State of Conservation (SOC)

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2300
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418
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131
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Statistics by properties (by regions and categories)
Year Property SOC Regions Categories
EUR-NA APA LAC ARB AFR Cultural Natural Mixed
1999
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
110
87%
19%
110 23
18%
4%
34
27%
6%
23
18%
4%
12
9%
2%
18
14%
3%
55
43%
9%
47
37%
8%
8
6%
1%
2000
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
112
102%
18%
112 34
31%
5%
32
29%
5%
17
15%
3%
9
8%
1%
20
18%
3%
54
49%
9%
53
48%
8%
5
5%
1%
2001
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
124
111%
18%
124 37
33%
5%
32
29%
5%
19
17%
3%
18
16%
3%
18
16%
3%
57
51%
8%
60
54%
9%
7
6%
1%
2002
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
90
73%
12%
90 34
27%
5%
25
20%
3%
10
8%
1%
10
8%
1%
11
9%
2%
46
37%
6%
38
31%
5%
6
5%
1%
2003
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
142
158%
19%
142 41
46%
6%
34
38%
5%
28
31%
4%
15
17%
2%
24
27%
3%
94
104%
13%
44
49%
6%
4
4%
1%
2004
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
159
112%
21%
159 52
37%
7%
38
27%
5%
26
18%
3%
19
13%
3%
24
17%
3%
103
73%
14%
51
36%
7%
5
4%
1%
2005
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
138
87%
18%
138 47
30%
6%
34
21%
4%
16
10%
2%
16
10%
2%
25
16%
3%
89
56%
11%
44
28%
6%
5
3%
1%
2006
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
135
98%
17%
136 38
28%
5%
33
24%
4%
14
10%
2%
20
14%
2%
30
22%
4%
85
62%
10%
45
33%
6%
5
4%
1%
2007
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
165
122%
20%
165 50
37%
6%
41
30%
5%
22
16%
3%
22
16%
3%
30
22%
4%
107
79%
13%
54
40%
7%
4
3%
0%
2008
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
158
96%
19%
158 57
35%
7%
33
20%
4%
25
15%
3%
17
10%
2%
26
16%
3%
101
61%
12%
53
32%
6%
4
2%
0%
2009
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
178
113%
20%
178 64
41%
7%
38
24%
4%
26
16%
3%
19
12%
2%
31
20%
4%
122
77%
14%
52
33%
6%
4
3%
0%
2010
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
149
84%
17%
149 47
26%
5%
28
16%
3%
27
15%
3%
16
9%
2%
31
17%
3%
92
52%
10%
51
29%
6%
6
3%
1%
2011
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
172
115%
19%
172 50
34%
5%
41
28%
5%
31
21%
3%
20
13%
2%
30
20%
3%
118
79%
13%
51
34%
6%
3
2%
0%
2012
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
147
85%
16%
148 45
26%
5%
26
15%
3%
25
15%
3%
16
9%
2%
35
20%
4%
89
52%
10%
52
30%
6%
6
3%
1%
2013
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
169
115%
18%
169 46
31%
5%
31
21%
3%
30
20%
3%
27
18%
3%
35
24%
4%
116
79%
12%
50
34%
5%
3
2%
0%
2014
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
150
89%
15%
150 31
18%
3%
30
18%
3%
26
15%
3%
21
12%
2%
42
25%
4%
90
53%
9%
54
32%
6%
6
4%
1%
Threats*
Threats Group of Threats SOC reports Properties
Commercial development Buildings and Development 78 30
Housing Buildings and Development 716 173
Industrial areas Buildings and Development 25 10
Interpretative and visitation facilities Buildings and Development 101 42
Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Buildings and Development 189 70
Air transport infrastructure Transportation Infrastructure 23 9
Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure Transportation Infrastructure 114 45
Ground transport infrastructure Transportation Infrastructure 398 109
Marine transport infrastructure Transportation Infrastructure 75 23
Underground transport infrastructure Transportation Infrastructure 27 12
Localised utilities Services Infrastructures 20 14
Major linear utilities Services Infrastructures 61 22
Non-renewable energy facilities Services Infrastructures 10 5
Renewable energy facilities Services Infrastructures 28 11
Water infrastructure Services Infrastructures 154 36
Air pollution Pollution 29 12
Ground water pollution Pollution 19 8
Input of excess energy Pollution 24 9
Pollution of marine waters Pollution 16 6
Solid waste Pollution 85 27
Surface water pollution Pollution 83 20
Aquaculture Biological resource use/modification 0 0
Commercial hunting Biological resource use/modification 25 8
Commercial wild plant collection Biological resource use/modification 0 0
Crop production Biological resource use/modification 63 16
Fishing/collecting aquatic resources Biological resource use/modification 70 27
Forestry /wood production Biological resource use/modification 64 18
Land conversion Biological resource use/modification 268 59
Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Biological resource use/modification 162 35
Subsistence hunting Biological resource use/modification 21 9
Subsistence wild plant collection Biological resource use/modification 0 0
Mining Physical resource extraction 227 50
Oil and gas Physical resource extraction 95 30
Quarrying Physical resource extraction 18 8
Water (extraction) Physical resource extraction 36 12
Dust Local conditions affecting physical fabric 0 0
Micro-organisms Local conditions affecting physical fabric 9 3
Pests Local conditions affecting physical fabric 0 0
Radiation/light Local conditions affecting physical fabric 0 0
Relative humidity Local conditions affecting physical fabric 34 16
Temperature Local conditions affecting physical fabric 7 5
Water (rain/water table) Local conditions affecting physical fabric 133 44
Wind Local conditions affecting physical fabric 27 11
Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system Social/cultural uses of heritage 31 10
Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Social/cultural uses of heritage 240 58
Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Social/cultural uses of heritage 395 114
Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting Social/cultural uses of heritage 12 4
Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses Social/cultural uses of heritage 18 6
Society's valuing of heritage Social/cultural uses of heritage 27 11
Civil unrest Other human activities 173 22
Deliberate destruction of heritage Other human activities 157 47
Illegal activities Other human activities 551 104
Military training Other human activities 1 1
Terrorism Other human activities 1 1
War Other human activities 95 19
Changes to oceanic waters Climate change and severe weather events 4 3
Desertification Climate change and severe weather events 7 1
Drought Climate change and severe weather events 18 5
Flooding Climate change and severe weather events 57 18
Other climate change impacts Climate change and severe weather events 19 8
Storms Climate change and severe weather events 55 28
Temperature change Climate change and severe weather events 14 7
Avalanche/ landslide Sudden ecological or geological events 21 6
Earthquake Sudden ecological or geological events 63 25
Erosion and siltation/ deposition Sudden ecological or geological events 97 29
Fire (widlfires) Sudden ecological or geological events 49 14
Tsunami/tidal wave Sudden ecological or geological events 3 2
Volcanic eruption Sudden ecological or geological events 7 4
Hyper-abundant species Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species 1 1
Invasive / alien freshwater species Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species 37 9
Invasive / alien marine species Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species 12 4
Invasive/alien terrestrial species Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species 76 23
Modified genetic material Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species 0 0
Translocated species Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species 10 2
Financial resources Management and institutional factors 248 82
Governance Management and institutional factors 62 18
High impact research / monitoring activities Management and institutional factors 33 15
Human resources Management and institutional factors 211 76
Legal framework Management and institutional factors 250 96
Low impact research / monitoring activities Management and institutional factors 0 0
Management activities Management and institutional factors 291 86
Management systems/ management plan Management and institutional factors 1416 307
Threats by year (SOC reports)*
Threats* Year
1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Buildings and Development
1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Commercial development 1 2 4 4 14 11 5 5 4 6 5 1 3 3 5 5
Housing 21 23 21 17 37 47 37 47 60 58 71 55 64 52 54 52
Industrial areas 2 1 1 2 4 0 0 1 1 0 2 1 3 2 3 2
Interpretative and visitation facilities 1 4 8 4 10 8 8 5 7 6 9 4 8 6 6 7
Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure 6 5 7 3 8 7 3 9 16 13 22 18 23 13 15 21
Transportation Infrastructure
1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Air transport infrastructure 0 0 1 1 2 2 1 2 2 1 4 0 2 2 2 1
Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure 7 6 4 1 3 10 8 6 7 10 15 8 14 4 7 4
Ground transport infrastructure 22 26 30 17 23 32 16 21 28 28 28 23 28 24 26 26
Marine transport infrastructure 3 3 5 3 3 5 1 1 2 6 7 7 7 8 7 7
Underground transport infrastructure 0 1 0 0 4 3 1 0 1 2 3 2 4 1 3 2
Services Infrastructures
1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Localised utilities 4 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 2 0 4 2
Major linear utilities 4 3 5 3 6 6 3 3 4 3 4 1 3 4 4 5
Non-renewable energy facilities 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 2 3 3
Renewable energy facilities 1 2 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 0 3 1 2 3 4
Water infrastructure 5 4 7 4 6 7 10 9 13 12 10 14 11 15 13 14
Pollution
1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Air pollution 2 1 2 2 2 2 1 3 1 2 1 4 0 3 0 3
Ground water pollution 1 1 0 0 0 2 2 2 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 1
Input of excess energy 1 1 1 1 2 5 1 2 1 3 1 2 1 1 1 0
Pollution of marine waters 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 1 2 0 0 1 4 1 2 2
Solid waste 1 3 2 1 2 8 8 7 10 7 5 8 5 7 6 5
Surface water pollution 5 7 5 3 5 4 3 5 4 7 3 6 6 7 6 7
Biological resource use/modification
1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Aquaculture 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Commercial hunting 1 1 1 1 3 2 1 1 1 0 3 3 1 2 2 2
Commercial wild plant collection 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Crop production 1 2 3 1 1 2 7 10 11 3 4 3 6 3 2 4
Fishing/collecting aquatic resources 4 5 3 4 5 8 4 4 4 5 4 3 3 3 6 5
Forestry /wood production 5 6 5 1 6 2 4 6 4 5 6 4 0 4 3 3
Land conversion 9 13 15 9 18 11 9 14 17 17 22 20 23 22 23 26
Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals 5 6 7 5 7 10 6 10 11 12 15 11 13 16 16 12
Subsistence hunting 1 1 1 2 4 1 1 1 2 0 2 0 1 1 2 1
Subsistence wild plant collection 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Physical resource extraction
1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Mining 9 14 15 10 10 9 12 14 12 13 16 18 17 20 18 20
Oil and gas 4 3 6 4 5 5 3 3 3 6 6 6 9 9 11 12
Quarrying 1 2 2 2 2 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 2
Water (extraction) 1 2 3 2 1 2 1 2 2 2 3 4 2 2 2 5
Local conditions affecting physical fabric
1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Dust 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Micro-organisms 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 1 2 1 1 0 1 0
Pests 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Radiation/light 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Relative humidity 2 3 2 2 3 4 1 2 3 2 3 2 3 1 0 1
Temperature 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0
Water (rain/water table) 4 5 6 4 11 17 7 9 10 8 9 7 9 9 11 7
Wind 1 0 0 1 1 2 1 4 3 1 3 3 2 1 2 2
Social/cultural uses of heritage
1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system 0 0 1 0 0 3 2 3 4 3 3 2 3 2 2 3
Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community 12 16 19 10 17 13 15 16 21 13 17 14 19 12 13 13
Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation 17 17 19 20 29 29 21 30 36 24 27 19 21 28 23 35
Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1
Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses 2 2 3 3 3 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 2
Society's valuing of heritage 1 1 2 3 2 3 1 1 1 1 3 2 3 2 0 1
Other human activities
1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Civil unrest 6 6 6 3 11 15 11 12 13 13 12 13 13 13 13 13
Deliberate destruction of heritage 3 4 5 4 8 12 9 8 10 14 18 14 13 13 12 10
Illegal activities 20 28 27 19 31 44 30 34 41 35 44 34 42 41 37 44
Military training 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Terrorism 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
War 2 2 2 2 2 6 6 5 7 6 6 5 5 9 15 15
Climate change and severe weather events
1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Changes to oceanic waters 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 1 1
Desertification 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0
Drought 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 2 2 1 0 2 2 3 1 3
Flooding 1 2 0 1 3 2 3 6 5 5 4 4 4 7 6 4
Other climate change impacts 1 2 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 3 1 1 3 2 2
Storms 11 11 1 1 3 2 0 2 1 2 2 2 5 3 4 5
Temperature change 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 1 1 0 3 2 1 1 1 1
Sudden ecological or geological events
1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Avalanche/ landslide 0 1 1 1 4 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 0
Earthquake 4 3 5 1 3 4 4 4 5 4 5 4 5 7 2 3
Erosion and siltation/ deposition 3 4 3 2 3 7 7 7 9 3 10 5 10 7 9 8
Fire (widlfires) 3 4 3 3 2 2 2 3 3 2 3 4 4 2 6 3
Tsunami/tidal wave 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Volcanic eruption 2 0 1 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species
1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Hyper-abundant species 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Invasive / alien freshwater species 1 2 2 1 4 2 2 3 3 2 3 1 3 3 1 4
Invasive / alien marine species 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 1 2 1
Invasive/alien terrestrial species 3 4 3 2 5 2 4 7 5 7 5 6 3 8 6 6
Modified genetic material 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Translocated species 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1
Management and institutional factors
1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Financial resources 12 11 14 10 24 26 11 15 18 17 16 15 18 16 10 15
Governance 0 0 0 1 3 3 2 3 3 5 6 7 6 8 7 8
High impact research / monitoring activities 2 0 2 1 0 4 2 1 1 3 2 3 3 3 4 2
Human resources 5 4 10 6 26 21 11 15 18 11 19 9 16 13 13 14
Legal framework 6 6 6 6 21 26 15 17 12 15 13 18 19 23 24 23
Low impact research / monitoring activities 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Management activities 18 12 14 13 17 13 11 13 16 20 25 20 25 24 23 27
Management systems/ management plan 68 58 66 54 97 100 84 84 99 96 104 95 108 96 106 101


* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.