State of Conservation
States PartiesAfghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahrain Belarus Benin Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Cambodia Cameroon Canada Central African Republic Chile China Côte d'Ivoire Czech Republic Democratic Republic of the Congo Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt Estonia Ethiopia France Germany Greece Guinea Honduras India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Italy Japan Jordan Kenya Lebanon Libya Lithuania Mali Mauritania Mexico Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Nepal Niger Oman Pakistan Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Senegal South Africa Spain Tunisia Turkey Uganda United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Uzbekistan Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan (84) Housing (46) Illegal activities (34) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation (30) Ground transport infrastructure (21) Legal framework (17) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community (16) Financial resources (15) Human resources (15) Land conversion (14) Mining (14) Management activities (13) Civil unrest (12) Crop production (10) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals (10) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure (9) Water infrastructure (9) Water (rain/water table) (9) Deliberate destruction of heritage (8) Solid waste (7) Erosion and siltation/ deposition (7) Invasive/alien terrestrial species (7) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure (6) Forestry /wood production (6) Flooding (6) Commercial development (5) Interpretative and visitation facilities (5) Surface water pollution (5) War (5) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources (4) Wind (4) Earthquake (4) Major linear utilities (3) Air pollution (3) Oil and gas (3) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system (3) Fire (widlfires) (3) Invasive / alien freshwater species (3) Governance (3) Air transport infrastructure (2) Ground water pollution (2) Input of excess energy (2) Water (extraction) (2) Relative humidity (2) Drought (2) Storms (2) Industrial areas (1) Marine transport infrastructure (1) Localised utilities (1) Renewable energy facilities (1) Pollution of marine waters (1) Commercial hunting (1) Subsistence hunting (1) Quarrying (1) Temperature (1) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting (1) Society's valuing of heritage (1) Military training (1) Desertification (1) Temperature change (1) Avalanche/ landslide (1) Translocated species (1) High impact research / monitoring activities (1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).