built heritage
No
rock drawings in valcamonicaRock Drawings in Valcamonica italy Italy 2009 Ground transport infrastructure, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Major linear utilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
rock-hewn churches, lalibelaRock-Hewn Churches, Lalibela ethiopia Ethiopia 2009 Earthquake, Housing, Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Relative humidity, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Geological and architectural characteristics of the churches.
No
ruins of kilwa kisiwani and ruins of songo mnaraRuins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Ruins of Songo Mnara tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 2009 Governance, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the architectural heritage fabric
Yes
ruins of the buddhist vihara at paharpurRuins of the Buddhist Vihara at Paharpur bangladesh Bangladesh 2009 Financial resources, Human resources, Management systems/ management plan, Relative humidity, Water (rain/water table), No
rwenzori mountains national parkRwenzori Mountains National Park uganda Uganda 2009 Financial resources, Human resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Other climate change impacts, No
sagarmatha national parkSagarmatha National Park nepal Nepal 2009 Air transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Temperature change, No
salonga national parkSalonga National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2009 Civil unrest, Illegal activities, Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting, Management systems/ management plan, War, Yes
samarkand – crossroad of culturesSamarkand – Crossroad of Cultures uzbekistan Uzbekistan 2009 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Management activities, No
samarra archaeological citySamarra Archaeological City iraq Iraq 2009 War, Yes
san agustin archaeological parkSan Agustín Archaeological Park colombia Colombia 2009 Ground transport infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: State of conservation of the fabric of monolithic sculpture
No
sangiran early man siteSangiran Early Man Site indonesia Indonesia 2009 Housing, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
selous game reserveSelous Game Reserve tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 2009 Financial resources, Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Oil and gas, Water infrastructure, No
serengeti national parkSerengeti National Park tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 2009 Illegal activities, Surface water pollution, Water (extraction) , Water infrastructure, No
simien national parkSimien National Park ethiopia Ethiopia 2009 Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals,
Other Threats: a) Declining populations of Walia ibex, Ethiopian wolf and other large mammal species
Yes
stonehenge, avebury and associated sitesStonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2009 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Ground transport infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Lack of visitor management
No
tai national parkTaï National Park cote d'ivoire Côte d'Ivoire 2009 Illegal activities, Land conversion, Mining, No
talamanca range-la amistad reserves / la amistad national parkTalamanca Range-La Amistad Reserves / La Amistad National Park costa rica,panama Costa Rica
Panama
2009 Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Water infrastructure, No
temple of preah vihearTemple of Preah Vihear cambodia Cambodia 2009 Management systems/ management plan, No
the sundarbansThe Sundarbans bangladesh Bangladesh 2009 Storms, No
timbuktuTimbuktu mali Mali 2009 Flooding, Housing, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste,
Other Threats: Lack of adequate maintenance of the buildings.
No
tipasaTipasa algeria Algeria 2009 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Housing, Human resources, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure, No
tokaj wine region historic cultural landscapeTokaj Wine Region Historic Cultural Landscape hungary Hungary 2009 Management systems/ management plan, Non-renewable energy facilities, Water (extraction) , No
tower of londonTower of London united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2009 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
town of luang prabangTown of Luang Prabang lao people's democratic republic Lao People's Democratic Republic 2009 Air transport infrastructure, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
tropical rainforest heritage of sumatraTropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra indonesia Indonesia 2009 Governance, Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Land conversion, No
tubbataha reefs natural parkTubbataha Reefs Natural Park philippines Philippines 2009 Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Illegal activities, Oil and gas, No
tyreTyre lebanon Lebanon 2009 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Illegal activities, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Insufficient maintenance
No
um er-rasas (kastrom mefa'a)Um er-Rasas (Kastrom Mefa'a) jordan Jordan 2009 Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Unstable structures and lack of security
No
upper middle rhine valleyUpper Middle Rhine Valley germany Germany 2009 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Ground transport infrastructure, Input of excess energy, No
vilnius historic centreVilnius Historic Centre lithuania Lithuania 2009 Housing, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
virgin komi forestsVirgin Komi Forests russian federation Russian Federation 2009 Management systems/ management plan, Mining, No
virunga national parkVirunga National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2009 Civil unrest, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, War, Yes
vredefort domeVredefort Dome south africa South Africa 2009 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Surface water pollution, No
walled city of baku with the shirvanshah's palace and maiden towerWalled City of Baku with the Shirvanshah's Palace and Maiden Tower azerbaijan Azerbaijan 2009 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
waterton glacier international peace parkWaterton Glacier International Peace Park canada,united states of america Canada
United States of America
2009 Mining, Other climate change impacts, Temperature change, No
western caucasusWestern Caucasus russian federation Russian Federation 2009 Forestry /wood production, Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
works of antoni gaudiWorks of Antoni Gaudí spain Spain 2009 Underground transport infrastructure, No


* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.