State of Conservation (SOC)

  • Results
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  • Exports
158
Reports
158
Properties
87
States Parties
Site State Party Year Threats* Danger List
abu menaAbu Mena egypt Egypt 2008 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), Yes
air and tenere natural reservesAir and Ténéré Natural Reserves niger Niger 2008 Civil unrest, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Forestry /wood production, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: poverty
Yes
aksumAksum ethiopia Ethiopia 2008 Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Lack of cartography, documentation and equipment
No
alejandro de humboldt national parkAlejandro de Humboldt National Park cuba Cuba 2008 Mining, No
ancient city of damascusAncient City of Damascus syrian arab republic Syrian Arab Republic 2008 Housing, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Poor state of conservation
No
ancient thebes with its necropolisAncient Thebes with its Necropolis egypt Egypt 2008 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Flooding, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), No
angkorAngkor cambodia Cambodia 2008 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
archaeological site of panamá viejo and historic district of panamáArchaeological Site of Panamá Viejo and Historic District of Panamá panama Panama 2008 Financial resources, Governance, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Severe deterioration of historic buildings that threatens the outstanding universal value of the property
No
ashur (qal'at sherqat)Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat) iraq Iraq 2008 Flooding, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Fragile mud brick structures;
Yes
auschwitz birkenau german nazi concentration and extermination camp (1940-1945)Auschwitz Birkenau
German Nazi Concentration and Extermination Camp (1940-1945)
poland Poland 2008 Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Slow consultation process with local communities
No
bagrati cathedral and gelati monasteryBagrati Cathedral and Gelati Monastery georgia Georgia 2008 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: General need for interior and exterior conservation work on the monuments
No
bahla fortBahla Fort oman Oman 2008 Commercial development, Housing, Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the earthen structures of the Fort;
No
bam and its cultural landscapeBam and its Cultural Landscape iran (islamic republic of) Iran (Islamic Republic of) 2008 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
banc d'arguin national parkBanc d'Arguin National Park mauritania Mauritania 2008 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Financial resources, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Human resources, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Oil and gas, No
belfries of belgium and franceBelfries of Belgium and France belgium,france Belgium
France
2008 Commercial development, Ground transport infrastructure, No
belize barrier reef reserve systemBelize Barrier Reef Reserve System belize Belize 2008 Forestry /wood production, Land conversion, Legal framework, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, No
białowieża forestBiałowieża Forest belarus,poland Belarus
Poland
2008 Forestry /wood production, Illegal activities, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: a) Alterations of the hydrological regime; b) Border fence impeding mammal movements
No
bordeaux, port of the moonBordeaux, Port of the Moon france France 2008 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Ground transport infrastructure, No
budapest, including the banks of the danube, the buda castle quarter and andrássy avenueBudapest, including the Banks of the Danube, the Buda Castle Quarter and Andrássy Avenue hungary Hungary 2008 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure,
Other Threats: Lack of conservation of residential housing in the area inscribed as World Heritage
No
chan chan archaeological zoneChan Chan Archaeological Zone peru Peru 2008 Crop production, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Continuous deterioration of earthen architecture structures and decorated surfaces from lack of conservation and maintenance practices;
Yes
city of bathCity of Bath united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2008 Housing, No
city of quitoCity of Quito ecuador Ecuador 2008 Earthquake, Housing, Management activities, No
classical gardens of suzhouClassical Gardens of Suzhou china China 2008 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
cologne cathedralCologne Cathedral germany Germany 2008 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
comoe national parkComoé National Park cote d'ivoire Côte d'Ivoire 2008 Civil unrest, Fire (widlfires), Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, War, Yes
coro and its portCoro and its Port venezuela (bolivarian republic of) Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 2008 Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: a) Serious deterioration of materials and structuresb) Deterioration of the architectural and urban coherence and integrity of the property;
Yes
cultural landscape and archaeological remains of the bamiyan valleyCultural Landscape and Archaeological Remains of the Bamiyan Valley afghanistan Afghanistan 2008 Civil unrest, Deliberate destruction of heritage, Illegal activities,
Other Threats: a) Risk of imminent collapse of the Buddha nichesb) Irreversible deterioration of the mural paintings
Yes
curonian spitCuronian Spit lithuania,russian federation Lithuania
Russian Federation
2008 Management systems/ management plan, Oil and gas, Solid waste, Surface water pollution, No
danube deltaDanube Delta romania Romania 2008 Localised utilities, Surface water pollution,
Other Threats: Deepwater navigation waterway through the Bystre mouth of the Danube River
No
dong phayayen-khao yai forest complexDong Phayayen-Khao Yai Forest Complex thailand Thailand 2008 Ground transport infrastructure,
Other Threats: Forest fragmentationNeed for ecological corridors.
No
dresden elbe valleyDresden Elbe Valley germany Germany 2008 Ground transport infrastructure, Yes
durmitor national parkDurmitor National Park montenegro Montenegro 2008 Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure, No
everglades national parkEverglades National Park united states of america United States of America 2008 Ground water pollution, Housing, Storms, Surface water pollution, Water infrastructure,
Other Threats: Mercury contamination of fish and wildlife
No
fort and shalamar gardens in lahoreFort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore pakistan Pakistan 2008 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Financial resources, Housing, Land conversion, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
fortifications on the caribbean side of panama: portobelo-san lorenzoFortifications on the Caribbean Side of Panama: Portobelo-San Lorenzo panama Panama 2008 Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration and destruction of the fabric of the property by environmental factors, lack of maintenance, as well as polluted water
No
galápagos islandsGalápagos Islands ecuador Ecuador 2008 Governance, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Educational reform not implemented.
Yes
garamba national parkGaramba National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2008 Civil unrest, Illegal activities, Management activities, War, Yes
giant's causeway and causeway coastGiant's Causeway and Causeway Coast united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2008 Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
golden mountains of altaiGolden Mountains of Altai russian federation Russian Federation 2008 Ground transport infrastructure, Major linear utilities, Oil and gas, No
group of monuments at hampiGroup of Monuments at Hampi india India 2008 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Human resources, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
heart of neolithic orkneyHeart of Neolithic Orkney united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2008 Renewable energy facilities, No
henderson islandHenderson Island united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2008 Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic areas of istanbulHistoric Areas of Istanbul turkey Turkey 2008 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Continued degradation of the vernacular architecture within the protected zones (particularly Ottoman-period timber houses in the Zeyrek and Süleymaniye core areas);
No
historic cairoHistoric Cairo egypt Egypt 2008 Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Dilapidated infrastructure; Neglect and lack of maintenance
No
historic centre (old town) of tallinnHistoric Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn estonia Estonia 2008 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Housing, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Impact of the transportation of hazardous materials to the Old Town
No
historic centre of macaoHistoric Centre of Macao china China 2008 Housing, No
historic centre of mexico city and xochimilcoHistoric Centre of Mexico City and Xochimilco mexico Mexico 2008 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic centre of pragueHistoric Centre of Prague czech republic Czech Republic 2008 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic centre of rigaHistoric Centre of Riga latvia Latvia 2008 Housing, Legal framework, No
historic centre of saint petersburg and related groups of monumentsHistoric Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments russian federation Russian Federation 2008 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic centre of sighişoaraHistoric Centre of Sighişoara romania Romania 2008 Financial resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration of monuments in general and the fortifications in particular
No
historic centre of the city of salzburgHistoric Centre of the City of Salzburg austria Austria 2008 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, No
historic centre of viennaHistoric Centre of Vienna austria Austria 2008 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, No
historic monuments of ancient naraHistoric Monuments of Ancient Nara japan Japan 2008 Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, No
historic quarter of the city of colonia del sacramentoHistoric Quarter of the City of Colonia del Sacramento uruguay Uruguay 2008 Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure, No
historic sanctuary of machu picchuHistoric Sanctuary of Machu Picchu peru Peru 2008 Avalanche/ landslide, Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Financial resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
historic town of zabidHistoric Town of Zabid yemen Yemen 2008 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Management activities,
Other Threats: a) Serious degradation of the city’s heritage (many houses and the ancient souk are in an alarming deterioration state)d) Lack of conservation measures and supportive developments.
Yes
historical centre of the city of arequipaHistorical Centre of the City of Arequipa peru Peru 2008 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Earthquake, Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Flooding, Management activities,
Other Threats: Material decay and abandonment of buildings
No
historical centre of the city of yaroslavlHistorical Centre of the City of Yaroslavl russian federation Russian Federation 2008 Commercial development, Housing, No
historical monuments of mtskhetaHistorical Monuments of Mtskheta georgia Georgia 2008 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
humberstone and santa laura saltpeter worksHumberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works chile Chile 2008 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Management systems/ management plan, Wind,
Other Threats: a) Extremely fragile nature of the buildings that were constructed using local materials such as timber for frames, corrugated iron sheets for roofs and some walls, in addition to stucco and lightweight constructionb) Lack of maintenance over the past 40 years c) Corrosion of metal cladding and dismantlement of some of the structural elements. A few buildings, such as the Leaching house, are liable to structural collapse if no support is givend) Very little conservation work carried out
Yes
ichkeul national parkIchkeul National Park tunisia Tunisia 2008 Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table), Water infrastructure, No
iguacu national parkIguaçu National Park brazil Brazil 2008 Financial resources, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure, No
iguazu national parkIguazu National Park argentina Argentina 2008 Financial resources, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure, No
island of mozambiqueIsland of Mozambique mozambique Mozambique 2008 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste,
Other Threats: a) Delay in implementing rehabilitation of the San Sebastian Fortressb) Buildings threatened with collapse
No
island of saint-louisIsland of Saint-Louis senegal Senegal 2008 Housing, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Extremely poor state of conservation of numerous derelict buildings endangering occupants
No
isole eolie (aeolian islands)Isole Eolie (Aeolian Islands) italy Italy 2008 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure, Quarrying, No
kahuzi-biega national parkKahuzi-Biega National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2008 Civil unrest, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Mining, War, Yes
kathmandu valleyKathmandu Valley nepal Nepal 2008 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
kaziranga national parkKaziranga National Park india India 2008 Financial resources, Ground transport infrastructure, Human resources, Illegal activities,
Other Threats: Insufficient infrastructure
No
keoladeo national parkKeoladeo National Park india India 2008 Invasive / alien freshwater species, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Management systems/ management plan, Water (extraction) , Water infrastructure, No
kiev: saint-sophia cathedral and related monastic buildings, kiev-pechersk lavraKiev: Saint-Sophia Cathedral and Related Monastic Buildings, Kiev-Pechersk Lavra ukraine Ukraine 2008 Housing, No
kizhi pogostKizhi Pogost russian federation Russian Federation 2008 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Structural integrity of the Church of the Transfiguration
No
kremlin and red square, moscowKremlin and Red Square, Moscow russian federation Russian Federation 2008 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing,
Other Threats: Erection of a monument in honour of Marshal G. Zhukov
No
lake baikalLake Baikal russian federation Russian Federation 2008 Housing, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Land conversion, Legal framework, Major linear utilities, Management systems/ management plan, Surface water pollution, No
lamu old townLamu Old Town kenya Kenya 2008 Financial resources, Human resources, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste,
Other Threats: Fire
No
liverpool – maritime mercantile cityLiverpool – Maritime Mercantile City united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2008 Commercial development, Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
lorentz national parkLorentz National Park indonesia Indonesia 2008 Civil unrest, Financial resources, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Housing, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, No
los katios national parkLos Katíos National Park colombia Colombia 2008 Civil unrest, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
lumbini, the birthplace of the lord buddhaLumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha nepal Nepal 2008 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Impact of the new structure of the Maya Devi Temple (constructed in 2002) on the archaeological remains, as well as on the visual integrity.
No
m'zab valleyM'Zab Valley algeria Algeria 2008 Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system, Flooding, Ground water pollution, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Degradation of the environment
No
macquarie islandMacquarie Island australia Australia 2008 Invasive/alien terrestrial species, No
madriu-perafita-claror valleyMadriu-Perafita-Claror Valley andorra Andorra 2008 Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, No
manas wildlife sanctuaryManas Wildlife Sanctuary india India 2008 Civil unrest, Crop production, Illegal activities,
Other Threats: Forced evacuation of Park stafDestruction of Park infrastructure
Yes
manovo-gounda st floris national parkManovo-Gounda St Floris National Park central african republic Central African Republic 2008 Civil unrest, Financial resources, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Human resources, Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Mining, Yes
manu national parkManú National Park peru Peru 2008 Illegal activities, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Oil and gas, No
maya site of copanMaya Site of Copan honduras Honduras 2008 Air transport infrastructure, High impact research / monitoring activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration of construction materials due to natural decay phenomena
No
medieval monuments in kosovoMedieval Monuments in Kosovo serbia Serbia 2008 Civil unrest, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Unsatisfactory state of conservation and maintenance of the property.
Yes
medina of essaouira (formerly mogador)Medina of Essaouira (formerly Mogador) morocco Morocco 2008 Commercial development, Solid waste,
Other Threats: a) Progressive deterioration of the built area b) Continuous collapse of buildingsc) Major deterioration of the maritime part of the fortifications of the Medina
No
megalithic temples of maltaMegalithic Temples of Malta malta Malta 2008 Housing, Illegal activities, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
meidan emam, esfahanMeidan Emam, Esfahan iran (islamic republic of) Iran (Islamic Republic of) 2008 Commercial development, Underground transport infrastructure, No
minaret and archaeological remains of jamMinaret and Archaeological Remains of Jam afghanistan Afghanistan 2008 Civil unrest, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Inclination of the Minaret;
Yes
mosi-oa-tunya / victoria fallsMosi-oa-Tunya / Victoria Falls zambia,zimbabwe Zambia
Zimbabwe
2008 Air pollution, Drought, Housing, Input of excess energy, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Surface water pollution, Water (extraction) , No
mount athosMount Athos greece Greece 2008 Earthquake, Forestry /wood production, Ground transport infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Fire
No
mount kenya national park/natural forestMount Kenya National Park/Natural Forest kenya Kenya 2008 Illegal activities, Land conversion,
Other Threats: Community-wildlife conflict;
No
mount nimba strict nature reserveMount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve cote d'ivoire,guinea Côte d'Ivoire
Guinea
2008 Financial resources, Human resources, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Yes
natural and culturo-historical region of kotorNatural and Culturo-Historical Region of Kotor montenegro Montenegro 2008 Earthquake, Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
natural system of wrangel island reserveNatural System of Wrangel Island Reserve russian federation Russian Federation 2008 Management systems/ management plan, No
niokolo-koba national parkNiokolo-Koba National Park senegal Senegal 2008 Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Mining, Translocated species, Water infrastructure, Yes
okapi wildlife reserveOkapi Wildlife Reserve democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2008 Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Illegal activities, Mining, Yes
old and new towns of edinburghOld and New Towns of Edinburgh united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2008 Solid waste,
Other Threats: Fire
No
old bridge area of the old city of mostarOld Bridge Area of the Old City of Mostar bosnia and herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina 2008 Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure,
Other Threats: Cracks at the Mostar bridge
No
old city of jerusalem and its wallsOld City of Jerusalem and its Walls jerusalem (site proposed by jordan)Jerusalem (Site proposed by Jordan) 2008 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Governance, High impact research / monitoring activities, Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: a) Natural risk factors b) Deterioration of monuments
Yes
old city of salamancaOld City of Salamanca spain Spain 2008 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
old town of galle and its fortificationsOld Town of Galle and its Fortifications sri lanka Sri Lanka 2008 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure, Tsunami/tidal wave, No
old town of lijiangOld Town of Lijiang china China 2008 Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
old towns of djenneOld Towns of Djenné mali Mali 2008 Housing, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Land conversion, Management systems/ management plan, Solid waste,
Other Threats: Deterioration of dwellings
No
palace and gardens of schonbrunnPalace and Gardens of Schönbrunn austria Austria 2008 Housing, No
palace of westminster and westminster abbey including saint margaret’s churchPalace of Westminster and Westminster Abbey including Saint Margaret’s Church united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2008 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
parthian fortresses of nisaParthian Fortresses of Nisa turkmenistan Turkmenistan 2008 Interpretative and visitation facilities, No
pitons management areaPitons Management Area saint lucia Saint Lucia 2008 Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, No
port, fortresses and group of monuments, cartagenaPort, Fortresses and Group of Monuments, Cartagena colombia Colombia 2008 Ground transport infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure,
Other Threats: Dilapidated state of conservation of the Church of Santo Domingo
No
pre-hispanic city of teotihuacanPre-Hispanic City of Teotihuacan mexico Mexico 2008 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
prehistoric sites and decorated caves of the vezere valleyPrehistoric Sites and Decorated Caves of the Vézère Valley france France 2008 Micro-organisms, No
purnululu national parkPurnululu National Park australia Australia 2008 Financial resources, Mining, No
pyrenees - mont perduPyrénées - Mont Perdu france,spain France
Spain
2008 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
red fort complexRed Fort Complex india India 2008 Ground transport infrastructure, No
rice terraces of the philippine cordillerasRice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras philippines Philippines 2008 Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system, Financial resources, Housing, Human resources, Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Society's valuing of heritage, Yes
richtersveld cultural and botanical landscapeRichtersveld Cultural and Botanical Landscape south africa South Africa 2008 Mining, No
rio plátano biosphere reserveRío Plátano Biosphere Reserve honduras Honduras 2008 Crop production, Housing, Illegal activities, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Water infrastructure, No
rock-hewn churches, lalibelaRock-Hewn Churches, Lalibela ethiopia Ethiopia 2008 Housing, Legal framework, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Relative humidity, Water (rain/water table),
Other Threats: Geological and architectural characteristics of the churches
No
royal palaces of abomeyRoyal Palaces of Abomey benin Benin 2008 Interpretative and visitation facilities, Legal framework,
Other Threats: Major deterioration of almost 50% of the earthen structural components;
No
ruins of kilwa kisiwani and ruins of songo mnaraRuins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Ruins of Songo Mnara tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 2008 Governance, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Deterioration of the architectural heritage fabric;
Yes
ruins of the buddhist vihara at paharpurRuins of the Buddhist Vihara at Paharpur bangladesh Bangladesh 2008 Financial resources, Human resources, Management systems/ management plan, Relative humidity, Water (rain/water table), No
salonga national parkSalonga National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2008 Civil unrest, Illegal activities, Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting, War, Yes
samarkand – crossroad of culturesSamarkand – Crossroad of Cultures uzbekistan Uzbekistan 2008 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Management activities, No
samarra archaeological citySamarra Archaeological City iraq Iraq 2008 War, Yes
sangay national parkSangay National Park ecuador Ecuador 2008 Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, No
sangiran early man siteSangiran Early Man Site indonesia Indonesia 2008 Housing, Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management systems/ management plan, No
sceilg mhichilSceilg Mhichíl ireland Ireland 2008 Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
selous game reserveSelous Game Reserve tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 2008 Financial resources, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Oil and gas, Water infrastructure, No
shiretokoShiretoko japan Japan 2008 Management systems/ management plan, No
simien national parkSimien National Park ethiopia Ethiopia 2008 Ground transport infrastructure, Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals,
Other Threats: Declining populations of Walia ibex, Ethiopian wolf and other large mammal species;
Yes
stone town of zanzibarStone Town of Zanzibar tanzania, united republic of Tanzania, United Republic of 2008 Financial resources, Housing, Human resources, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure,
Other Threats: Environmental pressures
No
stonehenge, avebury and associated sitesStonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2008 Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, No
talamanca range-la amistad reserves / la amistad national parkTalamanca Range-La Amistad Reserves / La Amistad National Park costa rica,panama Costa Rica
Panama
2008 Housing, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, Water infrastructure, No
tasmanian wildernessTasmanian Wilderness australia Australia 2008 Forestry /wood production, Ground transport infrastructure, No
the sundarbansThe Sundarbans bangladesh Bangladesh 2008 Storms, No
three parallel rivers of yunnan protected areasThree Parallel Rivers of Yunnan Protected Areas china China 2008 Land conversion, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Water infrastructure, No
timbuktuTimbuktu mali Mali 2008 Flooding, Housing, Management activities, Solid waste, No
tipasaTipasa algeria Algeria 2008 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Erosion and siltation/ deposition, Housing, Illegal activities, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Invasive/alien terrestrial species, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, Marine transport infrastructure,
Other Threats: poor conservation conditions for the archaeological remains
No
tiwanaku: spiritual and political centre of the tiwanaku cultureTiwanaku: Spiritual and Political Centre of the Tiwanaku Culture bolivia (plurinational state of) Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 2008 High impact research / monitoring activities, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
tokaj wine region historic cultural landscapeTokaj Wine Region Historic Cultural Landscape hungary Hungary 2008 Non-renewable energy facilities, No
tower of londonTower of London united kingdom of great britain and northern ireland United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2008 Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
town of luang prabangTown of Luang Prabang lao people's democratic republic Lao People's Democratic Republic 2008 Ground transport infrastructure, Housing, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, No
tropical rainforest heritage of sumatraTropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra indonesia Indonesia 2008 Governance, Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Land conversion, No
tyreTyre lebanon Lebanon 2008 Housing, Illegal activities, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Insufficient maintenance
No
um er-rasas (kastrom mefa'a)Um er-Rasas (Kastrom Mefa'a) jordan Jordan 2008 Interpretative and visitation facilities, Management activities, Management systems/ management plan,
Other Threats: Unstable structures and lack of security
No
upper middle rhine valleyUpper Middle Rhine Valley germany Germany 2008 Ground transport infrastructure, Input of excess energy, No
vilnius historic centreVilnius Historic Centre lithuania Lithuania 2008 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Management systems/ management plan, No
virunga national parkVirunga National Park democratic republic of the congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2008 Civil unrest, Fishing/collecting aquatic resources, Illegal activities, Land conversion, Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals, War, Yes
volcanoes of kamchatkaVolcanoes of Kamchatka russian federation Russian Federation 2008 Fire (widlfires), Ground transport infrastructure, Illegal activities, Major linear utilities, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Oil and gas, Renewable energy facilities, No
vredefort domeVredefort Dome south africa South Africa 2008 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Illegal activities, Management systems/ management plan, Surface water pollution, No
wadi al-hitan (whale valley)Wadi Al-Hitan (Whale Valley) egypt Egypt 2008 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
walled city of baku with the shirvanshah's palace and maiden towerWalled City of Baku with the Shirvanshah's Palace and Maiden Tower azerbaijan Azerbaijan 2008 Deliberate destruction of heritage, Housing, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Management systems/ management plan, Yes
western caucasusWestern Caucasus russian federation Russian Federation 2008 Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Legal framework, Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure, Management systems/ management plan, No
works of antoni gaudiWorks of Antoni Gaudí spain Spain 2008 Underground transport infrastructure, No
yellowstone national parkYellowstone National Park united states of america United States of America 2008 Air pollution, Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure, Ground transport infrastructure, Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation, Input of excess energy, Invasive / alien freshwater species, Management systems/ management plan, Mining, Surface water pollution, No


* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.