State of Conservation (SOC)
States PartiesAlbania Algeria Argentina Australia Bangladesh Belarus Benin Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Brazil Bulgaria Cambodia Cameroon Canada Central African Republic China Colombia Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Democratic Republic of the Congo Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Ethiopia France Germany Ghana Greece Guatemala Guinea Haiti Holy See Honduras Hungary India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Italy Japan Jordan Lao People's Democratic Republic Lebanon Libya Lithuania Madagascar Malawi Mali Malta Mauritania Mexico Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Nepal New Zealand Niger Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Senegal Serbia Seychelles Slovenia Spain Sri Lanka Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Tunisia Turkey Uganda United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Uzbekistan Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan(225) Illegal activities(104) Ground transport infrastructure(82) Housing(80) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community(59) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation(59) Management activities(58) Financial resources(57) Legal framework(53) Water infrastructure(51) Water (rain/water table)(45) Land conversion(44) Mining(41) Human resources(26) Surface water pollution(25) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals(25) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure(23) Civil unrest(22) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure(20) Relative humidity(19) War(19) Storms(19) Forestry /wood production(18) Localised utilities(17) Air pollution(17) Solid waste(16) Crop production(15) Earthquake(15) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources(14) Water (extraction) (14) Erosion and siltation/ deposition(14) Commercial development(13) Oil and gas(12) Deliberate destruction of heritage(11) Flooding(11) Invasive/alien terrestrial species(11) Industrial areas(7) Marine transport infrastructure(7) Major linear utilities(7) Input of excess energy(7) Wind(7) Avalanche/ landslide(7) Subsistence hunting(6) Temperature(6) Interpretative and visitation facilities(5) Air transport infrastructure(5) Micro-organisms(5) Governance(5) Desertification(4) Fire (widlfires)(4) Invasive / alien marine species(4) Renewable energy facilities(3) Pollution of marine waters(3) Quarrying(3) Radiation/light(3) Invasive / alien freshwater species(3) Pests(2) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses(2) Terrorism(2) Subsistence wild plant collection(1) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system(1) Society's valuing of heritage(1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).