State of Conservation (SOC)

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169
Reports
172
Properties
84
States Parties
Site State Party Year Threats* Danger List
aapravasi ghatAapravasi Ghat mauritius Mauritius 2011 Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management activities, No
abu menaAbu Mena egypt Egypt 2011 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), Yes
agra forttaj mahalfatehpur sikriAgra Fort
Taj Mahal
Fatehpur Sikri
india India 2011 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, No
air and tenere natural reservesAir and Ténéré Natural Reserves niger Niger 2011 Civil unrest, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals,
Other Threats: poverty
Yes
ancient city of damascusAncient City of Damascus syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 2011 Housing, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
ancient city of nessebarAncient City of Nessebar bulgaria Bulgaria 2011 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
archaeological areas of pompei, herculaneum and torre annunziataArchaeological Areas of Pompei, Herculaneum and Torre Annunziata italy Italy 2011 Financial resources, Hyper-abundant species, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Relative humidity, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: collapse of a wall
No
archaeological ruins at moenjodaroArchaeological Ruins at Moenjodaro pakistan Pakistan 2011 Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: deterioration of structures
No
archaeological site of carthageArchaeological Site of Carthage tunisia Tunisia 2011 Housing, Legal framework, No
archaeological site of cyreneArchaeological Site of Cyrene libya Libya 2011 Crop production, Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Surface water pollution, No
archaeological site of panamá viejo and historic district of panamáArchaeological Site of Panamá Viejo and Historic District of Panamá panama Panama 2011 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Financial resources, Housing, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Society's valuing of heritage,
Other Threats: a) Severe deterioration of historic buildings that threatens the Outstanding Universal Value of the property;
No
architectural, residential and cultural complex of the radziwill family at nesvizhArchitectural, Residential and Cultural Complex of the Radziwill Family at Nesvizh belarus Belarus 2011 Human resources, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
ashur (qal'at sherqat)Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat) iraq Iraq 2011 Flooding, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: fragile mud brick structures
Yes
bagrati cathedral and gelati monasteryBagrati Cathedral and Gelati Monastery georgia Georgia 2011 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: General need for interior and exterior conservation work on the monuments
Yes
bam and its cultural landscapeBam and its Cultural Landscape iran (islamic republic of) Iran (Islamic Republic of) 2011 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
belize barrier reef reserve systemBelize Barrier Reef Reserve System belize Belize 2011 Housing, Invasive / alien marine species, Land conversion, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Oil and gas, Translocated species, Yes
brasiliaBrasilia brazil Brazil 2011 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
budapest, including the banks of the danube, the buda castle quarter and andrássy avenueBudapest, including the Banks of the Danube, the Buda Castle Quarter and Andrássy Avenue hungary Hungary 2011 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management systems/ management plan, No
camino real de tierra adentroCamino Real de Tierra Adentro mexico Mexico 2011 Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
cathedral, alcázar and archivo de indias in sevilleCathedral, Alcázar and Archivo de Indias in Seville spain Spain 2011 Housing, No
centennial hall in wrocławCentennial Hall in Wrocław poland Poland 2011 Ground transport infrastructure, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
central highlands of sri lankaCentral Highlands of Sri Lanka sri lanka Sri Lanka 2011 Management systems/ management plan, No
cerrado protected areas: chapada dos veadeiros and emas national parksCerrado Protected Areas: Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Parks brazil Brazil 2011 Legal framework, No
champaner-pavagadh archaeological parkChampaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park india India 2011 Management systems/ management plan, No
chan chan archaeological zoneChan Chan Archaeological Zone peru Peru 2011 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), Yes
churches of moldaviaChurches of Moldavia romania Romania 2011 Relative humidity, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: structural problems and deterioration of the mural paintings
No
city of cuzcoCity of Cuzco peru Peru 2011 Commercial development, Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
city of potosiCity of Potosí bolivia (plurinational state of) Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 2011 Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Surface water pollution, No
city of quitoCity of Quito ecuador Ecuador 2011 Housing, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
coiba national park and its special zone of marine protectionCoiba National Park and its Special Zone of Marine Protection panama Panama 2011 Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, No
colonial city of santo domingoColonial City of Santo Domingo dominican republic Dominican Republic 2011 Earthquake, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Land conversion, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Society's valuing of heritage, Storms, No
comoe national parkComoé National Park cote d'ivoire Côte d'Ivoire 2011 Civil unrest, Fire (widlfires), Illegal activities, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
complex of hue monumentsComplex of Hué Monuments viet nam Viet Nam 2011 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, No
coro and its portCoro and its Port venezuela (bolivarian republic of) Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 2011 Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: a) Serious deterioration of materials and structuresb) Deterioration of the architectural and urban coherence and integrity of the property;
Yes
cultural and historic ensemble of the solovetsky islandsCultural and Historic Ensemble of the Solovetsky Islands russian federation Russian Federation 2011 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
cultural landscape and archaeological remains of the bamiyan valleyCultural Landscape and Archaeological Remains of the Bamiyan Valley afghanistan Afghanistan 2011 Civil unrest, Illegal activities,
Other Threats: a) Risk of imminent collapse of the Giant Buddha nichesb) Irreversible deterioration of the mural paintingse) Anti-personnel mines and unexploded ordinances (i.e. munitions).
Yes
curonian spitCuronian Spit lithuania,russian federation Lithuania
Russian Federation
2011 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Oil and gas, Solid waste, Surface water pollution, No
dja faunal reserveDja Faunal Reserve cameroon Cameroon 2011 Commercial hunting, Crop production, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, No
djoudj national bird sanctuaryDjoudj National Bird Sanctuary senegal Senegal 2011 Financial resources, Human resources, Invasive / alien freshwater species, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Subsistence hunting,
Other Threats: soils salinity
No
donana national parkDoñana National Park spain Spain 2011 Crop production, Management systems/ management plan, Pollution of marine waters, Water (rain/water table), No
dong phayayen-khao yai forest complexDong Phayayen-Khao Yai Forest Complex thailand Thailand 2011 Ground transport infrastructure, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Forest fragmentationNeed for ecological corridors
No
ensemble of the ferapontov monasteryEnsemble of the Ferapontov Monastery russian federation Russian Federation 2011 Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Structural degradation of its components of the property
No
everglades national parkEverglades National Park united states of america United States of America 2011 Ground water pollution, Land conversion, Management activities, Pollution of marine waters, Storms, Surface water pollution,
Other Threats: Mercury contamination of fish and wildlife
Yes
fort and shalamar gardens in lahoreFort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore pakistan Pakistan 2011 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Financial resources, Housing, Land conversion, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
fortifications on the caribbean side of panama: portobelo-san lorenzoFortifications on the Caribbean Side of Panama: Portobelo-San Lorenzo panama Panama 2011 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Pollution of marine waters, Storms,
Other Threats: a) Deterioration and destruction of the fabric of the property by environmental factors
No
galápagos islandsGalápagos Islands ecuador Ecuador 2011 Governance, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Educational reform not implemented.
No
garamba national parkGaramba National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2011 Civil unrest, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, War, Yes
gebel barkal and the sites of the napatan regionGebel Barkal and the Sites of the Napatan Region sudan Sudan 2011 Flooding, Housing, Management systems/ management plan, Wind, No
golden mountains of altaiGolden Mountains of Altai russian federation Russian Federation 2011 Ground transport infrastructure, Major linear utilities, Oil and gas, No
great barrier reefGreat Barrier Reef australia Australia 2011 Changes to oceanic waters, Oil and gas, Pollution of marine waters, Temperature change, No
group of monuments at hampiGroup of Monuments at Hampi india India 2011 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
ha long bayHa Long Bay viet nam Viet Nam 2011 Financial resources, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Industrial areas, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic areas of istanbulHistoric Areas of Istanbul turkey Turkey 2011 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: a) Continued degradation of the vernacular architecture within the protected zones (particularly Ottoman-period timber houses in the Zeyrek and Süleymaniye core areas);
No
historic cairoHistoric Cairo egypt Egypt 2011 Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Dilapidated infrastructure; Neglect and lack of maintenance
No
historic centre (old town) of tallinnHistoric Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn estonia Estonia 2011 Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: e) Impact of the transportation of hazardous materials to the Old Town;
No
historic centre of bukharaHistoric Centre of Bukhara uzbekistan Uzbekistan 2011 Earthquake, Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Financial resources, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Localised utilities, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste, No
historic centre of český krumlovHistoric Centre of Český Krumlov czech republic Czech Republic 2011 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Underground transport infrastructure, No
historic centre of limaHistoric Centre of Lima peru Peru 2011 Housing, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic centre of macaoHistoric Centre of Macao china China 2011 Housing, No
historic centre of mexico city and xochimilcoHistoric Centre of Mexico City and Xochimilco mexico Mexico 2011 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Management systems/ management plan, Underground transport infrastructure, No
historic centre of naplesHistoric Centre of Naples italy Italy 2011 Management systems/ management plan, No
historic centre of pragueHistoric Centre of Prague czech republic Czech Republic 2011 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic centre of saint petersburg and related groups of monumentsHistoric Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments russian federation Russian Federation 2011 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic centre of the city of salzburgHistoric Centre of the City of Salzburg austria Austria 2011 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Water infrastructure, No
historic centres of berat and gjirokastraHistoric Centres of Berat and Gjirokastra albania Albania 2011 Housing, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Fire
No
historic city of meknesHistoric City of Meknes morocco Morocco 2011 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic ensemble of the potala palace, lhasaHistoric Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa china China 2011 Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management activities, No
historic monuments of ancient naraHistoric Monuments of Ancient Nara japan Japan 2011 Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, No
historic quarter of the city of colonia del sacramentoHistoric Quarter of the City of Colonia del Sacramento uruguay Uruguay 2011 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure, No
historic sanctuary of machu picchuHistoric Sanctuary of Machu Picchu peru Peru 2011 Avalanche/ landslide, Flooding, Governance, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic town of zabidHistoric Town of Zabid yemen Yemen 2011 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Serious degradation of the city’s heritage (many houses and the ancient souq are in an alarming deterioration state)
Yes
historical centre of the city of arequipaHistorical Centre of the City of Arequipa peru Peru 2011 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
historical centre of the city of yaroslavlHistorical Centre of the City of Yaroslavl russian federation Russian Federation 2011 Housing, Management activities, No
historical monuments at makli, thattaHistorical Monuments at Makli, Thatta pakistan Pakistan 2011 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: b) Stability of the foundations (earth mechanics) of the Jam Nizamuddin tomb;
No
historical monuments of mtskhetaHistorical Monuments of Mtskheta georgia Georgia 2011 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Land conversion, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
humberstone and santa laura saltpeter worksHumberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works chile Chile 2011 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Management systems/ management plan, Wind,
Other Threats: a) Extremely fragile nature of the industrial buildings that were constructed using local materials such as timber for frames, corrugated iron sheets for roofs and some walls, in addition to stucco and lightweight constructionb) Lack of maintenance over the past 40 years c) Corrosion of metal cladding and dismantlement of some of the structural elements. A few buildings such as the Leaching House are liable to structural collapse if no support is givend) Very little conservation work carried out
Yes
ibiza, biodiversity and cultureIbiza, Biodiversity and Culture spain Spain 2011 Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure, No
island of goreeIsland of Gorée senegal Senegal 2011 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities,
Other Threats: risk of collapse of historic building
No
island of saint-louisIsland of Saint-Louis senegal Senegal 2011 Housing, Human resources, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Extremely poor state of conservation of numerous derelict buildings endangering occupants
No
kahuzi-biega national parkKahuzi-Biega National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2011 Civil unrest, Illegal activities, Mining, War, Yes
kasbah of algiersKasbah of Algiers algeria Algeria 2011 Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Land conversion, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Underground transport infrastructure, No
kathmandu valleyKathmandu Valley nepal Nepal 2011 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
kaziranga national parkKaziranga National Park india India 2011 Financial resources, Ground transport infrastructure, Human resources, Illegal activities, No
keoladeo national parkKeoladeo National Park india India 2011 Invasive / alien freshwater species, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Water (extraction) , Water infrastructure, No
kiev: saint-sophia cathedral and related monastic buildings, kiev-pechersk lavraKiev: Saint-Sophia Cathedral and Related Monastic Buildings, Kiev-Pechersk Lavra ukraine Ukraine 2011 Housing, No
kremlin and red square, moscowKremlin and Red Square, Moscow russian federation Russian Federation 2011 Housing, No
ksar of ait-ben-haddouKsar of Ait-Ben-Haddou morocco Morocco 2011 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Partial abandonment of the property
No
l'viv – the ensemble of the historic centreL'viv – the Ensemble of the Historic Centre ukraine Ukraine 2011 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste, No
lagoons of new caledonia: reef diversity and associated ecosystemsLagoons of New Caledonia: Reef Diversity and Associated Ecosystems france France 2011 Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Other climate change impacts, No
lake baikalLake Baikal russian federation Russian Federation 2011 Illegal activities, Land conversion, Legal framework, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Surface water pollution, No
lake turkana national parksLake Turkana National Parks kenya Kenya 2011 Water infrastructure, No
lamu old townLamu Old Town kenya Kenya 2011 Financial resources, Housing, Human resources, Industrial areas, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure, Oil and gas, Solid waste,
Other Threats: Fire
No
lines and geoglyphs of nasca and pampas de jumanaLines and Geoglyphs of Nasca and Pampas de Jumana peru Peru 2011 Air transport infrastructure, Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Housing, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Mining,
Other Threats: Lack of systematic monitoring of the site
No
liverpool – maritime mercantile cityLiverpool – Maritime Mercantile City united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2011 Commercial development, Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
lorentz national parkLorentz National Park indonesia Indonesia 2011 Civil unrest, Financial resources, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Housing, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, No
los katios national parkLos Katíos National Park colombia Colombia 2011 Civil unrest, Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Major linear utilities, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
lumbini, the birthplace of the lord buddhaLumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha nepal Nepal 2011 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Impact of the new structure of the Maya Devi Temple (constructed in 2002) on the archaeological remains, as well as on the visual integrity.
No
mana pools national park, sapi and chewore safari areasMana Pools National Park, Sapi and Chewore Safari Areas zimbabwe Zimbabwe 2011 Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Mining, No
manas wildlife sanctuaryManas Wildlife Sanctuary india India 2011 Civil unrest, Crop production, Financial resources, Illegal activities, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Yes
manovo-gounda st floris national parkManovo-Gounda St Floris National Park central african republic Central African Republic 2011 Civil unrest, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Mining, Yes
manu national parkManú National Park peru Peru 2011 Crop production, Financial resources, Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Oil and gas, No
mapungubwe cultural landscapeMapungubwe Cultural Landscape south africa South Africa 2011 Industrial areas, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, No
maya site of copanMaya Site of Copan honduras Honduras 2011 Air transport infrastructure, High impact research / monitoring activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: b) Deterioration of construction materials due to natural decay phenomena;
No
medieval monuments in kosovoMedieval Monuments in Kosovo serbia Serbia 2011 Civil unrest, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: e) Unsatisfactory state of conservation and maintenance of the property.
Yes
melaka and george town, historic cities of the straits of malaccaMelaka and George Town, Historic Cities of the Straits of Malacca malaysia Malaysia 2011 Housing, No
minaret and archaeological remains of jamMinaret and Archaeological Remains of Jam afghanistan Afghanistan 2011 Civil unrest, High impact research / monitoring activities, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: b) Inclination of the Minaret;
Yes
monarch butterfly biosphere reserveMonarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve mexico Mexico 2011 Fire (widlfires), Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Land conversion, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, No
mont-saint-michel and its bayMont-Saint-Michel and its Bay france France 2011 Earthquake, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Renewable energy facilities, Storms, No
mount kenya national park/natural forestMount Kenya National Park/Natural Forest kenya Kenya 2011 Fire (widlfires), Illegal activities, Land conversion,
Other Threats: community-wildlife conflit
No
mount nimba strict nature reserveMount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve cote d'ivoire,guinea Côte d'Ivoire
Guinea
2011 Financial resources, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Yes
national history park – citadel, sans souci, ramiersNational History Park – Citadel, Sans Souci, Ramiers haiti Haiti 2011 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Earthquake, Ground transport infrastructure, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), No
ngorongoro conservation areaNgorongoro Conservation Area tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 2011 Crop production, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Invasive / alien freshwater species, Land conversion, No
niokolo-koba national parkNiokolo-Koba National Park senegal Senegal 2011 Drought, Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Mining, Translocated species, Water infrastructure, Yes
okapi wildlife reserveOkapi Wildlife Reserve democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2011 Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Mining, Yes
old and new towns of edinburghOld and New Towns of Edinburgh united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2011 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Housing, No
old bridge area of the old city of mostarOld Bridge Area of the Old City of Mostar bosnia and herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina 2011 Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure,
Other Threats: b) Cracks appearing on the surface of the old bridge.
No
old city of jerusalem and its wallsOld City of Jerusalem and its Walls jerusalem (site proposed by jordan)Jerusalem (Site proposed by Jordan) 2011 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Governance, High impact research / monitoring activities, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: a) Natural risk factorse) Deterioration of monuments;
Yes
old city of sana'aOld City of Sana'a yemen Yemen 2011 Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Land conversion, No
old town of galle and its fortificationsOld Town of Galle and its Fortifications sri lanka Sri Lanka 2011 Housing, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure, No
old town of lijiangOld Town of Lijiang china China 2011 Commercial development, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
ouadi qadisha (the holy valley) and the forest of the cedars of god (horsh arz el-rab)Ouadi Qadisha (the Holy Valley) and the Forest of the Cedars of God (Horsh Arz el-Rab) lebanon Lebanon 2011 Housing, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Legal framework, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: d) Degradation of the mural paintings and the buildings;
No
palace and gardens of schonbrunnhistoric centre of viennaPalace and Gardens of Schönbrunn
Historic Centre of Vienna
austria Austria 2011 Housing, No
palace of westminster and westminster abbey including saint margaret’s churchPalace of Westminster and Westminster Abbey including Saint Margaret’s Church united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2011 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
petraPetra jordan Jordan 2011 Management systems/ management plan, No
pirin national parkPirin National Park bulgaria Bulgaria 2011 Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
pitons management areaPitons Management Area saint lucia Saint Lucia 2011 Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, No
prambanan temple compoundsPrambanan Temple Compounds indonesia Indonesia 2011 Earthquake, Volcanic eruption, No
prehistoric sites and decorated caves of the vezere valleyPrehistoric Sites and Decorated Caves of the Vézère Valley france France 2011 Micro-organisms, No
purnululu national parkPurnululu National Park australia Australia 2011 Financial resources, Human resources, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, No
rainforests of the atsinananaRainforests of the Atsinanana madagascar Madagascar 2011 Fire (widlfires), Illegal activities, Land conversion, Mining, Yes
rice terraces of the philippine cordillerasRice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras philippines Philippines 2011 Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system, Financial resources, Human resources, Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Society's valuing of heritage, Yes
rio plátano biosphere reserveRío Plátano Biosphere Reserve honduras Honduras 2011 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Land conversion, Legal framework, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure, No
rock-art sites of tadrart acacusRock-Art Sites of Tadrart Acacus libya Libya 2011 Deliberate destruction of heritage, No
ruins of kilwa kisiwani and ruins of songo mnaraRuins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Ruins of Songo Mnara tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 2011 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Governance, Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the architectural heritage fabric
Yes
ruins of the buddhist vihara at paharpurRuins of the Buddhist Vihara at Paharpur bangladesh Bangladesh 2011 Financial resources, Human resources, Management systems/ management plan, Relative humidity, No
salonga national parkSalonga National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2011 Civil unrest, Illegal activities, Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting, Management systems/ management plan, War, Yes
samarkand – crossroad of culturesSamarkand – Crossroad of Cultures uzbekistan Uzbekistan 2011 Ground transport infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
samarra archaeological citySamarra Archaeological City iraq Iraq 2011 Management systems/ management plan, War, Yes
san agustin archaeological parkSan Agustín Archaeological Park colombia Colombia 2011 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: State of conservation of the fabric of the megalithic sculptures
No
sangiran early man siteSangiran Early Man Site indonesia Indonesia 2011 Housing, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
selous game reserveSelous Game Reserve tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 2011 Financial resources, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Mining, Oil and gas, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: b) Reduction of elephant populations;
No
serengeti national parkSerengeti National Park tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 2011 Drought, Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Major linear utilities, Water (extraction) , Water infrastructure, No
seventeenth-century canal ring area of amsterdam inside the singelgrachtSeventeenth-Century Canal Ring Area of Amsterdam inside the Singelgracht netherlands Netherlands 2011 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
simien national parkSimien National Park ethiopia Ethiopia 2011 Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals,
Other Threats: Declining populations of Walia ibex, Ethiopian wolf and other large mammal species
Yes
stone town of zanzibarStone Town of Zanzibar tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 2011 Changes to oceanic waters, Financial resources, Housing, Human resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Marine transport infrastructure, No
stonehenge, avebury and associated sitesStonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2011 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
talamanca range-la amistad reserves / la amistad national parkTalamanca Range-La Amistad Reserves / La Amistad National Park costa rica,panama Costa Rica
Panama
2011 Ground transport infrastructure, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Water infrastructure, No
temple of preah vihearTemple of Preah Vihear cambodia Cambodia 2011 Management systems/ management plan, No
the sundarbansThe Sundarbans bangladesh Bangladesh 2011 Illegal activities, Storms, No
three parallel rivers of yunnan protected areasThree Parallel Rivers of Yunnan Protected Areas china China 2011 Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Water infrastructure, No
timbuktuTimbuktu mali Mali 2011 Flooding, Housing, Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste,
Other Threats: a) Inappropriate design and scale of new Ahmed Baba Cultural Centre in the vicinity of the Sankoré Mosque; lack of detailed drawings supplied to the Committee;
No
tipasaTipasa algeria Algeria 2011 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Housing, Human resources, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management activities, Marine transport infrastructure, No
tiwanaku: spiritual and political centre of the tiwanaku cultureTiwanaku: Spiritual and Political Centre of the Tiwanaku Culture bolivia (plurinational state of) Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 2011 Governance, Management systems/ management plan, No
tokaj wine region historic cultural landscapeTokaj Wine Region Historic Cultural Landscape hungary Hungary 2011 Financial resources, Ground transport infrastructure, Human resources, Legal framework, Localised utilities, Management systems/ management plan, Quarrying, No
tombs of buganda kings at kasubiTombs of Buganda Kings at Kasubi uganda Uganda 2011 Management activities, Yes
tower of herculesTower of Hercules spain Spain 2011 Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, No
tower of londonTower of London united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2011 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
tropical rainforest heritage of sumatraTropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra indonesia Indonesia 2011 Governance, Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Land conversion, No
tubbataha reefs natural parkTubbataha Reefs Natural Park philippines Philippines 2011 Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Illegal activities, Oil and gas, No
tyreTyre lebanon Lebanon 2011 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Illegal activities, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure,
Other Threats: Insufficient maintenance
No
um er-rasas (kastrom mefa'a)Um er-Rasas (Kastrom Mefa'a) jordan Jordan 2011 Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Unstable structures and lack of security;
No
upper middle rhine valleyUpper Middle Rhine Valley germany Germany 2011 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Ground transport infrastructure, Input of excess energy, No
vat phou and associated ancient settlements within the champasak cultural landscapeVat Phou and Associated Ancient Settlements within the Champasak Cultural Landscape lao people's democratic republic Lao People's Democratic Republic 2011 Ground transport infrastructure, Human resources, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
vilnius historic centreVilnius Historic Centre lithuania Lithuania 2011 Housing, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
virgin komi forestsVirgin Komi Forests russian federation Russian Federation 2011 Management systems/ management plan, Mining, No
virunga national parkVirunga National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2011 Civil unrest, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Oil and gas, War, Yes
vredefort domeVredefort Dome south africa South Africa 2011 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Surface water pollution, No
western caucasusWestern Caucasus russian federation Russian Federation 2011 Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Legal framework, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
works of antoni gaudiWorks of Antoni Gaudí spain Spain 2011 Underground transport infrastructure, No


* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.